haram and halal E codes

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    E codes ingredients

    E codes are codes sometimes found on food labels in the European Union (GB, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Portugal, etc.) The code indicates an ingredient which is some type of food additive. The E indicates that it is a "European Union approved" food additive.

    If you never saw one before, probably you don't live in the European Union. Other countries have different food labelling laws. Even inside the EU, sometimes they use the code, sometimes they still write the word.

    Halal: Halal is a Quranic term which means allowed or lawful. Halal foods and drinks are permitted for consumption by Allah-the Supreme Law Giver. Eating Halal is obligatory on every Muslim.

    Haram: Haram is a Quranic term which means prohibited or unlawful. Haram foods and drinks are absolutely prohibited by Allah. Eating Haram is forbidden for every Muslim.

    Mushbooh: Mushbooh is an Arabic term which means suspected and cover a grey area between Halal and Haraam. If one does not know the Halal or Harm status of a particular food or drink, such a food or drink is doubtful. A practicing Muslims prevents himself from consuming doubtful things.

    Other words you may come across are Makrooh meaning ‘religiously discouraged’ or ‘disliked’ and Dhabiha meaning ‘slaughtered according to Islamic method’.



    E Codes:

    E100 Curcumin, turmeric [Colouring] halal

    E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), formerly called lactoflavin (Vitamin G) [Colouring] [likely to be GM] mushbooh

    E101a Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate [Colouring] [likely to be GM] mushbooh

    E102 Tartrazine [Colouring] [possible allergic reaction] halal

    E103 Chrysoine Resorcinol [Colouring] ?

    E104 Quinoline Yellow [Colouring] [possible allergic reaction] halal

    E105 Fast Yellow AB [Colouring] ?

    E106 Riboflavin-5-Sodium Phosphate [Colouring] mushbooh

    E107 Yellow 2G [Colouring] ?

    E110 Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S [Colouring] halal

    E111 Orange GGN [Colouring] ?

    E120 Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines [Colouring] [animal origin] haram

    E121 Orcein, Orchil [Colouring] ?

    E122 Carmoisine, Azorubine [Colouring] halal

    E123 Amaranth [Colouring] halal

    E124 Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R [Colouring] halal

    E125 Scarlet GN [Colouring] ?

    E126 Ponceau 6R [Colouring] ?

    E127 Erythrosine [Colouring] halal

    E128 Red 2G [Colouring] halal

    E129 Allura Red AC [Colouring] halal

    E130 Indanthrene blue RS [Colouring] ?

    E131 Patent Blue V [Colouring] halal

    E132 Indigo carmine, Indigotine [Colouring] halal

    E133 Brilliant Blue FCF [Colouring] halal

    E140 Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins: (i) Chlorophylls (ii) Chlorophyllins [Colouring] haram

    E141 Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (i) Copper complexes of chlorophylls (ii) Copper complexes of chlorophyllins [Colouring] haram

    E142 Greens S [Colouring] [possible allergic reaction] halal

    E150a Plain Caramel [Colouring] [likely to be GM] halal

    E150b Caustic sulphite caramel [Colouring] [likely to be GM] halal

    E150c Ammonia caramel [Colouring] [likely to be GM] halal

    E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel [Colouring] [likely to be GM] halal

    E151 Black PN, Brilliant Black BN [Colouring] halal

    E152 Black 7984 [Colouring] ?

    E153 Carbon black, Vegetable carbon [Colouring] [likely to be GM] mushbooh

    E154 Brown FK, Kipper Brown [Colouring] halal

    E155 Brown HT, Chocolate brown HT [Colouring] halal

    E160a Alpha-carotene, Beta-carotene, Gamma-carotene [Colouring] mushbooh

    E160b Annatto, bixin, norbixin [Colouring] halal

    E160c Capsanthin, capsorubin, Paprika extract [Colouring] halal

    E160d Lycopene [Colouring] [possibly GM] halal

    E160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C 30) [Colouring] halal

    E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid (C 30) [Colouring] halal

    E161a Flavoxanthin [Colouring] mushbooh

    E161b Lutein [Colouring] haram

    E161c Cryptoaxanthin [Colouring] [likely to be GM] halal

    E161d Rubixanthin [Colouring] halal

    E161e Violaxanthin [Colouring] halal

    E161f Rhodoxanthin [Colouring] halal

    E161g Canthaxanthin [Colouring] haram

    E162 Beetroot Red, Betanin [Colouring] halal

    E163 Anthocyanins [Colouring] halal

    E170 Calcium carbonate [Colouring] halal

    E171 Titanium dioxide [Colouring] halal

    E172 Iron oxides and hydroxides [Colouring] halal

    E173 Aluminium [Colouring] halal

    E174 Silver [Colouring] halal

    E175 Gold [Colouring] halal

    E180 Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK [Colouring] halal

    E181 Tannin ?

    E200 Sorbic acid [Preservative] halal

    E201 Sodium sorbate [Preservative] halal

    E202 Potassium sorbate [Preservative] halal

    E203 Calcium sorbate [Preservative] halal

    E210 Benzoic acid [Preservative] halal

    E211 Sodium benzoate [Preservative] halal

    E212 Potassium benzoate [Preservative] halal

    E213 Calcium benzoate [Preservative] halal

    E214 Ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate [Preservative] halal

    E215 Sodium ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate [Preservative] halal

    E216 Propyl para-hydroxybenzoate [Preservative] halal

    E217 Sodium propyl para-hydroxybenzoate [Preservative] halal

    E218 Methyl para-hydroxybenzoate [Preservative] halal

    E219 Sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate [Preservative] halal

    E220 Sulphur dioxide [Preservative] halal

    E221 Sodium sulphite [Preservative] halal

    E222 Sodium hydrogen sulphite [Preservative] halal

    E223 Sodium metabisulphite [Preservative] halal

    E224 Potassium metabisulphite [Preservative] halal

    E225 Sodium sulphite [Preservative] ?

    E226 Calcium sulphite [Preservative] halal

    E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite [Preservative] [Firming Agent] halal

    E228 Potassium hydrogen sulphite [Preservative] ?

    E230 Biphenyl, diphenyl [Preservative] halal

    E231 Orthophenyl phenol [Preservative] halal

    E232 Sodium orthophenyl phenol [Preservative] halal

    E233 Thiabendazole [Preservative] halal

    E234 Nisin [Preservative] ?

    E235 Natamycin, Pimaracin [Preservative] halal

    E236 Formic acid [Preservative] halal

    E237 Sodium formiate [Preservative] halal

    E238 Calcium formiate [Preservative] halal

    E239 Hexamethylene tetramine, Hexamine [Preservative] halal

    E240 Formaldehyde [Preservative] ?

    E242 Dimethyl dicarbonate [Preservative] halal

    E249 Potassium nitrite [Preservative] halal

    E250 Sodium nitrite [Preservative] halal

    E251 Sodium nitrate, saltpetre [Preservative] halal

    E252 Potassium nitrate (Saltpetre) [Preservative] haram

    E260 Acetic acid [Preservative] [Acidity regulator] halal

    E261 Potassium acetate [Preservative] [Acidity regulator] halal

    E262 Sodium acetates (i) Sodium acetate (ii) Sodium hydrogen acetate (sodium diacetate) [Preservative] [Acidity regulator] halal

    E263 Calcium acetate [Preservative] [Acidity regulator] halal

    E264 Ammonium acetate [Preservative] ?

    E270 Lactic acid [Preservative] [Acid] [Antioxidant] halal

    E280 Propionic acid [Preservative] halal

    E281 Sodium propionate [Preservative] halal

    E282 Calcium propionate [Preservative] halal

    E283 Potassium propionate [Preservative] halal

    E284 Boric acid [Preservative] halal

    E285 Sodium tetraborate (borax) [Preservative] halal

    E290 Carbon dioxide [Acidity regulator] halal

    E296 Malic acid [Acid] [Acidity regulator] halal

    E297 Fumaric acid [Acidity regulator] halal

    E300 Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) [Antioxidant] halal

    E301 Sodium ascorbate [Antioxidant] halal

    E302 Calcium ascorbate [Antioxidant] halal

    E303 Potassium ascorbate [Antioxidant] ?

    E304 Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid (i) Ascorbyl palmitate (ii) Ascorbyl stearate [Antioxidant] mushbooh

    E306 Tocopherol-rich extract (natural) [Antioxidant] halal

    E307 Alpha-tocopherol (synthetic) [Antioxidant] halal

    E308 Gamma-tocopherol (synthetic) [Antioxidant] halal

    E309 Delta-tocopherol (synthetic) [Antioxidant] halal

    E310 Propyl gallate [Antioxidant] halal

    E311 Octyl gallate [Antioxidant] halal

    E312 Dodecyl gallate [Antioxidant] halal

    E315 Erythorbic acid [Antioxidant] halal

    E316 Sodium erythorbate [Antioxidant] halal

    E317 Erythorbin acid [Antioxidant] ?

    E318 Sodium erythorbin [Antioxidant] ?

    E319 Butylhydroxinon [Antioxidant] ?

    E320 Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) [Antioxidant] halal

    E321 Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) [Antioxidant] halal

    E322 Lecithin [Emulsifier] mushbooh; halal if it is from soy fat or egg yolk; haram if it is from animal fat



    E325 Sodium lactate [Antioxidant] halal

    E326 Potassium lactate [Antioxidant] [Acidity regulator] halal

    E327 Calcium lactate [Antioxidant] [possibly of animal origin] halal

    E329 Magnesium lactate [Antioxidant] ?

    E330 Citric acid [Antioxidant] halal

    E331 Sodium citrates (i) Monosodium citrate (ii) Disodium citrate (iii) Trisodium citrate [Antioxidant] halal

    E332 Potassium citrates (i) Monopotassium citrate (ii) Tripotassium citrate [Antioxidant] halal

    E333 Calcium citrates (i) Monocalcium citrate (ii) Dicalcium citrate (iii) Tricalcium citrate [Acidity regulator] [Firming Agent] halal

    E334 Tartaric acid (L(+)-) [Acid] [Antioxidant] halal

    E335 Sodium tartrates (i) Monosodium tartrate (ii) Disodium tartrate [Antioxidant] halal

    E336 Potassium tartrates (i) Monopotassium tartrate (cream of tartar) (ii) Dipotassium tartrate [Antioxidant] halal

    E337 Sodium potassium tartrate [Antioxidant] halal

    E338 Phosphoric acid [Antioxidant] halal

    E339 Sodium phosphates (i) Monosodium phosphate (ii) Disodium phosphate (iii) Trisodium phosphate [Antioxidant] mushbooh

    E340 Potassium phosphates (i) Monopotassium phosphate (ii) Dipotassium phosphate (iii) Tripotassium phosphate [Antioxidant] mushbooh

    E341 Calcium phosphates (i) Monocalcium phosphate (ii) Dicalcium phosphate (iii) Tricalcium phosphate [Anti-caking agent] [Firming Agent] mushbooh

    E343 Magnesium phosphates (i) monomagnesium phosphate (ii) Dimagnesium phosphate [Anti-caking agent] ?

    E350 Sodium malates (i) Sodium malate (ii) Sodium hydrogen malate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E351 Potassium malate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E352 Calcium malates (i) Calcium malate (ii) Calcium hydrogen malate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E353 Metatartaric acid [Emulsifier] halal

    E354 Calcium tartrate [Emulsifier] ?

    E355 Adipic acid [Acidity regulator] halal

    E356 Sodium adipate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E357 Potassium adipate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E363 Succinic acid [Acidity regulator] halal

    E365 Sodium fumarate [Acidity regulator] ?

    E366 Potassium fumarate [Acidity regulator] ?

    E367 Calcium fumarate[Acidity regulator] ?

    E370 I,4-Heptonolactone [Acidity regulator] ?

    E375 Nicotinic acid, Niacin, Nicotinamide [Colour Retention Agent] ?

    E380 Triammonium citrate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E381 Ammoniumferrocitrate [Acidity regulator] ?

    E385 Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate (Calcium disodium EDTA) halal

    E400 Alginic acid [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier] halal

    E401 Sodium alginate [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier] halal

    E402 Potassium alginate [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier] halal

    E403 Ammonium alginate [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] halal

    E404 Calcium alginate [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier] halal

    E405 Propane-1,2-diol alginate (Propylene glycol alginate) [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] halal

    E406 Agar [Thickener] [Gelling agent] [Stabiliser] halal

    E407 Carrageenan [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier] [possible allergic reaction] halal

    E407a Processed eucheuma seaweed [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier] ?

    E410 Locust bean gum (Carob gum) [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier] halal

    E412 Guar gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser] halal

    E413 Tragacanth [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] halal

    E414 Acacia gum (gum arabic) [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] halal

    E415 Xanthan gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser] halal

    E416 Karaya gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] halal

    E417 Tara gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser] halal

    E418 Gellan gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] halal

    E420 Sorbitol (i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup [Emulsifier] [Sweetener] [Humectant] halal

    E421 Mannitol [Anti-caking agent] [Sweetener] halal

    E422 Glycerol [Emulsifier] [Sweetener] [possibly of animal origin] mushbooh

    E425 Konjac (i) Konjac gum (ii) Konjac glucomannane [Emulsifier] ?

    E430 Polyoxyethylene (8) stearate [Emulsifier] [Stabiliser] [possible allergic reaction] haram

    E431 Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate [Emulsifier] haram

    E432 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20) [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E433 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80) [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E434 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40) [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E435 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60) [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E436 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65) [Emulsifier] [possibly of animal origin] mushbooh

    E440 Pectins (i) pectin (ii) amidated pectin [Emulsifier] halal

    E441 Gelatine [Emulsifier] [Gelling agent] [animal origin] haram

    E442 Ammonium phosphatides [Emulsifier] halal

    E444 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate [Emulsifier] halal

    E445 Glycerol esters of wood rosins [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E450 Diphosphates (i) Disodium diphosphate (ii) Trisodium diphosphate(iii) Tetrasodium diphosphate (iv) Dipotassium diphosphate (v) Tetrapotassium diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium diphosphate (vii) Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate [Emulsifier] halal

    E451 Triphosphates (i) Pentasodium triphosphate (ii) Pentapotassium triphosphate [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E452 Polyphosphates (i) Sodium polyphosphates (ii) Potassium polyphosphates (iii) Sodium calcium polyphosphate (iv) Calcium polyphophates [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E459 Beta-cyclodextrine [Emulsifier] ?

    E460 Cellulose (i) Microcrystalline cellulose (ii) Powdered cellulose [Emulsifier] halal

    E461 Methyl cellulose [Emulsifier] halal

    E462 Ethyl cellulose [Emulsifier] ?

    E463 Hydroxy propyl cellulose [Emulsifier] halal

    E464 Hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose [Emulsifier] halal

    E465 Ethyl methyl cellulose [Emulsifier] halal

    E466 Carboxy methyl cellulose, Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose [Emulsifier] halal

    E468 Crosslinked sodium carboxymethyl cellulose [Emulsifier] ?

    E469 Enzymically hydrolysed carboxymethylcellulose [Emulsifier] ?

    E470a Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [Anti-caking agent] mushbooh

    E470b Magnesium salts of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [Anti-caking agent] mushbooh

    E471 Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl distearate) [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E472a Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E472b Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E472c Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E472d Tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E472e Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E472f Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E474 Sucroglycerides [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E476 Polyglycerol polyricinoleate [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E477 Propane-1, 2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E478 Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propane-1 [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E479b Thermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] halal

    E481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate [Emulsifier] halal

    E482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate [Emulsifier] halal

    E483 Stearyl tartrate [Emulsifier] halal

    E491 Sorbitan monostearate [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E492 Sorbitan tristearate [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E493 Sorbitan monolaurate [Emulsifier] halal

    E494 Sorbitan monooleate [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E495 Sorbitan monopalmitate [Emulsifier] mushbooh

    E500 Sodium carbonates (i) Sodium carbonate (ii) Sodium hydrogen carbonate (Bicarbonate of soda) (iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate [Acidity regulator] [Raising Agent] halal

    E501 Potassium carbonates (i) Potassium carbonate (ii) Potassium hydrogen carbonate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E503 Ammonium carbonates (i) Ammonium carbonate (ii) Ammonium hydrogen carbonate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E504 Magnesium carbonates (i) Magnesium carbonate (ii) Magnesium hydroxide carbonate (syn. Magnesium hydrogen carbonate) [Acidity regulator] [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E507 Hydrochloric acid [Acid] halal

    E508 Potassium chloride [Gelling agent] [Seasoning] halal

    E509 Calcium chloride [Sequestrant] [Firming Agent] halal

    E510 Ammonium chloride, ammonia solution [Acidity regulator] [Improving agent] halal

    E511 Magnesium chloride [Firming Agent] halal

    E512 Stannous chloride [Antioxidant] halal

    E513 Sulphuric acid [Acid] halal

    E514 Sodium sulphates (i) Sodium sulphate (ii) Sodium hydrogen sulphate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E515 Potassium sulphates (i) Potassium sulphate (ii) Potassium hydrogen sulphate [Seasoning] halal

    E516 Calcium sulphate [Sequestrant] [Improving agent] [Firming Agent] halal

    E517 Ammonium sulphate [Improving agent] halal

    E518 Magnesium sulphate, Epsom salts [Acidity regulator] [Firming Agent] halal

    E519 Copper sulphate [Preservative] halal

    E520 Aluminium sulphate [Firming Agent] halal

    E521 Aluminium sodium sulphate [Firming Agent] halal

    E522 Aluminium potassium sulphate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E523 Aluminium ammonium sulphate [Acidity regulator] halal

    E524 Sodium hydroxide [Acidity regulator] halal

    E525 Potassium hydroxide [Acidity regulator] halal

    E526 Calcium hydroxide [Acidity regulator] [Firming Agent] halal

    E527 Ammonium hydroxide [Acidity regulator] halal

    E528 Magnesium hydroxide [Acidity regulator] halal

    E529 Calcium oxide [Acidity regulator] [Improving agent] halal

    E530 Magnesium oxide [Acidity regulator] [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E535 Sodium ferrocyanide [Acidity regulator] [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E536 Potassium ferrocyanide [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E538 Calcium ferrocyanide [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E540 Dicalcium diphosphate [Acidity regulator] [Emulsifier] halal

    E541 Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidic [Emulsifier] halal

    E542 Bone phosphate [Anti-caking agent] [animal origin] haram

    E543 Calcium sodium polyphosphate halal

    E544 Calcium polyphosphate [Emulsifier] halal

    E545 Aluminium polyphosphate [Emulsifier] ?

    E550 Sodium silicate [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E551 Silicon dioxide (Silica) [Emulsifier] [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E552 Calcium silicate [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E553a (i) Magnesium silicate (ii) Magnesium trisilicate [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E553b Talc [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E554 Sodium aluminium silicate [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E555 Potassium aluminium silicate [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E556 Calcium aluminium silicate [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E558 Bentonite [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E559 Aluminium silicate (Kaolin) [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E570 Stearic acid (Fatty acid) [Anti-caking agent] mushbooh

    E572 Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate [Emulsifier] [Anti-caking agent] mushbooh

    E574 Gluconic acid [Acidity regulator] halal

    E575 Glucono-delta-lactone [Acidity regulator] [Sequestrant] halal

    E576 Sodium gluconate [Sequestrant] halal

    E577 Potassium gluconate [Sequestrant] halal

    E578 Calcium gluconate [Firming Agent] halal

    E579 Ferrous gluconate [Colouring] halal

    E585 Ferrous lactate [Colouring] halal

    E620 Glutamic acid [Flavour enhancer] mushbooh

    E621 Monosodium glutamate [Flavour enhancer] mushbooh

    E622 Monopotassium glutamate [Flavour enhancer] mushbooh

    E623 Calcium diglutamate [Flavour enhancer] mushbooh

    E624 Monoammonium glutamate [Flavour enhancer] mushbooh

    E625 Magnesium diglutamate [Flavour enhancer] mushbooh

    E626 Guanylic acid [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E627 Disodium guanylate, sodium guanylate [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E628 Dipotassium guanylate [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E629 Calcium guanylate [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E630 Inosinic acid [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E631 Disodium inosinate [Flavour enhancer] [possibly of animal origin] mushbooh

    E632 Dipotassium inosinate [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E633 Calcium inosinate [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E634 Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides [Flavour enhancer] haram

    E635 Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides [Flavour enhancer] [possibly of animal origin] haram

    E636 Maltol [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E637 Ethyl maltol [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E640 Glycine and its sodium salt [Flavour enhancer] [possibly of animal origin] mushbooh

    E900 Dimethyl polysiloxane [Anti-foaming agent] [Anti-caking agent] halal

    E901 Beeswax, white and yellow [Glazing agent] [animal origin] halal

    E902 Candelilla wax [Glazing agent] halal

    E903 Carnauba wax [Glazing agent] [possible allergic reaction] halal

    E904 Shellac [Glazing agent] [animal origin] halal

    E905 Microcrystalline wax [Glazing agent] ?

    E907 Crystalline wax [Glazing agent] halal

    E910 L-cysteine [animal origin] halal

    E912 Montanic acid esters halal

    E913 Lanolin, sheep wool grease [Glazing agent] halal

    E914 Oxidized polyethylene wax [Glazing agent] halal

    E915 Esters of Colophane [Glazing agent] halal

    E920 L-cysteine hydrochloride [Improving agent] [animal origin] haram

    E921 L-cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate [Improving agent] [animal origin] haram

    E924 Potassium bromate [Improving agent] ?

    E925 Chlorine [Preservative] [Bleach] halal

    E926 Chlorine dioxide [Preservative] [Bleach] halal

    E927b Carbamide [Improving agent] halal

    E928 Benzole peroxide [Improving agent] ?

    E938 Argon [Packaging gas] halal

    E939 Helium [Packaging gas] halal

    E941 Nitrogen [Packaging gas] halal

    E942 Nitrous oxide [Propellant] halal

    E948 Oxygen [Packaging gas] halal

    E950 Acesulfame K [Sweetener] halal

    E951 Aspartame [Sweetener] halal

    E952 Cyclamic acid and its Na and Ca salts [Sweetener] halal

    E953 Isomalt [Sweetener] halal

    E954 Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca salts [Sweetener] halal

    E957 Thaumatin [Sweetener] [Flavour enhancer] halal

    E959 Neohesperidine DC [Sweetener] halal

    E965 Maltitol (i) Maltitol (ii) Maltitol syrup [Sweetener] [Stabiliser] [Humectant] halal

    E966 Lactitol [Sweetener] [animal origin] halal

    E967 Xylitol [Sweetener] halal

    E999 Quillaia extract [Foaming Agent] halal

    E1103 Invertase [Stabiliser] halal

    E1105 Lysozyme [Preservative] haram

    E1200 Polydextrose [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] [Humectant] [Carrier] halal

    E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone [Stabiliser] halal

    E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone [Carrier] [Stabiliser] halal

    E1400 Dextrin [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1401 Modified starch [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] ?

    E1402 Alkaline modified starch [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1403 Bleached starch [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] ?

    E1404 Oxidized starch [Emulsifier] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1410 Monostarch phosphate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1412 Distarch phosphate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate [Emulsifier] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1420 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1421 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] ?

    E1422 Acetylated distarch adipate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1430 Distarch glycerine [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] ?

    E1440 Hydroxy propyl starch [Emulsifier] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1441 Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerine [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]

    E1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate [Emulsifier] [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] halal

    E1451 Acetylated oxidised starch [Emulsifier] [Thickening agent] ?

    E1505 Triethyl citrate [Foam Stabiliser] halal

    E1510 Ethanon ?

    E1518 Glyceryl triacetate (triacetin) [Humectant] mushbooh

    E1520 Propylene glycol [Humectant] Propylene glycol?



    This ingredient list is for information only and not complete. The judgment and the validity of this information are left to the user. I’m not responsible or liable for any action based on this information. If you have any comments or suggestions, send me an Email

    :tti_sister: May Allah keep us away from haram things.
  2. Shishani
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    Shishani moderator Staff Member

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    Foods produced in the West, such as gelatin
    http://islamqa.com/en/ref/210

    For a great time now my community and I have been concerned with the issue of foods such as Gelatin, mono and dyglycerides, pepsin and rennetAll these thing are in our foods today and yet we do not know what we can eat and the reason for each. PLease give me a very detailed response that could end this trouble.

    Praise be to Allaah.

    Allaah has blessed His slaves by creating for them all kinds of provision on earth, and He has permitted them to eat from that which is halaal (permissible) and good; this includes very many things, it is not limited. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaytaan (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy.” [al-Baqarah 2:168]

    Allaah forbids a limited number of foods, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “Say (O Muhammad): “I find not in that which has been revealed to me anything forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be Maitah (a dead animal) or blood poured forth (by slaughtering or the like), or the flesh of swine (pork); for that surely, is impure or impious (unlawful) meat (of an animal) which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allaah (or has been slaughtered for idols, or on which Allaah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering).” [al-An’aam 6:145]

    The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade the eating of every carnivorous animal that has fangs, and every bird which has talons. (Narrated by Muslim, 6/60)

    And he forbade the flesh of (domestic) donkeys (narrated by al-Mukhari in al-Fath, no. 4215).

    Of the foods which are to be found nowadays, some of them are clearly haraam, such as dead meat [from an animal which has died naturally as opposed to being slaughtered properly] and pork. Some foods may contain ingredients and derivatives which come from haraam sources, so we have to find out where they come from so that we may know what the ruling is concerning them. The gelatin which was mentioned in the question may originate from the skin, muscles and bones of haraam animals such as pigs. Hence gelatin which is derived from collagen which comes from pigs is haraam, because it is as if the pig had been turned into salt. The most correct view is that it is haraam even if it has been changed, so long as it originally came from a pig, which is haraam.

    The fats which are used in foods come either from vegetable sources or animal sources.

    If they come from vegetable sources they are halaal, so long as they have not been mixed with anything that is impure (najjis) or anything that could contaminate them. If they come from animal sources, they are either from animals that we are permitted to eat or animals that we are not permitted to eat.

    If they come from an animal that we are permitted to eat, then they come under the same ruling as the meat of that animal.

    If they come from an animal which it is haraam for us to eat – such as pigs – then we look at whether they are used in foods or for other purposes.

    If they are used for non-food purposes, e.g. many fats are used in making soap, then there is a difference of scholarly opinion, but the most correct view is that they are haraam.

    If they are used in foods, e.g., pig fat (lard) is used in making sweets and other foods, this is haraam.

    With regard to cheese: if it is made from the milk of an animal which we are not permitted to eat, then according to scholarly consensus it is not permissible to eat it. If it is made from the milk of an animal which we are permitted to eat, and it is known that it is made with rennet that has been derived from an animal slaughtered according to sharee’ah and it has not been mixed with any najaasah (impurity), then it may be eaten.

    If it was made with rennet derived from dead meat, there is a difference of scholarly opinion as to whether we may eat it, but the most correct view is that it is haraam.

    If it was made with rennet from a source which is inherently naajis (impure), such as rennet derived from pigs, then it should not be eaten.

    See Ahkaam al-At’imah fi’l-Sharee’ah al-Islamiyyah by al-Tareeqi, p. 482

    In many cases these matters are unclear to the Muslim (he does not know the source of food ingredients). In this case, it is better to fear Allaah and be cautious. Avoiding doubtful things may be preferable to using them in these circumstances, as stated in the hadeeth narrated by al-Nu’maan ibn Basheer (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say – and al-Nu’maan pointed to his ears – “That which is lawful is plain and that which is unlawful is plain, and between the two of them there are doubtful matters about which not many people know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honour, but he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allaah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh which, if it is sound, all the body is sound and which, if it is corrupt, all of it will be corrupt. Truly it is the heart.”

    (Narrated by Muslim, 1599).

    From the above we learn that the basic principle concerning food is that it is halaal, apart from those things for which there is clear evidence (daleel) that they are haraam, such as dead meat, blood, animals sacrificed to other than Allaah and meat over which the name of Allaah was not pronounced at the time of slaughter. Concerning the foods mentioned in the question: if it is proven that they contain ingredients derived from haraam sources, it is necessary to avoid them, otherwise they need not be avoided. If you are not sure whether they contain anything haraam or not – without being paranoid or succumbing to the waswaas (insinuating whispers of the Shaytaan) – then it is preferable to avoid them as a precaution out of fear of Allaah.

    And Allaah knows best.
    Islam Q&A
    Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid​
  3. Shishani
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    Shishani moderator Staff Member

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    Ruling on using materials to which “animal glycerine” has been added
    http://islamqa.com/en/ref/97541

    What is the ruling on using materials to which “animal glycerine” has been added, such as toothpaste, shampoo and body moisturizers. What is the ruling on mono-glyceride and di-glyceride, which are added to some kinds of bread? Is the basic principle that one should check or ask about the source of these materials, and find out whether they are animal or vegetable? Is checking on these things regarded as a kind of going to extremes? How should we respond to those who say that the basic principle is that a thing is permissible so long as it is not mixed with anything haraam? Or those who say that religion is easy and we should not go to extremes or ask too much?.

    Praise be to Allaah.

    Firstly:

    The materials which are used to manufacture creams, shampoos, toothpaste and soap are either:

    1. Animal fats

    2. or other substances, of vegetable origin or artificial.

    If the substance comes from animal fats, then it is of two types:

    (a) Either it comes from animals that are permissible to eat, and it has been slaughtered according to sharee’ah, or it comes from sea creatures that do not need to be slaughtered. The ruling in this case is that it is permissible, with no doubt.

    (b) Or it comes from animals whose meat and fat are forbidden to eat, such as pigs, or it comes from a permissible animal but it has not been slaughtered in the proper shar’i manner, so it is “dead meat”. The ruling in both cases is that it is haraam, with no doubt.

    The scholars of the Standing Committee said:

    If a Muslim is certain or thinks it most likely that meat, fat or ground bones of a pig have got into any food, medicine or toothpaste etc, then it is not permissible for him to eat it, drink it or use it. In the case of doubt, then he should not use it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt.”

    Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Razzaaq ‘Afeefi, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghadyaan, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Qa’ood.

    Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (22/281).

    In a statement issued by the Islamic Medical Sciences Organization in Kuwait – which discussed the issue of haraam and impure substances in food and medicine, from 22-24 Dhu’l-Hijjah 1415 AH/ 22-24 May 1995 – it says:

    [6.] Food substances which include pork fat in their ingredients which has not undergone any process to change it to something different, like some kinds of cheese, oils, fats, ghee, butter and some kinds of biscuits, chocolate and ice cream, are haraam, and it is not permissible to eat them at all, based on the consensus of the scholars that pork fat is impure (naajis) and it is not permissible to eat it, and because there is no need to consume this substance. End quote.

    Secondly:

    It may become halaal if the fat has turned (via some process) into something else, so that it is no longer called fat and does not have the characteristics of fat. If that is the case then it does not come under the same ruling. This is what the scholars call istihaalah (process to change a substance to something else) and it may be looked at from two angles. That which was good and permissible but has become bad and impure, is now haraam, and that which was bad and impure but has become permissible and good is now halaal.

    Ibn al-Qayyim said:

    Based on this principle, alcohol is impure, even though its origin is pure. If the reason for its being regarded as impure is no longer present, then it is to be regarded as pure. This is the basis of sharee’ah and the basis of reward and punishment.

    Based on this, the correct analogy is that this principle may be applicable to all other impurities if they have gone through a process of change. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) removed the remains of the mushrikeen from the site of his mosque, but he did not remove the soil. And Allaah says of milk that it comes “from between excretions and blood” [al-Nahl 16:66]. The Muslims are unanimously agreed that if an animal eats impure things, but it is then detained and fed with pure things, its milk and meat become permissible. The same applies to crops and fruits: if they are watered with impure water, but are then watered with pure water, they become permissible, because of the change (istihaalah) in the impure thing, which becomes pure. The converse also applies: if the pure thing changes into something impure, then it becomes impure (naajis), like water, and food when it changes into urine and faeces. So how can the change affect it when good turns into bad, but not affect it when bad turns into good, and Allaah brings forth pure things from impure things and impure things from pure things?

    It is not the origin of a thing that matters, but what it is now. It is impossible for the ruling on impurity to remain when the name and character of the thing have changed. The ruling is connected to the name and character, and is present or absent depending on whether they are present or absent. The texts which deal with the prohibition on dead meat, blood, pork and alcohol do not deal with crops, fruits, sand, salt, soil or vinegar, whether in wording or meaning or text or analogy. Those who distinguished between the change (istihaalah) of alcohol and other things said that alcohol becomes naajis because of the process of change, then it may become pure because of a further process of change. It was said to them that blood, urine and faeces became impure because of a process of change so they may become pure because of a further process of change. Thus analogy is in accordance with the text.

    I’laam al-Muwaqqi’een (2/p. 14, 15)

    In a statement issued by the Islamic Medical Sciences Organization in Kuwait – which discussed the issue of Haraam and impure substances in food and medicine, from 22-24 Dhu’l-Hijjah 1415 AH/ 22-24 May 1995 – it says:

    [8.] Istihaalah (process of change) means that a substance changes into another substance with different characteristics, so an impure substance may change into a pure substance, and a haraam substance may change into one that is permissible according to sharee’ah.

    Based on that:

    Gelatin which is produced by the change of the bones, skin and tendons of impure animals is taahir and it is permissible to eat it.

    Soap that is produced by the change of fat from pigs or dead meat becomes pure by means of this process and it is permissible to use it.

    Cheese which is made by using rennet from dead meat of animals whose meat is permissible is taahir and it is permissible to eat it.

    Ointments, creams and cosmetics that contain pork fat are not permissible to use unless there is certainty that the fat has undergone a process of change (istihaalah) and turned into a different substance. But if there is no certainty, then they are naajis (impure).

    End quote.

    For more information please see:

    http://www.islamset.com/arabic/abioethics/muharamat.html

    [in Arabic].

    Thirdly:

    If it is not known whether the animals whose meat is permissible but need to be slaughtered properly in order to become halaal were slaughtered according to sharee’ah or not, then the basic principle is that they should not be used, because the basic principle with regard to slaughtered meat is that it is haraam unless it is known that it is halaal. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade eating game meat that had drowned in water because it was not known whether it died as the result of being hunted or from drowning. And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade eating game caught by a dog whose owner had released it and mentioned the name of Allaah when releasing it, but he found other dogs with him. The reason for that is that it is not known whether it was his dog that caught it or the other dogs.

    It was narrated from ‘Adiyy ibn Haatim (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If you release your dog and mention the name of Allaah, if he catches something for you and you find it alive, then slaughter it; if you find he has killed it but has not eaten any of it, then eat it. If you find another dog with your dog and it has been killed, then do not eat, for you do not know which of them killed it. If you shoot your arrow and mention the name of Allaah, then (the game) vanishes from your sight for a day, and you only find the mark of your arrow on it, then eat if you wish, but if you find it drowned in water, then do not eat it.”

    Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5167) and Muslim (1929).

    Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

    … The ruling remains in effect unless there is evidence to the contrary, such as the ruling on tahaarah (purity), the rulings on breaking wudoo’, the ruling on remaining married, the ruling on possession and the ruling on commitments, all of which remain in effect unless there is evidence to the contrary. This principle is indicated in the hadeeth in which it is said concerning hunting: “If you find it drowned, do not eat it, for you do not know whether the water killed it or your arrow,” and “But if there are other dogs with him, then do not eat it, for you mentioned the name of Allaah over your dog, not any other.”

    Because the basic principle concerning meat is that it is haraam, and there is some doubt as to whether the condition that makes it permissible was fulfilled or not, the game remains haraam as it originally was.

    I’laam al-Muqawwi’een (1/339, 340).

    Fourthly:

    If the substance is artificial or of vegetable origin, it is permissible to use it in these products unless it is harmful or poisonous either in and of itself or when added to other substances.

    Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

    There is nothing wrong with lipstick, because the basic principle is that it is permissible unless it becomes apparent that it is haraam. … But if it becomes clear that it is harmful to the lips, because it dries them out, then in this case it is not allowed. I have been told that it may dry out the lips. If that is proven then one is not allowed to so something that will harm one.

    Fataawa Manaar al-Islam (3/831).

    Fifthly:

    The Muslim should be careful with regard to his food, drink, clothing and all matters in his life. He should be careful to ensure that his wealth is halaal and he should be careful to ensure that what he eats and drinks are things that the Lord has permitted to him. And he should be careful in all areas of his life to ensure that nothing of them goes against the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

    It is essential to distinguish between products that are used in daily life and meat. The basic principle in the former case is that they are permissible unless there is proof to the contrary, and the basic principle with regard to meat is that it is haraam – as stated above by Ibn al-Qayyim – unless there is evidence to the contrary.

    The scholars of the Standing Committee, when asked about pork fat in some kinds of soap and toothpaste, said:

    We have not heard through any trustworthy channels that some cleaning materials contain pork fat, such as Camay and Palmolive soaps and Colgate toothpaste. Rather we have only heard of that through rumours.

    Secondly: the basic principle with regard to such things is that they are taahir (pure) and it is permissible to use them, until it is proven from a trustworthy source that they are mixed with pork fat or some similar impure substance which it is haraam to use. In that case it is haraam to use them. But if the news is no more than a rumour and is not proven, then it is not obligatory to avoid using it.

    Thirdly: The one who has proof that the cleaning material is mixed with pork fat must avoid using it, and he must wash off whatever of it is on him. But the prayers that he offered during the time when he was using it do not have to be repeated, according to the correct scholarly opinion.

    Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Razzaaq ‘Afeefi, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghadyaan, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Qa’ood.

    Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (5/385, 386).

    And they said:

    With regard to the manufactured cheese which many people say contains pork fat, we have no proof that it contains pork fat. The basic principle is that things are permissible, but if a person is certain that it contains pork fat or he thinks this is most likely to be the case, it is not permissible for him to use it.

    Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Razzaaq ‘Afeefi, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghadyaan, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Qa’ood.

    Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (22/111)

    Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:

    We have found some publications which say that some soap is made from pork fat. What is your opinion?

    They replied:

    I think that the basic principle is that everything that Allaah has created for us on earth is permissible, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “He it is Who created for you all that is on earth”

    [al-Baqarah 2:29]

    If someone claims that something is haraam because it is impure etc, then he must bring evidence, but believing all kinds of illusions and everything that is said makes no sense. If he says that this soap is made of pork fat, we say to him, “Bring proof.” If it is proven that most of it is made of pork fat, then we must avoid it.

    Liqaa’aat al-Baab il-Maftoohah (31/question no. 10).

    And Allaah knows best.
    Islam Q&A​
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