The Prophet's (saw) wives?

Discussion in 'Islamic Discussion' started by sal12, Feb 10, 2008.

  1. sal12
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    sal12 Junior Member

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    Assalamu alaykum

    Somebody told me that the Prophet sallahu alayhi wasalam had a christian wife and a jewish wife? Is this true? I know muslim men can marry christians and jews but did the Prophet sallahu alayhi wasalam also marry them? Also, how come a woman cannot marry christians and jews?

    Jazakallahu kharyan
  2. croatian/jewconv
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    croatian/jewconv slave_of_Allah

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    i know that he had a jewish wife named safiyyah bint huyay(radialahu anhu)
  3. croatian/jewconv
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    croatian/jewconv slave_of_Allah

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    from wikipedia

    Safiyya bint Huyayy (Arabic: صفية بنت حيي, c. 610 - c. 670) was a Jewish woman captured from the Banu Nadir tribe at age 17,[1] who became Muhammad's 11th wife. She was titled the "Mother of Believers".[2]

    After Muhammad's death, she became involved in the power politics of the early Muslim community, and acquired substantial influence by the time of her death.[3]
    Contents
    [hide]

    * 1 Early life
    * 2 Battle of Khaybar
    * 3 Marriage to Muhammad
    * 4 Legacy
    * 5 See also
    * 6 References and footnotes
    * 7 Further reading
    * 8 External links

    [edit] Early life

    Safiyya was born in Medina to Huyayy ibn Akhtab, the chief of the Jewish tribe Banu Nadir. Her mother, Barra bint Samawal, was from the Banu Qurayza tribe. According to a source, she was married off to Sallam b. Mishkam, who later divorced her.[3]

    When the Banu Nadir were expelled from Medina in 625, her family settled in Khaybar, an oasis near Medina.[3] Her father and brother went from Khaybar to join the Meccan and Bedouin forces besieging Muhammad in Medina during the Battle of the Trench. When the Meccans withdrew and Muhammad besieged the Banu Qurayza, Huyayy and his son fought alongside the latter. In the ensuing massacre both were killed by Muhammad's followers, together with all the men of the Banu Qurayza.[4]

    In 627 or early in 628, Safiyya married Kinana ibn al-Rabi, treasurer of the Banu Nadir; she was about 17 years old at that time.[3] Saffiya informed Kinana of a dream she had in which the moon had fallen from the heavens into her lap. Kinana interpreted it as a desire to marry Muhammad and struck her, leaving a mark which was still visible when she first had contact with Muhammad.[2][5]

    [edit] Battle of Khaybar

    Main article: Battle of Khaybar

    In May 629 Muslims defeated several Jewish tribes (including the Banu Nadir) at the Battle of Khaybar. Although the Jews put up fierce resistance, the lack of central command and their unpreparedness for an extended siege resulted in a Muslim victory. The Jews surrendered, and were allowed to remain in Khaybar on the provision that they give half of their annual produce to the Muslims. The land itself became the property of the Muslim state.[6] This agreement, Stillman says, did not extend to the Banu Nadir tribe, who were given no quarter.[7]

    Ibn Hisham writes about Kinana ibn al-Rabi, Safiyya's former husband:[8]

    Kinana al-Rabi, who had the custody of the treasure of Banu Nadir, was brought to the apostle who asked him about it. He denied that he knew where it was. A Jew came (Tabari says "was brought"), to the apostle and said that he had seen Kinana going round a certain ruin every morning early. When the apostle said to Kinana, "Do you know that if we find you have it I shall kill you?" He said "Yes". The apostle gave orders that the ruin was to be excavated and some of the treasure was found. When he asked him about the rest he refused to produce it, so the apostle gave orders to al-Zubayr Al-Awwam, "Torture him until you extract what he has." So he kindled a fire with flint and steel on his chest until he was nearly dead. Then the apostle delivered him to Muhammad b. Maslama and he struck off his head, in revenge for his brother Mahmud

    In the aftermath, the female captives were divided amongst Muhammad and his followers.[6] Safiyya was assigned to Dihya ibn Khalifa, but Muhammad selected her while compensating Dihya with two of her cousins,[9] or, according to other sources, seven head of cattle,[3] and according to a differing source, seven female slaves.[10] She then converted to Islam, thereby becoming Muhammad's wife.[11] Muhammad consummated the marriage at Khaybar that night.[12][13] Rodinson believes that in doing so he violated his own previous commands, according to which Muslims are required to wait until the beginning of the next menstrual cycle before having intercourse with their captives.[14]

    [edit] Marriage to Muhammad

    According to Muhammad al-Bukhari, Muhammad stayed for three days between Khaybar and Medina, where he consummated his marriage to Safiyya. His companions wondered if she was to be considered a captive (Arabic: ma malakat aymanukum) or a wife. The former speculated that they would consider Safiyya as Muhammad's wife, and thus "Mothers of the Believers", if Muhammad ordered her to veil herself, else she would be his slave-girl.[15]

    Some modern scholars opine that Muhammad chose to marry Safiyya, the only surviving member of Banu Nadir's ruling family, as part of reconciliation with the Jewish tribe.[16][17] Maxime Rodinson, however, claims that Muhammad was "violently attracted" to her.[18]

    Muhammad suggested that Safiyya convert to Islam, which she did, and thus she become Muhammad's wife, instead of his maid.[19] Safiya did not bear any children to Muhammad.[20]

    Despite her conversion, Muhammad's other wives annoyed Safiyya for her Jewish origin. Doubts about Safiyya's commitment to Islam and the suspicion that she would avenge her slain kin are themes in the Sira (biographies of Muhammad).[21] In these stories, Muhammad or Umar express great displeasure at such acts and reaffirm her loyalty.[3] [2]

    Regarding Safiyya's Jewish descent, Muhammad once said to his Jewish wife,

    Your father was the prophet Aaron and prophet Musa was your uncle.[2]

    [edit] Legacy

    In 656, Safiyya sided with caliph Uthman, and defended him at his last meeting with Ali, Aisha, and al-Zubayr. During the period when the caliph was besieged at his residence, Safiyya made an unsuccessful attempt to reach him, and supplied him with food and water via a plank placed between her dwelling and his.[3]

    Safiyya died in 670 or 672, leaving an estate of 100,000 dirhams in land and goods, one-third of which she bequeathed to her sister's son, who followed Judaism. Her dwelling in Medina was bought by Caliph Muawiyya for 180,000 dirhams.[3]

    Safiyya is said to have a dream which predicted her marriage with Muhammad, and she was beaten by her husband for desiring another man. Thus, the dream (interpreted as a miracle), her suffering, and her reputation to cry has won her a place in Sufi works. She appears in all major books of ahadith, and indice of transmitters.[3]
  4. OsMaN_93
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    OsMaN_93 Here to help

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    :salam2: the Messenger sal-Allaahu `alayhi wasallaim had many wives, from them Khadija, Sawdah, `Aa'ishah, Safiyyah, Umm Habibah, Hafsa, Juwairiyah, Maymunah, Zaynab bint Jahsh, Zaynab bint Khuzaymah and Umm Salamah, may Allaah be pleased with them all, for they are the Mothers of the Believers.
    i believe safia (ra) was jewish/???!!!!
  5. Kayote
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    Kayote Junior Member

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    Salam,

    I very much doubt this.

    Salam
  6. Sabra
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    Sabra Junior Member

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    Salaams,

    Reference: Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah, Zad-ul Ma'ad fi Hadyi Khairi-l 'Ibad

    In reference it is stated that Safiyyah was from the Jewish tribe of Bani an-Nadhir. Safiyyah was a direct descendant of Prophet Harun, son of 'Imran and brother of Prophet Musa. She became the slave-girl of the Prophet(pbuh), after she was captured in the battle of Khaibar. He emancipated her and made her emancipation her dowry. Al-Bukhari 4771 and Muslim 2562

    Also in reference: The Sealed Nectar: Biography of the Noble Prophet(pbuh)
    Second part of Khaibar conquered: The Prophet, along with his army, moved to this part of Khaiber, Al-Katiba, he laid a heavy siege to it for fourteen days with the Jews barricading themselves inside their forts. When he was about to use the rams, the Jews realized that they would perish, therefore, they asked for a negotiable peace treaty.
    Negotiations: Ibn Abi Al-Huqaiq was despatched to negotiate the surrender treaty. The Prophet agreed to spare their lives on condition they evacuate Khaibar and the adjacent land, leaving whatever gold and silver they had in their possession. However, he stipulated that he would disavow any commitment if they concealed anything. This treaty notwithstanding, Abi Al-Huqaia's two sons concealed a leather bag full of jewels, and money belonging to Huyai bin Al-Akhtab. Kinanah bin Ar-Rabi', who had hidden the musk somewhere, was obdurate in his denial and so he was killed when the musk was discovered and his dishonesty was proven. Abi Al-Huqaiq's two sons were killed in recompence for breaching the covenant, and Safiyah, Huyai's daughter was taken as a captive. In accordance with the agreement already concluded, the Jews would be obliged to evacuate Khaiber, but they were anxious to keep on cultivating the rich soil and fine orchard for which Khaibar was famous. They, therefore, approached the Prophet with the request that they be allowed to cultivate their lands and they would give half of the produce to the Muslims. Muhammad(pbuh) was kind enough to accede to their request.

    Safiyah, whose husband Kinanah bin Abi Al-Huqaiq was killed for treachery, was taken as a captive and brought along with other prisoners of war. After the permission of the Prophet was sought, Dihyah Al-Kalbi chose one of them and she happened to be Safiyah. The other Muslims, however, advised that Safiyah, being the daughter of the chief of Bani Quraiza and Bani Nadir, should be married to the Prophet, who agreed to their opinion, invited her to Islam, freed and took her as wife on her embracing Islam. The wedding feast consisted of dates and fat, and was held on his way back to Madinah at a spot called Sadd As-Sahba. The Jews of Khaibar had united by an ancient alliance with the Confederates, triggered Bani Quraiza to practise treachery, maintained contacts with Ghatfan and the Arabians and thay even devised an attempt at the Prophet's life. In fact, the continual afflictions that the Muslims had sustained were primarily attributable to the Jews. Envoys were repeatedly sent to them for peaceful settlement, but all in vain. Consequently the Prophet, came to the conclusion that a military campaign was a must in order to forestall their hostilities.

    We should always look for reliable sources of information, when dealing with questions about Islam. Wikipedia, as we all know can be edited by any with an account.

    Brother Al-Kashmiri, any information that you may have, would be greatly
    appreciated.

    And Allah Knows Best

    Salaam
    • Ma sha Allah! Ma sha Allah! x 1
  7. Absolute truth
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    Absolute truth لا إله إلا الله

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    Response to some Liars who claim Umm Al-Mo'meneen Safiyah was raped !

    Safiyyah was the daughter of Huyayy ibn Akhtab, the leader of the Banu al-Nadir, the Jewish rabbi. Hence, she was of noble regal and rabbinical heritage. Her husband was a Jew named "Kinana".

    Essential background:

    What Led to the Battle of Khaybar ?

    The Jews of Khaibar had , according to The sealed nectar,
    1. united with the Confederates
    2. triggered Bani Quraiza to practise treachery,
    3. maintained contacts with Ghatfan and the Arabians
    4. devised an attempt at the Prophet’s life.
    Why were her father and husband killed ?

    After Huyayy Ibn Aktab and Kinana were banished from Madinah, for their treachery in trying to murder the Prophet (p), they further went ahead to Quraysh this time around to incite the Quraysh to kill Muslims. They were active warmongers, who constantly fought against the Muslims. A story about Kinana seem to be false. According to Fathulbari, Huyayy went to Mecca to incite the Meccan to attack Prophet Muhammad ; while Kinana went to the tribe of Ghatfan and incited them against the Prophet .

    At the end, other peaceful Jews approached the Prophet with the request that they be allowed to cultivate their lands and they would live in peace with Muslims. Prophet Muhammad was kind enough to accede to their request...

    Why did the Prophet married her ?

    When a Companion of the Prophet Muhammad heard of Safiyyah's captivity, he approached the Prophet with a suggestion that since she was a lady of Banu al-Nadir, only the Prophet was fit enough to marry her. The Prophet agreed to this suggestion and hence granted her freedom and married her and made a wedding feast for the marriage.

    This significant act of marrying Safiyyah was indeed a great honour for her, for this not only preserved her dignity, it also prevented her from becoming a slave. Haykal notes that: The Prophet granted her freedom and then married her, following the examples of great conquerors who married the daughters and wives of the kings whom they had conquered, partly in order to alleviate their tragedy and partly to preserve their dignity.

    The marriage to Safiyyah has a political significance as well, as it helps to reduce hostilities and cement alliances. John L. Esposito notes that

    As was customary for Arab chiefs, many were political marriages to cement alliances. Others were marriages to the widows of his companions who had fallen in combat and were in need of protection.
    Were Safiyyah forced to marry prophet Muhammad?

    According to Martin Lings, Prophet Muhammad told Safiyyah that he was prepared to set her free, and he offered her the choice between remaining a Jewess and returning to her people or entering Islam and becoming his wife. "I choose God and His Messenger," she said; and they were married at the first halt on the homeward march.

    How did she feel about him ?
    Safiyya bint Huyay narrtes, ‘There was no one more loathsome in my eyes than the Messenger of God, who had killed both my father and husband. However, THIS FEELING DISAPPEARED FROM MY HEART when the Messenger of God repeatedly clarified his position to me by telling me that my father had been responsible for instigating the Arabs against and for numerous other felonies.
    As a human being, of-course it is natural, normal to have these feelings towards the Messenger. What the critics conveniently leave out in the same report, she goes on to accept that her father and others were guilty of many heinous crimes, in which led to the Prophet to take action against them.

    Safiyya no longer had such feelings towards Prophet Muhammed when she understood what they had done.

    Furthermore, if she had hated the Prophet as critics claim, then why didn’t she go back to her family when Muhammed gave her the choice to be free, but she choice to stay?

    In another report, after Muslims army approached khaibar, she told Kinanah about a dream..Kinana slapped her and accused her that she desires to marry the prophet. This slap caused a green bruise for a while..

    From here on, Safiyya praised Prophet, to the extent she said: Safiyyah moved to the house of the Prophet. He loved, appreciated and honored her to the extent that he made her say, “I have never seen a good-natured person as the Messenger of Allah."
    • Ma sha Allah! Ma sha Allah! x 1

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