Omar Mukhtar (Rahimahullah) The Mujahid Against Italian Occupation

Discussion in 'New and Current Affairs' started by Mabsoot, Jan 8, 2007.

  1. Mabsoot
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    Mabsoot Amir Staff Member

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    [img=left]http://i104.photobucket.com/albums/m197/turntoislam/interesting/Omar_Mukhtar_13.jpg[/img]Omar Mukhtar Rahimahullah, (Arabic عمر المختار ‘Umar Al-Mukhtār) (1862 - September 16, 1931) was from the tribe of Mnifa, born in a small village called Janzour located in the the eastern part of Barqa- not to be confused with the city of western Libya called Janzour which is more well known. He was the leader of the resistance movement against the Italian military occupation of Libya for more than twenty years. In 1912, following the Italian capture of Libya from the occupying Turks the previous year, Omar Mukhtar organized and devised strategies for the Libyan resistance against the Italian colonization.

    Italian Invasion

    In October of 1911, Italian battleships reached the shores of Libya. The Italian’s fleet leader, Farafelli, made a demand to the Libyans to surrender Libya to the Italians or the city would be destroyed at once. The Libyans fled, but the Italians attacked Tripoli anyway, bombing the city for three days and thereafter proclaiming the Libyan population in Tripoli to be "committed and strongly bound to Italy." The event marked the beginning of a series of battles between the Italian occupiers and the Libyan Omar Mukhtar's forces.

    Guerrilla Warfare

    A teacher of the quran by profession, Mukhtar was also skilled in desert tactics. He knew his country’s geography well, and used that knowledge to his advantage in battles against the Italians, who were not accustomed to desert warfare. He repeatedly led his small, highly alert groups in successful attacks against the Italians, after which they would fade back into the desert terrain. Mukhtar’s men skillfully attacked outposts, ambushed troops, and cut lines of supply and communication. The Italians were left astonished and embarrassed to have been outsmarted and tricked by mere "bedouin."

    Concentration Camps

    In an effort to weaken the resistance movement led by Mukhtar, the Italians imprisoned Libyan men, women and children in concentration camps. By holding these people in the camps, the Italians were attempting to weaken the Libyan resistance in two ways: one, they were cutting of all food supplies so they would starve , and two, they were preventing more men from joining omar mukhtar's forces. About 125,000 Libyans were forced into these camps, about two-thirds of whom died.
    Despite the imprisonment of his people, Mukhtar was determined to continue the struggle, to continue fighting for the liberation of his country and people.

    Capture and Execution

    Mukhtar’s nearly twenty year struggle came to an end when he became wounded in battle and was subsequently captured by the Italian army. The Libyan hero was treated like a prize catch by the Italians.
    Though in his sixties, Mukhtar was shackled with heavy chains from his waist and wrists because of the army’s fear that he just might escape. Mukhtar’s capture was a serious blow to his people. However, his resilience had an impact on his jailors, who later said they were overwhelmed by his steadfastness. His interrogators later confessed that Mukhtar looked them in the eye and read verses of peace from the Qur'an as he was tortured and interrogated.


    Mukhtar was tried, convicted, and sentenced to be executed by hanging in a public place. The fairness of his trial has been disputed by historians and scholars. When asked if he wished to say any last words, he replied with the Quran clause: "From God we have come, and to God we will return." On September 16, 1931, in the hope that the Libyan resistance movement would wither and die without him, Mukhtar was hanged in front of his followers on the orders of the Italian court.

    [​IMG]



    Today his face is shown on the Libyan 10 Dinar bill. His final years were immortalized in the movie The Lion of the Desert (1981), starring Anthony Quinn, Oliver Reed, and Irene Papas.




    May Allah bless him with Jannatul Firdaus.



    Wasalam
  2. Islamthetruth
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    Islamthetruth Junior Member

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    history repeats its self....sadam??
  3. Mabsoot
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    Assalamu alaykum, Qaddafi said Saddam Hussein is Omar Mokhtar of today and they are going to build a statue of him on gallow platform, to comemmorate him. lol

    anyway, I thought it would be useful if people knew some interesting history. I thought the bit on Concentration camps was interesting.

    It is sad that when the victims are Muslims, it is something easily forgotten.
  4. faiz_fauzi
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    faiz_fauzi Junior Member

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    Muslims will be victorious soon!
  5. truesuccess
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    truesuccess Proud to be a Muslim

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    :salam2:

    Ameen Summa Aameen

    How can i get "The Lion of the Desert" movie??

    please help me to get this

    :salam2:

    P.S : Dear brother Mabsoot, there is mistake in " (Rahimahullah) " , it should be Rahmatullah. ( h -> t )
  6. BintMuhammad
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    BintMuhammad New Member Staff Member

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    Rahimahullah = May the Mercy of Allaah swt be upon him

    I have watched the movie when I was a kid but that was in betamax. I wish I could get a cd of it. Nice movie Masha Allaah.

    The kuffar may have all the joy,wealth and power in this world but in the hereafter, they'd be like roasted peking duck in hell. :tti_sister: Allaah swt has given them all the beauty in this world but not for long. May Allaah swt grant all Muslims Jannah in the hereafter ameen.
  7. Paki Idol
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    Paki Idol Defender of Islam

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    :salam2: Brothers and Sisters!
    InshAllah, the period of waiting will be over soon and Muslims would emerge victorious! The Quran and Ahadith regard this period as time of Victories for Muslims, emergence of Imam Mehdi and return of Prophet Essa.May Allah grant us Steadfastness, Faith, Patience and His Mercy and Blessings be upon all the Muslims, Ameen!
    May Allah grant Omar Moktar place in Jannah AL Firdawz!
  8. podolski11
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    podolski11 PAIN

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    salam alaykum

    well an old thread but i want to point out something that i found out while reading this saints story


    He was a legend who was firm in his religion at a time when the leaders of his country emigrated (as they do today ) to surrender to the Italians.The biggest scholars of his time from the Sanusies, who previously fought with him against the French and the British, did not come to his aid in time.Instead, many of them became loyal to the Italians by giving them Muslim lands in exchange for clemency, montly salaries, and freedom from taxation. Such is true for Muslims today.

    On the contrary, this man took out his Qur'an, held it, and gave an oath to Allah that he would not stop fighting the occupying oppressors even if it meant fighting them alone until victory had been attained or that he becomes a martyr. In the last twenty years of his life, he led and personally fought in 1000 battles.

    When the Italian general made him a final offer to make him their puppet and be allowed to live like the other leaders of his people, he answered, "I shall not cease to fight against thee and thy people until either you leave my country or I leave my life. And I swear by Him who knows whaht is in men's hearts that if my ands were not bound this very moment, I would fight you with my bare hands, old and broken as I am.."

    It was then that the Italian general laughed and ordered him to be hung after a frontal saving face act of a mock trial. Even before the court was in session a rope outside the court house hung waiting him
  9. Ibn Uthaymin
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    Ibn Uthaymin Junior member

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    May Allah grant him Jannah

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