:salam2: Some cases in which gheebah ( backbiting) is permitted Praise be to Allaah. Gheebah (backbiting) means saying something about one’s Muslim brother that he dislikes, such as criticizing him and running him down and the like. But there are some situations mentioned by the scholars in which a Muslim may talk about his brother if that serves an interest. These situations include asking for one’s rights from a wrongdoer, so he may say to the judge or ruler, for example: So and so wronged me by doing such and such. Another case is seeking a fatwa, where the person may say to the mufti: So and so did such and such to me; does he have the right to do that or not? Another case is warning the Muslims against evil or dubious people,such as exposing those in whose character is something questionable with regard to among narration (of hadeeth) and testimony. Another case is asking about a person in cases of marriage, business or neighbourhood. Another case is mentioning by name those who commit evil openly Another case is identifying a person if there is no intention of belittling him, so that he is known by a nickname such as al-A’mash (bleary-eyed), al-A’raj (lame), al-Asamm (deaf) and so on. And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. Fataawa Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’ (26/10).