I in 4 people in the world Muslim

Discussion in 'New and Current Affairs' started by umm hussain, Oct 8, 2009.

  1. umm hussain
    Offline

    umm hussain Junior Member

    Joined:
    Dec 19, 2006
    Messages:
    788
    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    0
    Gender:
    Female
    Ratings Received:
    +1 / 0
    The global Muslim population stands at 1.57 billion, meaning that nearly 1 in 4 people in the world practise Islam, a landmark study has claimed.

    Britain has a total of 1,647,000 Muslims - just 2.7 per cent of the British population, and 0.1 per cent of the global Muslim population, the report claimed.

    The Pew Forum report also revealed that Germany has more Muslims than Lebanon - or North and South America combined.
    Enlarge This 'weighted' map shows each country's relative size based on its Muslim population. Click to enlarge

    This 'weighted' map shows each country's relative size based on its Muslim population. Click to enlarge

    It claimed that about five per cent of Europe's population practises Islam - and that there are more Muslims living in Asia than in the Middle East.

    Until now, experts have largely been guessing at the precise number of Muslims in the world, with estimates from one billion to 1.8 billion.

    But the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life report, released today, finally pinpoints the number of those practising the world's second largest religion, behind Christianity.

    The three-year-long project also provided some surprising statistics. For instance, Germany has more Muslims than Lebanon, China has more Muslims than Syria, Russia has more Muslims than Jordan and Libya combined, and Ethiopia has nearly as many Muslims as Afghanistan.

    'This whole idea that Muslims are Arabs and Arabs are Muslims is really just obliterated by this report,' said Amaney Jamal, an assistant professor of politics at Princeton University who reviewed an advance copy.

    The report provides further evidence that while the heart of Islam might beat in the Middle East, its greatest numbers lie in Asia: More than 60 per cent of the world's Muslims live in Asia.
    Enlarge A map compiled by the Pew Forum shows relative sizes of Muslim populations around the world

    A map compiled by the Pew Forum shows relative sizes of Muslim populations around the world

    About 20 per cent live in the Middle East and North Africa, 15 per cent live in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2.4 per cent are in Europe and 0.3 per cent are in the Americas.

    While the Middle East and North Africa have fewer Muslims overall than Asia, the region easily claims the most Muslim-majority countries.

    While those population trends are well established, the large numbers of Muslims who live as minorities in countries aren't as scrutinized.

    The report identified about 317 million Muslims - or one-fifth of the world's Muslim population - living in countries where Islam is not the majority religion.

    About three-quarters of Muslims living as minorities are concentrated in five countries: India (161 million), Ethiopia (28 million), China (22 million), Russia (16 million) and Tanzania (13 million).

    In several of these countries - from India to Nigeria and China to France - divisions featuring a volatile mix of religion, class and politics have contributed to tension and bloodshed among groups.

    The immense size of majority-Hindu India is underscored by the fact that it boasts the third-largest Muslim population of any nation - yet Muslims account for just 13 per cent of India's population.

    'Most people think of the Muslim world being Muslims living mostly in Muslim-majority countries,' Grim said. 'But with India ... that sort of turns that on its head a bit.'

    The report also revealed that:

    * Europe is home to about 38 million Muslims, or about five per cent of its population. Germany appears to have more than 4 million Muslims - almost as many as North and South America combined. In France, where tensions have run high over an influx of Muslim immigrant laborers, the overall numbers were lower but a larger percentage of the population is Muslim.
    * Two-thirds of all Muslims live in 10 countries. Six are in Asia (Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Iran and Turkey), three are in North Africa (Egypt, Algeria and Morocco) and one is in sub-Saharan Africa (Nigeria).
    * Indonesia, which has a tradition of a more tolerant Islam, has the world's largest Muslim population (203 million, or 13 per cent of the world's total). Religious extremists have been involved in several high-profile bombings there in recent years.
    * In China, the highest concentrations of Muslims were in western provinces. The country experienced its worst outbreak of ethnic violence in decades when rioting broke out this summer between minority Muslim Uighurs and majority Han Chinese.
    * Of roughly 4.6 million Muslims in the Americas, more than half live in the United States although they only make up 0.8 percent of the population there. About 700,000 people in Canada are Muslim, or about two percent of the total population.

    Global religion: Muslim women in Britain (file photo). A new report has shown that up nearly one in four people in the world are Muslim

    Global religion: Muslim women in Britain (file photo). A new report has shown that nearly one in four people in the world are Muslim

    Pew officials call the report the most thorough on the size and distribution of adherents of the world's second largest religion behind Christianity, which has an estimated 2.1 billion to 2.2 billion followers.

    The arduous task of determining the Muslim populations in 232 countries and territories involved analysing census reports, demographic studies and general population surveys, the report says. In cases where the data was a few years old, researchers projected 2009 numbers.

    The report also sought to pinpoint the world's Sunni-Shiite breakdown, but difficulties arose because so few countries track sectarian affiliation, said Brian Grim, the project's senior researcher.

    As a result, the Shiite numbers are not as precise; the report estimates that Shiites represent between 10 and 13 per cent of the Muslim population, in line with or slightly lower than other studies.

    As much as 80 per cent of the world's Shiite population lives in four countries: Iran, Pakistan, India and Iraq.

    A future Pew Forum project, scheduled to be released in 2010, will build on the report's data to estimate growth rates among Muslim populations and project future trends.

    A similar study on global Christianity is planned to begin next year.

    The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life is part of the Pew Research Center, an American think tank based in Washington, D.C.

    The Center tracks issues and trends shaping the United States and the world.

    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/wor...am--1-647-000-live-Britain.html#ixzz0TNHYoGMI

Share This Page