Wearing gold on which Aayat al-Kursiy is engraved or which is in the shape of an eye

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  1. Abu Sarah
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    Wearing gold on which
    Aayat al-Kursiy and the name of Allaah is engraved
    or which is in the shape of an eye

    =========================================

    Firstly:

    It is not prescribed to write Aayat al-Kursiy or the name of Allaah on pieces of gold that are to be worn, because that is a kind of disrespect. It may also be an imitation of the Jews and Christians who hang up or wear things that they revere, such as the cross etc.


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    But:

    There is a concession allowing writing names on rings, even if the name includes the name of Allaah, such as Abd-Allaah or ‘Abd al-Rahmaan. Similarly there is nothing wrong with writing useful words on a ring even if they include the name of Allaah, such as al-hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allaah), tawakkaltu ‘ala Allaah (I put my trust in Allaah) etc. Many such reports have been narrated from the Sahaabah and Taabi’een.


    There is nothing wrong with a man wearing a ring of silver, and there is nothing wrong with writing the name of Allaah and the like on it.

    Al-Bukhaari (5877) and Muslim (2092) narrated from Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah :saw: (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) acquired a ring of silver, on which was engraved Muhammad Rasool Allaah, and he said to the people: “I have acquired a ring of silver and engraved on it Muhammad Rasool Allaah, and no one should have an engraving like this.”


    This indicates that it is permissible to engrave the name of Allaah on a ring. What the Prophet :saw: (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade was for anyone else to engrave the same as he had, because it contained his name and description. Moreover, he acquired this ring in order to use it as a seal, so it was a sign that was unique to him and distinguished him from others. If it were permissible for anyone to have the same engraving, that purpose would be defeated. This was stated by al-Haafiz in al-Fath.

    It was narrated that many of the salaf had phrases engraved on their rings that included the name of Allaah, some of which were mentioned by al-Haafiz in al-Fath, who said:

    In al-Musannaf, Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated that Ibn ‘Umar had engraved on his ring “ ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar.”

    Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated that Hudhayfah and Abu ‘Ubaydah each had a ring on which was engraved “al-hamdu Lillaah (praise be to Allaah).”

    Ali had a ring on which it said “Allaah al-Malik (Allaah the Sovereign)”.

    Ibraaheem al-Nakha’i had a ring on which it said “Billaah (by the help of Allaah).

    Masrooq had a ring on which it said “Bismillaah (in the name of Allaah).”

    Abu Ja’far al-Baaqir had a ring on which it said “al-‘Izzah Lillaah (Glory belongs to Allaah).”

    It was narrated from al-Hasan and al-Husayn that there is nothing wrong with engraving the name of Allaah on a ring. Al-Nawawi said: this is the view of the majority. It was narrated from Ibn Sireen and some scholars that it is makrooh. End quote.

    Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated with a saheeh isnaad from Ibn Sireen that he did not see anything wrong with a man writing on his ring “Hasbi Allaah (Allaah is sufficient for me)” and the like. This indicates that it is not proven that he regarded it as makrooh. We may reconcile the reports by saying that it is regarded as makrooh when there is the fear that it may be worn by one who is junub or menstruating, or that a person may clean himself after reliving himself using the hand on which it is worn, and it is permissible when there is no risk of that, so it is only regarded as makrooh because of the danger of it being exposed to disrespect. End quote.


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    The Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwas was asked: We sell hearts in which the name of Allaah is written, which are bought by Arabs and non-Arabs of every kind. We may tell the Arabs that it is haraam to take them into the toilet. Please advise us on the ruling on selling them.

    They replied: Selling jewellery on which the name of Allaah is written is not permissible, unless it is erased from it.

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    A similar question was submitted to the Committee which they answered in Fatwa no. 2077,

    the text of which is as follows:

    We attach with out letter some gold jewellery on which is written the name of Allaah. This jewellery is used by our Muslim women as an adornment only. A while ago our brothers in the Committee for the Enjoining of Virtue and Elimination of Vice (enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil) told us that using this jewellery is haraam, because the name of Allaah is written on it. We tell you that this jewellery is only used by Muslims as an adornment, unlike the women of the Jews and Christians, as the Christians wear jewellery on which there are pictures of the cross and images of idols, and the Jews wear jewellery on which there are pictures of the star of David. We hope that you can explain this issue.


    They replied as follows: Since this jewellery has the name of Allaah written on it and is intended for Muslim women to wear around their necks, as Christian women wear a cross and Jewish women wear a star of David, and since things on which the name of Allaah is written may be worn to ward off harm or bring benefits, or for other purposes, and wearing it may expose it to disrespect such as if a person sleeps in it and rolls on top of it, or wears it in places where it is makrooh to take anything in which is written the words of Allaah or the name of Allaah, the committee thinks that it is not permissible to use this jewellery on which the name of Allaah is written, so as to avoid imitation of the Christians and Jews whom the Muslims are forbidden to imitate, and so as to block the means that may lead to evil, and so as to protect the name of Allaah from disrespect, and because of the general meaning of the prohibition on wearing amulets. End quote from Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (13/473)

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    Secondly:

    There is nothing wrong with wearing gold in the shape of a heart, but if it is in the shape of a hand or eye, or it contains blue beads, then it should not be worn, because they wear these things or hang them up in the belief that they ward off the evil eye or bring good luck.

    Even if a Muslim does not wear them on the basis of such corrupt beliefs, he still should not wear them, because by doing so he is imitating those who wear them for these reasons, and that may lead people to think badly of him, as they will think that he is wearing it to ward off the evil eye. So it is not permissible to wear them in that case. This comes under the heading of wearing amulets, which is forbidden.

    Ahmad (17458) narrated from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir al-Juhani (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah :saw: (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever wears an amulet has associated something with Allaah (shirk).” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’.

    Ahmad also narrated (17440) that ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah :saw:(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever wears an amulet, may Allaah not fulfil his need, and whoever wears a sea-shell, may Allaah not give him peace.” Classed as hasan by Shu’ayb al-Arna’oot in Tahqeeq al-Musnad.


    An amulet is something that is worn to ward off the evil eye and protect against disaster.

    Al-Khattaabi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: An amulet is a bead that they used to wear in the belief that it could ward off disaster.

    Al-Baghawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Amulets are beads that the Arabs used to put on their children to protect them against the evil eye. This was declared false by sharee’ah. See: al-Ta’reefaat al-I’tiqaadiyyah, p. 121.


    Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Sea-shells were taken from the sea and worn to ward off the evil eye. They say that if a person wears this shell he will not be affected by the evil eye or by the jinn.

    With regard to the phrase “may Allaah not give him peace” it was said that it means, may Allaah not give him tranquility, and the opposite of tranquillity is anxiety and grief.

    And it was said: May Allaah not let him achieve any good, thus he is given the opposite of what he was asking for..

    The phrase “has associated something with Allaah (shirk)” refers to major shirk, if he believes that the amulet itself bring benefits or wards off harm without the command of Allaah. Otherwise it is minor shirk.

    End quote from al-Qawl al-Mufeed Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed (1/189).


    Whoever is given a gold item of this type should not wear it. He may sell it but he should erase some of its markings before selling it so that it cannot be worn, and has to be melted down and made into something new.

    And Allaah knows best.

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