can we do FASTING when ever we wish??

Discussion in 'Islamic Discussion' started by allah rakkah lav, Nov 2, 2009.

  1. allah rakkah lav
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    allah rakkah lav i love allah alone

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    asalam alaikom:tti_sister:


    im converted muslim(nt legally) not basically from an islamic family none of my relatives r even know abt islam
    durin my 7 yr old one uncle who is friend of my dad ,he didnt hav any kids so he used to take me to his house to play with him n his wife ,i dnt knw how i learnt the truth i.e knowledge abt islam v r frm orthodox religion never beliv in islam n all... its really woundering me how im blessed in that age of 7yrs till now it passed 13years to know abt allah .....


    here is the question since im not d basic muslim n not guided by any muslims to follow d correct way ... being a gal from other religion i cant go to mosq n ask the scholars too ,, i find here my bro/sis over here can clarify my doubts abt islam wit tat hope ---

    can we do fasting whenever we wish? i mean even after ramadhan ... any day lik friday we can hav our own idea to hav fasting is it allowed????


    more over to accept our dua n our requested desire to allah can we do fasting as of sacrificing our food for a day to accept our request???? is tat allowed by him???



    :hijabi: subanallah...
    thanx in adv
  2. Hard Rock Moslem
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    Hard Rock Moslem I'm your brother

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    Wa'alaikum salam sister. Alhamdulillah, may Allah make things easy for you.

    Welcome to do forum and let me assure you that you are in the right forum with the right brothers and sisters in Islam. Me too a revert, my parents said I was hindu previously. To answer to your question:

    The Sunnah is to fast on Monday and Thursday. The Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon Him) fasted the most in the month of Shabaan (1 month before Ramadan) according to the Mother of the believers Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her). After Ramadan, we also encouraged to fast for 6 days i.e in the month of Syawwal which is right after Ramadan. We are not allowed to fast on the eve of Ramadan and on the day of both Eids.

    The Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon Him) has discouraged fasting everyday, as per below Hadith:

    From Sahih Bukhari, narrated Abdullah bin Amr bin Aas:

    Allah's Apostle said to me, "O 'Abdullah! Have I not been informed that you fast during the day and offer prayers all the night." 'Abdullah replied, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet said, "Don't do that; fast for few days and then give it up for few days, offer prayers and also sleep at night, as your body has a right on you, and your wife has a right on you, and your guest has a right on you. And it is sufficient for you to fast three days in a month, as the reward of a good deed is multiplied ten times, so it will be like fasting throughout the year." I insisted (on fasting) and so I was given a hard instruction. I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have power." The Prophet said, "Fast like the fasting of the Prophet David (Dawood) and do not fast more than that." I said, "How was the fasting of the Prophet of Allah, David?" He said, "Half of the year," (i.e. he used to fast on every alternate day).
    Afterwards when 'Abdullah became old, he used to say, "It would have been better for me if I had accepted the permission of the Prophet (which he gave me i.e. to fast only three days a month)."

    Hope I correctly understand what you mean, fasting start from before the call for fajr prayer and ends until the call for magrib prayer. You can't fast for whole day i.e. 24 hours. Of course, Allah answers du'a of those who are fasting, so make more du'a when you are fasting.
  3. allah rakkah lav
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    allah rakkah lav i love allah alone

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    :hijabi:
    thank u bro
  4. Hard Rock Moslem
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    Hard Rock Moslem I'm your brother

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    Sister, it should be Monday and Thursday, not Friday. I've since amended.

    I feel giddy today not sure what is the reason. Better I go and take rest.
  5. allah rakkah lav
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    allah rakkah lav i love allah alone

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    oh god !! y u feel giddy bro (it might b 1 of d reasons lik nosleepi,nt havi food etc)??
    fine its well to take rest ...
    may allah bless u bro
  6. ahmed_indian
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    ahmed_indian to Allah we belong

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    fasting on friday alone is disliked as its day of eating and enjoying Allah's blessings.

    as u r new to Islam....i advice few Islamic books (to know the basics):

  7. allah rakkah lav
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    allah rakkah lav i love allah alone

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    thanx bro ..
    i'll read it n gain knowledge
  8. Fateme
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    Fateme Junior Member

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    That is funny not to fast on Fridays.as far as i know there is no preventation to fast on Fridays.Am i wrong?
  9. Mabsoot
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    Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

    Days on which it is prescribed to observe naafil (supererogatory) fasts
    (islamqa)

    Praise be to Allaah. By His Wisdom, Allaah has prescribed that His slaves should voluntarily seek to draw closer to Him, after performing the obligatory acts of worship, by doing more of the same kinds of acts of worship, and He has assigned to that great rewards, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that his Lord said:

    “My slave does not draw near to Me with anything more beloved to Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My slave continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I will love him, When I love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, he seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it.” (al-Bukhaari, 6502).

    Naafil fasts fall into two main categories:

    1 – General voluntary fasts (i.e., not restricted to any particular time or circumstances). The Muslim may observe a voluntary fast on any day of the year that he wishes, except those which are known to be forbidden, such as the two Eid days, on which fasting is haraam, and Ayaam al-Tashreeq (the three days following Eid al-Adha), on which fasting is haraam except on Hajj for those who do not have a hadiy (animal for sacrifice).

    Also excluded is deliberately singling out Friday for fasting, because it was reported that this is not allowed. One of the best forms of voluntary fasting is to fast alternate days for those who are able to do that, as it says in the hadeeth:

    “The most beloved prayer to Allaah is the prayer of Dawood (peace be upon him), and the most beloved fasting to Allaah is the fasting of Dawood. He used to sleep half the night, stand in prayer for one-third of the night, and sleep for one-sixth, and he used to fast alternate days.” (al-Bukhaari, 1131; Muslim, 1159).

    In order for this kind of fasting to be regarded as virtuous, it should not weaken a person and make him unable to do his primary duties, as it says in the hadeeth:

    “he used to fast alternate days, and he never ran away from battle (because he used to break his fast at times of jihad).”
    (al-Bukhaari, 1977; Muslim, 1159)

    2 – Specific voluntary fasts. These are superior to general voluntary fasts, and are of two types:

    The first type is fasts which are specific to a type of person, such as young men who cannot get married, as mentioned in the hadeeth of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him): “We were young men with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and we did not have anything (i.e., we could not afford to get married). The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to us, ‘O young men, whoever among you can afford to get married, then let him do so, for it is more effective in lowering the gaze and guarding chastity. And whoever is not able to do that, then let him fast, for that will be a shield for him.’” (al-Bukhaari, 5066; Muslim, 1400).

    This kind of fasting is more emphasized so long as a person is single, and this prescription is more emphatic the more provocation there is. There is no mention of any specific number of days in this case.
    The second type is fasts prescribed at specific times, which vary, with some being weekly, some monthly and some annual.

    The weekly fasts are on Monday and Thursday, on which days fasting is mustahabb. It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was keen to fast on Mondays and Thursdays.” (al-Nasaa’i, 2320; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer, 4827).

    The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, and he said: “Those are two days on which people’s deeds are shown to the Lord of the Worlds, and I want my deeds to be shown to Him when I am fasting.” (al-Nasaa’i, 2358; Ibn Maajah, 1740; Ahmad, 8161; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1583).

    He was asked about fasting on Mondays and he said, “On that day I was born and on that day revelation came to me.” (Muslim, 1162).

    With regard to the monthly fasts, it is mustahabb to fast on three days of each month. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “My close friend [i.e., the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)] advised me to do three things which I will never give up until I die: fasting three days each month, praying Duha, and sleeping after praying Witr.” (al-Bukhaari, 1178; Muslim, 721). It is mustahabb to observe this fast in the middle of the hijri month, on the days called Ayaam al-Beed. It was narrated that Abu Dharr said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me, ‘If you fast any part of the month then fast on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth.’” (al-Nasaa’i, 2424; Ibn Maajah, 1707; Ahmad, 210; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer, 673).

    Annual fasts are observed on specific days, or during periods when it is Sunnah to fast.

    The specific days include the following:
    1- The day of ‘Aashoora’ which is the tenth of Muharram. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Aashoora’. He said, “I do not know of any day on the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted that was better than this day and any month that was better than this month, meaning Ramadaan.” (al-Bukhaari, 2006; Muslim, 1132). It is Sunnah to fast the day before or the day after along with ‘Aashoora’, in order to be different from the Jews.

    2- The day of ‘Arafaah, which is the ninth day of Dhu’l-Hijjah. It is mustahabb only for those who are not standing in ‘Arafaah itself, as the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said concerning the virtue of the three fasts mentioned above: “The observance of three days' fast every month and that of Ramadan every year is equivalent to fasting for the entire year. I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of ‘Arafaah may atone for the sins of the preceding and the coming years, and I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of ‘Aashoora’ may atone for the sins of the preceding year.” (Muslim, 1162).

    The periods during which it is Sunnah to fast include the following:

    1- The month of Shawwaal. It is Sunnah to fast six days of Shawwaal, because the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan then fasts six days of Shawwaal, it is as if he fasted for a lifetime.” (Muslim, 1164). See also Question no. 7859.

    2- The month of Muharraam: it is Sunnah to fast whatever one can of this month, because of the hadeeth: “The best of fasting after Ramadaan is the month of Allaah Muharram, and the best of prayer after the obligatory prayers is prayer at night (qiyaam al-layl).” (Muslim, 1163).

    3- The month of Sha’baan, as it was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast until we thought that he would never break his fast, and he would not fast until we thought that he would never fast. I never saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fast an entire month apart from Ramadaan, and the month in which I saw him fast the most was Sha’baan. He used to fast all of Sha’baan or all of it apart from a few days.” (al-Bukhaari, 1969; Muslim, 1156).

    The Muslim who is keen to do good must realize the great virtue of performing voluntary fasts for the sake of Allaah, as it says in the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever fasts one day for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will keep his face seventy years’ distance from Hell,” (al-Nasaa’i, 2247; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Nasaa’i, 2121).

    We ask Allaah to make us among those whose faces He keeps far away from Hell and its heat, and to bless us with Paradise.

    With regard to the precise timing of Suhoor and Iftaar:

    As mentioned in the definition of fasting, fasting means abstaining from food, drink and all other things that break the fast from dawn until sunset, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
    “and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall”
    [al-Baqarah 2:187]

    So the fasting person must begin to abstain from things that break the fast when dawn begins and continue until the sun has set. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said concerning the time of iftaar: “When the night has come from here and the day has gone from here, and the sun has set, then let the fasting person break his fast.” (al-Bukhaari, 1818; Muslim, 1841).

    With regard to the time of suhoor, the majority of fuqaha’ said that it is the time from the last half of the night until the second dawn. It is Sunnah to delay it, according to the majority of scholars, so long as the second dawn has not begun, because of the verse quoted above and because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Hasten iftaar and delay suhoor.” (Narrated by al-Tabaraani and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3989).

    The purpose of suhoor is to give one strength to fast, so the closer it is to dawn the more effective it will be in helping one to fast. We ask Allaah to make us among those who adhere to His laws and act according to them. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad.
  10. Fateme
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    Fateme Junior Member

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    Huh?!new information all the time!
  11. Mabsoot
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    Assalamu alaykum

    I deleted some posts,

    It is NOT permissible to single out either Friday or Saturday for Fasting.

    The PRophet Muhammad (salallahu alayhi wa salam) never did that, nor did his Sahaba.

    The reason why it is forbidden to single out Friday for fasting

    Is it true that muslims are not supposed to keep nafil fast for one day .

    Praise be to Allaah. Singling out a day for observing a naafil fast is permissible, unless it is a Friday or Saturday, or it is the day of ‘Ashoora which is the tenth day of Muharram, in which case it is mustahabb to fast the day before or the day after as well.

    As for Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday, there is nothing wrong with fasting them on their own, rather it is Sunnah to fast on Mondays and Thursdays.

    Al-Bukhaari (1985) and Muslim (1144) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “No one of you should fast on Friday, unless he fasts (a day) before it or after it.”

    According to a report narrated by Muslim: “do not single out the day of Friday for fasting, unless that coincides with a fast that one habitually observes.”

    Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: These ahaadeeth appear to support the view of the majority of the companions of al-Shaafa’i, which is that it is makrooh to single out Friday for fasting unless that happens to coincide with a fast that one habitually observes. If he joins it to a fast on the day before or the day after, or it coincides with a day that he habitually fasts, such as if he vowed to fast on the day that a loved one was healed for the rest of his life, and that happens to be a Friday, then it is not makrooh, because of these ahaadeeth.

    The scholars said: The reason why it is forbidden is that Friday is a day of du’aa’, dhikr and worship, such as ghusl, going to the prayer early and waiting for the prayer, listening to the khutbah and reciting a lot of dhikr after it, because Allaah says: “Then when the (Jumu‘ah) Salaah (prayer) is ended, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allaah (by working), and remember Allaah much” [al-Jumu’ah 62:10].

    And there are other acts of worship to be done on this day, so it is mustahabb not to fast then, so that one will have more energy to do these duties and perform them in an energetic manner and be happy to do them and enjoy them without feeling bored or tired. This is like the pilgrim on the day of ‘Arafah in ‘Arafah: the Sunnah is for him not to fast, as stated above.

    If it is said: If that was the case, the prohibition would still apply to fasting the day before or the day after, because the reason still applies, the response to that is that he will attain reward for fasting the day before or the day after, which will make up for any shortfall in his duties on Friday that occurs because of his fasting. This is the correct view on the wisdom behind not singling out Friday for fasting.
    And it was said that the reason is that there is the fear of going to extremes in venerating Friday, so that become infatuated with it as some people became infatuated about Saturday. But this is a weak view which is contradicted by the fact the Muslims offer Jumu’ah prayer and do other acts which are an expression of veneration of that day.
    And it was said that the reason for this prohibition is lest it be thought that it is obligatory. This is a weak view which is contradicted by the fact that it is recommended to fast on Mondays, so no attention should be paid to this unlikely notion. Similarly it is recommended to fast on the day of ‘Arafah and the day of ‘Ashoora’ and so on. The correct view is that which we have stated above, and Allaah knows best. End quote.
    As for Saturday, it is makrooh to single it out for fasting. The reason for that is that when a person fasts he becomes weak and he omits some things that he used to do, so he becomes like the Jews who do not work on Saturday. That has been discussed in the answer to question no. (the reason why it is forbidden to fast on Saturdays). [106500]

    The reason why it is forbidden to fast on Saturdays
    Question:
    I have read on your site that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade fasting on Saturdays. What is the reason for this prohibition?

    Answer:

    Praise be to Allaah.
    It is makrooh to single out Saturday for fasting. Some of them gave the reason as being that it is the eid of the Jews. But more important than that is the fact that it is a day on which the Jews refrain from working, and they rest on that day. If the Muslim were to fast on that day, the fast would keep him from working, and he would give up some things that he used to do because of his fast, because fasting makes one thirsty and hungry, so he would be like the Jews in not working on this day. End quote.

    Fataawa al-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem (may Allaah be pleased with him) (4/306).

    With regard to ‘Ashoora’, Muslim (1134) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora’ and enjoined this fast, they said: O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Next year – in sha Allaah – we will fast on the ninth day.” He said: But the next year the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had passed away.

    According to another report: “If I live until next year, I shall fast the ninth.”

    Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Some of the scholars said: Perhaps the reason why the ninth is to be fasted as well as the tenth is so as not to resemble the Jews by singling out the tenth. The hadeeth indicates this. And it was said that it was so as to be on the safe side and ensure that you are fasting on the tenth. But the first is more likely to be correct. And Allaah knows best. End quote.

    It should be clear to you that defining the reason behind it is something concerning which the scholars exercised ijtihaad, and you have seen that al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) regarded as mistaken the views which tried to explain why it is forbidden to single out Fridays for fasting.

    Hence the Muslim should submit to the rule of sharee’ah, whether he understands the reason and wisdom behind it or not. He should accept and submit to the words of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allaah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allaah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed into a plain error”
    [al-Ahzaab 33:36]

    May Allaah help us and you to do that which He loves and which pleases Him. And Allaah knows best.

    Islam Q&A
  12. a_muslimah86
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    Yes there is a "prevention" regarding the fast of Friday..though it is *conditional*...how you may ask?

    If Friday falls on a day of another fast such as 'Ashura'a..'Arafa..The Fast of Dawood..et cetra..then fasting on Friday is permissible..because the intention is that of fasting a fast permitted by the Sharia..

    If one is to fast Friday because they believe the day possesses a significance..and thus they're setting an *exclusivity* upon it...then their fast is not permissible..one because Rasulullah (saaws) forbade making fasts on Fridays *exclusively and specifically*..and two because they would be committing a bida'ah (innovation)...which is of course greatly prohibited..

    For scholarly explanations..please read the following:


    Ruling on singling out Friday for fasting ---> http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/20049/%D8%B5%D9%88%D9%85%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A9

    How is the fast of Dawood (as) observed?, and how can that be reconciled with the prohibition of fasting on Fridays? (the first segment of the ruling is the one more relevant to your question) ---> http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/47819/صوم الجمعة

    As for sister allah rakkah lav...then ukhti you will find this link very helpful in answering your enquiry...

    Days on which it is prescribed to observe naafil (supererogatory) fasts ---> http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/21979/صوم التطوع

    :wasalam:

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