Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in a letter addressed to a Muslim who was living in Italy: With regard to your letter in which you say that you are a young Muslim man living in Italy and that there are many young Muslim men there and that most of them responded to the crusaders’ wishes by keeping far away from the religion of Islam and its noble teachings, so most of them do not pray and they have bad morals and do evil deeds which they regard as permissible, and other things that you mention in your letter… I advise you that living in a land in which shirk and kufr, and Christianity and other religions of kufr are prevalent, is not permissible, whether you are staying there for work, business, study or some other purpose, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): ‘In what (condition) were you?’ They reply: ‘We were weak and oppressed on the earth.’ They (angels) say: ‘Was not the earth of Allaah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?’ Such men will find their abode in Hell — what an evil destination! 98. Except the weak ones among men, women and children who cannot devise a plan, nor are they able to direct their way. 99. These are they whom Allaah is likely to forgive them, and Allaah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving” [al-Nisa’ 4:97-99] And because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I have nothing to do with any Muslim who settles among the mushrikeen.” This settling among the kuffaar is not done by one who knows the real meaning of Islam and faith, or who knows what Allaah has enjoined upon the Muslims, or who is pleased with Allaah as his Lord, Islam as his religion, and Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as his Prophet and Messenger. Being pleased and content with that means loving Allaah, giving precedence to seeking His pleasure, being very concerned about following His religion and keeping company with His close friends, which means that one must completely disavow and keep far away from the kaafirs and their lands. rather faith as defined in the Qur'aan and Sunnah cannot coexist with these evils. It is narrated in a saheeh report from Jareer ibn ‘Abd-Allaah al-Bajali (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said: O Messenger of Allaah, accept my oath of allegiance and stipulate conditions. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Worship Allaah, establish regular prayer, pay zakaah, be sincere towards the Muslims and keep away from the mushrikeen.” Narrated by Abu ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Nasaa’i. It is also narrated in a saheeh report that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I have nothing to do with any Muslim who settles among the mushrikeen.” And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah will not accept any deed from a mushrik after he becomes Muslim until he leaves the mushrikeen.” The scholars have clearly stated that this is not allowed, and have warned against it, and stated that it is obligatory to migrate if one is able, except for a man who has knowledge and insight, and goes there to call people to Allaah and bring people forth from darkness into light, and explain the teachings of Islam to them. A verse in Soorat al-Tawbah – (interpretation of the meaning): “Say: If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight are dearer to you than Allaah and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting in His Cause, then wait until Allaah brings about His Decision (torment). And Allaah guides not the people who are Al‑Faasiqoon (the rebellious, disobedient to Allaah)” [al-Tawbah 9:24] – indicates that seeking worldly gains is not a legitimate shar’i excuse, rather the one who does that is a faasiq (rebellious evildoer) who is subject to the warning of not being guided if these matters, or some of them, are dearer to him than Allaah and His Messenger, and jihad for the sake of Allaah. What good can there be in seeing shirk and other evils and keeping quiet about them, or even doing them, as has happened to some of those whom you mentioned who are supposedly Muslim? If the Muslim who settles there claims that he has some worldly aims such as study, business or work, that is even worse. In the Book of Allaah there is a stern warning against merely failing to migrate (hijrah), as in the verses of Soorat al-Nisa’ quoted above, where Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves”. So how about the one who travels to a kaafir land and agrees to settle there? As you mentioned, the scholars (may Allaah have mercy on them) forbade settling and going to a land where the Muslim will not be able to practise his religion openly. The one who are there for study, business or work come under the same ruling as the one who settles there, if they are not able to practise their religion openly and they are able to migrate. As for the claim of some of them that they hate them and despise them, yet they are settling in their land, that is not sufficient, rather it is haraam to travel and settle there for many reasons, including the following: 1 – It is not possible to practise the religion openly in a way that means one has discharged one’s duties fully. 2 – The texts and clear statements of the scholars (may Allaah have mercy on them) indicate that if a person does not know his religion with its evidence and proof, and he is not able to defend it and ward off the specious arguments of the kaafirs, it is not permissible for him to travel to their land. 3 – One of the conditions of it being permissible to travel to their land is that one should be safe from the fitnah of their power, control, specious arguments and attractions, and be safe from imitating them or being influenced by their actions. 4 – Blocking the means that may lead to shirk is one of the most important principles of Islam. Undoubtedly what you mention in your letter about things that happen with Muslim youth who settle in these lands is the result of their staying in the land of kufr. They should be steadfast in adhering to their religion, practising it openly, following its commands, heeding its prohibitions, and calling others to it, until they are able to migrate from the land of shirk to a Muslim land. Allaah is the One Whom we ask to set straight all your affairs and to bless you with understanding of His religion and make you steadfast in following it. May He help us and you and all the Muslims to do all that He loves and that pleases Him, and to protect us and you and all the Muslims against things that may lead us astray and against the tricks of the shaytaan. May He help us to do all that is good, and support His religion, and make His word supreme, and reform the leaders of the Muslims and bless them with understanding of His religion, and help them to rule according to the sharee’ah of Allaah in their lands, and refer to it for judgement, and be content with it and beware of that which goes against it, for He is able to do that. Peace be upon you and the Mercy of Allaah and His blessings. End quote from Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (9/403).