The formulae of Allah's Remembrance prescribed after Salah


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Assalamu Alaikkum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu,

The formulae of Allah's Remembrance prescribed after Salah

[Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah li Samaahat al-Shaykh ‘Abd al- ‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-
Allaah ibn Baaz, Vol. 11, pp. 188-190]

From ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Bin ‘Abdullah Ibn Baz to those who receive this among Muslims. May Allah guide all
Muslims and increase their knowledge and faith, amen!

As-salamu ‘alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah's Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)
It gives me pleasure to remind my Muslim brothers that it is of the Sunnah for a Muslim to say after each
obligatory Salah, whether one is the Imam (the one who leads the congregational Salah), Ma'mum (a
person being led by an Imam in Prayer) or Mufarid (a person who performs prayer alone) to say, "Astagfir Allah" (I ask Allah forgiveness) three times and then say, "Allahumma Anta Al-Salam Wa Minka Al-Salam, Tabarakta Wa Ta’alayta Ya-dhal-Jalali Wal-Ikram" (O Allah, You are Al-Salam [the One Who is free from all defects and deficiencies] and from You is all peace, blessed are You, Possessor of majesty and honor!) If one is Imam, one should turn facing the people. The Imam, those praying behind him, or a person offering Salah individually should say, "La Ilaha Illa Allah, Wahdahu La Sharika Lah, Lahul-Mulku Wa-Lahul-Hamdu, Wa-Huwa ‘Ala Kulli Shai’in Qadir, La Hawla Wa-La Quwwata Illa Billah, La Ilaha Illa Allah Wa-La Na’budu Illa Iyyahu, Lahun-Ni’matu Wa-Lahul-Fadl, Wa-Lahu Ath-Thanaa'u Al-Hasan, La Ilaha Illa Allah Mukhlisina, Lahud-Dina Wa-Law Karihal-Kafirun. Allahumma La Mani’a Lima A’tait Wa-La Mu’ty Lima Man’t, Wa-La Yanfa’u Dhal-Gaddu Minkal-Gadd. (None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, without any partner. To Allah belong all sovereignty and praise. He is Omnipotent over all things. There is no might nor power except with Allah. None has the right to be worshipped except Him. We worship none but Him. To Allah all favor, grace, and praise are due. None has the right to be worshipped except Allah and we are sincere in faith and devotion to Him although disbelievers detest it. Oh Allah! Oh Allah! None can prevent what You willed to give and none can grant what You have willed to prevent, and no wealth or majesty can benefit anyone, as from You is all wealth and majesty).

After offering Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer and Fajr (Dawn) Prayer one should say along with what is
mentioned previously, "La Ilah Illa Allah Wahdahu La Sharika Lahu Lahu Al-Mulk Wa Lahu Al-Hamd
Yuhyi Wa Yumit Wa Huwa ‘Ala Kulli Shay'in Qadir"
(There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah Alone, He have no associate. His is the Dominion to Him is due all praise; He gives life and causes death
and He has power over all things). After that, one is to say each of the following supplications thirty three times; (a) "Subhana Allah" (Glory is to Allah), (b) Al-Hamdu Lillah (praise is due to Allah) and (c) "Allahu Akbar" (Allah is the Great), and then completes the hundred times saying, "La Ilah Illa Allah, Wahdahu La Sharika Lah, Lahu Al-Mulk Wa Lahu Al-Hamd, Yuhyi Wa Yumit, Wa Huwa ‘Ala Kull Shay'in Qadir".

It is recommended for the Imam, Ma'mum, and Munfarid to recite these supplications audibly after each
obligatory Salah in a low voice without disturbing others. It is authentically reported in the two Sahih on
the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) that raising one's voice in supplication
after concluding the obligatory Salah was during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Ibn
‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) said, "I used to know when they finished the Salah by this
(supplications as they were said aloud) if I heard them."

However, it is not permissible to say these supplications collectively. Each worshipper should recite them
individually without observing the voice of others, because reciting supplications collectively is Bid’ah and
has no basis in the divine Shari’ah (law) of Allah.

It is recommended for Imam, Ma'mum, and Munfarid to recite Ayat-ul-Kursy (the Qur’anic Verse of
Allah’s Chair, Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) inaudibly. After that, Surah-Al-Iklas (the Qur'an, Surah 112),
Surah-Al-Falaq (the Qur'an, Surah 113), and Surah-Al-Nas (the Qur'an, Surah 114) inaudbly after each
obligatory Salah and repeat them three times after the Maghrib (Sunset) and Fajr (Dawn) Salahs.
This is preferable, for the authenticity of what we have mentioned above. May Allah's Peace and Blessings
be upon our Prophet Muhammad, His companions, and those who follow him rightfully till the Day of