The Great Khalifah Umar ibn Abdul Aziz

marzuki mohamed

Junior Member
The Great Khalifah Umar ibn Abdul Aziz


"...When the Khalifah died the Roman emperor is reported to have said:

“I should not be the least surprised if a monk renounces the world and busies himself in worship behind closed doors, but I am simply amazed at this man who has a vast empire at his feet but he rejected it and lived the life of a monk....”

Umar ibn Abdul Aziz is a person who is just well known by a few Muslims (those who are interested in the history of Islam). After the death of Prophet Mohammed, for some years, is when he was born.

All Muslims nominated the leaders in Islam, who succeeded each other after Prophet’s death, unanimously, but before Omar was born, everything had changed due to worldly pleasures. That is the word DYNASTY was introduced, instead. And since Omar belonged to the reigning family, when his time for leadership came, he was given the opportunity.

Actually, the above is just a short summary of his introduction, but what impressed me hence calling him my hero, are the following reasons that were portrayed throughout his life span.

First, comparing his life before and after his leadership is that, he led a luxurious and royal life before, but he underwent a complete metamorphosis after his declaration. For example: -

Immediately when he became a leader, he dismissed all the governors who were known to be cruel and unjust to the servants. Therefore, the people were happier than ever.

Secondly, all the jewelry and valuable presents brought before him were deposited to the state treasury in a number of occasions, instead of taking it for personal treasury.

Also he gave out all his wealth for the betterment of the society until he was remained with only one shirt. His people realized this when he was always late for Friday prayers as a result of waiting for his only one shirt to dry after washing it. Furthermore, at times there was no food in his house, hence, one day he saw his children hiding their mouth not to be open to their father, and when he enquired, he discovered that his children had taken onions as food and were hiding the smell from reaching him. He felt pity on them and made sure that they had enough food. This shows that, even the kids have taken after their father’s heroic nature of understanding the situation. Moreover he did not have enough money to go for pilgrimage despite the fact that, he was the leader of the mightiest empire in that time.

In his office he had two candles, if he wanted to write the state affairs, he would use the candle that belonged to the state and if he wanted to write his own personal letters, he would use the candle, which he bought from his own money.

Omar ensured that, his governors follow the same path. For example one of the governors brought a letter requesting for more candle sticks but Omar replied, “I remember we used to walk in the dark night without candle sticks and we survived, do you want to tell me that now you are in a worse condition?” This shows that he was against extravagance.

In another occasion, there were a request for papers, but Omar replied again, “Make the points of your pens thinner, and write small hand writings including your important matters and leave the details in very short and straight forward form.

It was during his reign when all taxes were abolished. People commented that during the reign of other leaders the state treasury was filled up, but now there was nothing due to the abolishing of taxes and most of the savings were used to help the poor and the needy. He replied that the state treasury was not meant for the walls but the people, so why should they not be given?

Instead of taxes, he encouraged all the governors to argue people to practice agriculture and if anybody had a piece of land which he did not cultivate for three years, the land was to be taken and be given to somebody else who would cultivate, hence burning off laziness.

In order to strengthen up the administration he took the following steps: -

(i) State officials were excluded from entering into any business.

(ii) Unpaid labor was made illegal.

(iii) Pasture lands and game reserves, which were reserved for the family of the dignities, were evenly distributed among the poor for the purpose of cultivation.

(iv) He urged to all of the officials to listen the complaints of the people and during any occasion, he used to announce that, if any subject had seen any officer maltreating others should report him to the leader and he will be given a reward ranging from 100 - 300 dirhams.

His fruitful achievements lead to the well being of his society, and even when the time for annual obligatory charity from came, no one accepted it, but was to be sent to other towns to raise other's standards of living. Everybody could assist his family without begging. This brought about jubilance among the people and loyalty towards their leader.

Omar's leadership cannot be compared to any other person's - it was so unique. Different leaders reigned before and after him but none could break his record.

He died in the year 719 CE, after ruling for two years and five months. His subjects mourned in great pain, saying that, they would never have a leader like Omar.

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marzuki mohamed

Junior Member
Waalaikumsalam bro shakir.

...can u imagine that during his rules just.. in 2 years 5 month the

entire ummah that time is rich ! nobody want to accept the annual obligatory

charity ..!!! :subhanallah: :mashallah:

The key to his success is : Thrifty

Adjective :

1. Careful and diligent in the use of resources.

2. Mindful of the future in spending money; "careful with money".
**-source-Webster's Online Dictionary

im gonna try this!



Junior Member
muslims called him the fifth of kholafaa rashedeen and thos were the best leaders for the muslims ommah and they are abo baker and omar ben al kattab and othman ben affan and ali ben abi taleb and as muslim called him the great grand son of omar ben al kattab is omar ben abd al azeez