A-Z to Perform wudu and Prayer

Abu Sarah

Allahu Akbar
Staff member

As-salam Alaykum Wa-rahmatullahi Wa-barakatuh


Cleanliness (Taharah) is an important precondition of Islamic worship. Wudu is an essential part of Cleanliness. Salah(prayer) is not valid without Wudu' or Tayammum(dry Ablution).

Allah says in the Qur'an :

"Surely Allah loves those who turn to Him and those who care for cleanliness" (2:22).


1. First make Niyyah (Intention) that you are making Wudu' for Salah
N.B the place of intention is the heart
and begin saying. "Bismillah.." (In the name of Allah, the most merciful and the most kind).
Wash both hands up to the wrist three times,
making sure that water has reached between the fingers.


2.3,4 rinsed ur mouth and cleaned ur nose with water (three times)

Put a handful of water into your mouth and back it Sniff water into your nostrils three times to clean them and then wash the tip of the nose.


5,6 Wash your face three times from right ear to left ear and from forehead to throat.


7. Wash your right arm and then your left arm thoroughly from wrist up to elbow three times.


( 8 a & b) Move the wet palms over the head from the top of forehead to the back of the head.


9) Pass the wet tips of index fingers into the grooves and holes of both ears and also pass the wet thumbs behind the ears


10. Finally, wash both feet to the ankles starting from the right, making sure that water has reached between the toes and all other parts of the feet.

At the end of the above steps recite:

"Ash-hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wa ash-hadu anna Muammadan 'abduhu wa rasuluh."
Meaning: I testify that there si no god but Allah and He is One and has no partner and I also testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.

You Should repeat your Wudu after :

1. Natural discharge (e.g. urine, stool, wind and the like)
2. Flow of blood or pus from any part of the body.
3. Full mouth vomiting
4. Falling asleep.


Al-Ghusl (The Washing Or Bath)

The greater purification, Al-Ghusl, is obligatory when one is defiled as a result of nocturnal emission (or a wet dream),marital intercourse, child birth, or when entering into the fold of Islam.

The procedure is as follows: Begin with the name of Allah as for Wudu.
Wash the hands and the affected parts of the body with water to remove any impurity. Perform Wudu as above.
The wash the whole body three times, using clean water for each wash.


Tayammum (Dry Ablution)

On certain occasions, it may become either impossible (e.g.. when water cannot be found or just enough for drinking is available), or it is dangerous, because of illness, to use water for Wudu or Al-Ghusl. In such situations, Tayammum (dry ablution) is performed.

The Procedure: Begin with the name of Allah. Strike both palms on sand, or anything containing sand or dust, like a wall or stone etc., against with the palms. Rub the right hand with the left palm from the wrist to the elbowed similarly for the left hand with the right palm. Finish with the Kalimatu Ash-Shahadah as for Wudu.

Having Cleansed yourself by Wudu, you can now proceed to perform Salah. You must have a clean body, a clean place and wear clean clothes before you start offer Salah .

useful links.....

Sifat Wudoo' an Nabee - Prophet's Wudu

How to Perform Wudhu - Ablutions

At Tayammum

Abu Sarah

Allahu Akbar
Staff member


Salah in Islam is a unique institution. It brings man closer to Allah by harmonising his mental attitude with physical posture. In Salah, a Muslim submits himself completely to his creator.

When you are sure that you have fulfilled all the necessary conditions for Salah, you are ready to offer Salat. A detailed account of how to say Salah is given below.


Fig. 1

Say to yourself that you intend to offer his Salah

(Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib or Isha) Fardh or Sunnah.

N.B the place of intention is the heart

Then raise your hands to your ears (as in fig. 1)

Saying: Allahu Akbar.(Allah is the greatest).


Figure (2)

Now Placing you right hand on the left, just below, above or on the navel
recite the following:-

Subhanaka Allahum-Ma Wa Bi Hamdika
O Allah, Glorified, praise wothty.

Watabaraka Kamuka Wata'ala Jaddoka
and blessed is Thy name and exalted Thy Majesty

Wa La Ilaha Ghayroka
and there is no deity worthy of worship except Thee.

A'U Zu Bil La Hi Minashaitanir Rajim
I seek refuge in Allah from the rejected satan

Bismi Lah'ir Rahman Ir Rahim


In the Name of Allah, The Beneficient, The Merciful.
After this recite the opening Surah, Al-Fatiha: click Here

Nb:- For Corresponding Arabic Text Refer to Holy Quran
For Recitation Surah Fatiha

Alhamdo Lil Lahi Rab Bil A'lamin
Praise be for Allah, Lord of the Worlds

Ar Rahman Ir Rahim
the Beneficent, the Merciful

Maliki Yaumiddin
Master of the Day of Judgement.

Iyya Ka Na Bu Do Wa Iyya Ka Nas Taeen
Thee alone we worship and to Thee alone we turn for help.

IhDi Nas SiRaTal Mus Ta Qeema
Guide us in the straight path.

Sira Tal La Zina An Amta Alaihim
the path of those whom you favoured

Ghairil Magh Du Bi Alaihim
and who did not deserve Thy anger

Wa Lad Dall Lin (Amin)
or went astray.


Now recite the following or any other passage from the Holy Qura'n:
For Recitation Surah Ikhlaas click Here


In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

Qul Ho Wal Laho Ahad
Say: Allah is one and the only God.

Allah Hus Sa Mad
Allah, upon whom all depend.

Lam Yalid Wa Lam Yu Lad
He Begets not, nor is he Begotten,

Wa Lam Yak'ul La Hu Kufu Wan Ahad
and there is nothing which can be compared to him.





Now Bow down saying:

Allahu Akbar
Allah is the greatest.

Place your hands on your knees and in this inclinde positon (Ruku as shown in fig. 3)

recite these words thrice:

Subha Narab Bi Yal Azim
Glory to my Lord the Great.

Then come to the standing position (fig 4.) Saying:

Sami Allahu Li Man Hami Dah
Allah has heard all who praise Him.

Rab Ba Na Lakal Hamd
Our Lord: Prais be to Thee.







Now Saying "Allahu Akbar"

Prostrate on the ground with your forehead, the knees, the nose & palms of both hands

touching the ground

. In this position (Sajdah - as in fig. 5 repeat these words three times at least:)

Subhana Rab Bi Yal A'Ala
Glory to my Lord, the most high.

Subhana Rab Bi Yal A'Ala
Glory to my Lord, the most high.

Subhana Rab Bi Yal A'Ala
Glory to my Lord, the most high.

Sit upright with knees still on the ground
after a moments rest perform the second

Sajdah saying:

Allahu Akbar
Allah is the greatest.

In the second sajdah as before recite the following word thrice:

Subhana Rab Bi Yal A'Ala
Glory to my Lord, the most high.

This completes on rakah of Salah.

The second rakah is said in the same way except that after the second Sajdaj you sit back, with the left foot bent towards right, which should be placed vertical to the mat. The palms should be lifted from the mat & placed on the knees.

In this position (Q'adah-as showm in fig. 6 & 7) silently say these words(Tashahhud):

At Ta Ya To Lil Lahi Wa Sala Wato Wa Tay Yi Bato
All prayers & Worship through words, action & sanctity are for Allah only.

As Sa La Mo Alaika Ay Yo Han Na Biy Yo
Peace be on you, O Prophet.

Wa Rah Ma Tul La Hi Wa Bara Ka To Hu
and mercy of Allah and His blessings.

As Salmu Alaina Wa Ala Iba Dil Lahis Saliheen
Peace be on us & on those who are righteous servants of Allah.

Ash Had Du Al La Ilaha Il La Laho
I bear witness tp the fact that there is no diety but Allah.

Wa Ash Ha Du An Na Muhammadan Ab Du Hu
and I bear witness that Muhammad is his slave & messenger.

In a three rakah(i.e. Maghrib) or Four rakah(like Zuhr, Asr & Isha) Salah you stand up for the remaining rakah after Tashahhud. On the other hand if it is a two rakah(Fajr) Salah, keep sitting and after this recite Darood (blessing for the Prophet) in these words.

Allah Hum Sal Li Ala Muhammad Din Wa Al'a Aali Muhammadin
O Allah, Exalt Muhammad & The Followers Of Muhammad.

Ka Maa Sal lay Ta Ala Ibraheema Wa Ala Aali Ibraheema
As Thou did exalt Ibrahim & His Followers

Inna Ka Hameedum Majeed
Thou Art The Praised, The Glourious.

Allah Hum Ma Baa Rik Ala Muhammadin
O Allah, Bless Muhammad

Wa Ala Aali Muhammadin
And His Followers

Ka Maa Ba Rak Ta Ala Ibraheema Wa Ala Aali Ibraheema
As Thou has Blest Ibrahim & His Followers

Inna Ka Hameedum Majeed
Thou Art The Praised, The Glorious


Then Silently Say:-

Allahumma Inni Zalamtu Nafsi Zulman Kathiran Wa La Yaghfirud Dhunuba Illa Anta Faghfirli Naghfiratan Min 'Indika Wa Arhamni Innaka Antal Ghafurur Rahim.
This means: "O Aallah, I have been very unjust to myself and none grants pardons against sins but You, therefore, forgive me with Your Forgiveness and have mercy on me. Surely You are the Forgiver, the Merciful.

( fig 8 )
(fig 9)

Now turn your face to the right(as shown in fig 8) saying:-

Asslamo Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah
Peace be on you & Allah's Blessing

Now turn your face to the left(as shown in fig 9) saying:-

Asslamo Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah
Peace be on you & Allah's Blessing

<wasalam Alaykum>


Staff member
Assalamu Alaikum



Jazzak-Allah khair for sharing,this will come really handy.:)


Abu Sarah

Allahu Akbar
Staff member
Assalam Alaykum my noble Brother / Adnan..

bark Allaah feek...Akhi
Inshallah you'll get a good space in heaven

Jazzak-Allah khair for sharing,Thank you very much

may Allaah reward All us Jannat al Firdaus without any account..Ameen Ya Rab..

i leave u in care of Allaah


New Member
differences in womens positions during prayer compared to mens

Asalam alaikum everyone,
Inshallah I hope someone can help me with this. When I converted to Islam I chose to follow Hanifi, and so there are differences in the prayer positions for the women compared to men. I have another friend (sister) who that I met and she like me originally learned on our own from books how to pray.
Now she is asking me why I pray differently than her, and when I asked some other sisters they said don't concern with madhabs at this point.
So now Please can someone shed some light for me. She wants me to teach her what I learned and I'm not sure if I should now?????
Jazakallah Khair!!


Junior Member
A-Z to Perform wudu and Prayer quran online

Wudu or ablution may be performed for any purpose, and praying 2 rakaats after every wudu as 'tahiyyat-al wazu' is a highly meritorious act. Aqaba Ibn Amir has related that the blessed Prophet said, "When one performs ablution and performs it well and then prays 2 rakaats in such a way that his face, and also his heart are turned to Allah, Paradise becomes a certainty for him." (Muslim, Abu Da'ud, Nisai)

Abu Hurairah has related that the eternally blessed Messenger of Allah said to Bilal, "Tell me from which of your acts you expect the most merit, because during Meraj (Assention), I heard your footsteps in front of me." Bilal said, "The act due to which I expect maximum mercy from Allah is that whenever during day or night, I have performed ablution, I have prayed as much as I could." (Bukhari and Muslim)

It takes two to three minutes to pray 2 rakaats after ablution, but it is immensely rewarding. If it is time for one of the 5 compulsory prayers, then it is better to pray 2 rakaats tahiyyat-al wudu first, but if there is no time then fard or sunnah should be performed with (additional) intent of tahiyyat-al wudu. This might earn the merit due to tahiyyat-al wudu.

reading online quran listen to quran recitation read quran online


New Member

thanks for sharing this in details....you are such a great person in this forum...may Allah Bless You..insyaallah.

Ashad Mehmood

New Member
I want to ask one thing do we have to do it step by step or we can do like first washing our face and then doing the rest not in the given order?