Muslim Fasting – The Sunnah Traditions of Ramadan


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Muslim Fasting – The Sunnah Traditions of Ramadan

Fasting According to the Sunnah of Prophet Mohammad

There are five things that Prophet Mohammad never gave up and were reported by Hafsah, "There are five things that the Prophet never abandoned: fasting the day of 'Ashurah, fasting the [first] ten [days of Zhul-Hijjah], fasting three days of every month and praying two rak'ah before the dawn prayer." This is related by Ahmad and an-Nasa'i.

Suhoor is A Blessing to Those Who Will Submit

After the niyah (intention) is made silently, a light meal called suhoor before the beginning of the fast is necessary when following the Sunnah traditions of Ramadan. Suhoor can be as little as a date and a few sips of water but is very necessary as the angels ask for forgiveness for the Muslim partaking of suhoor.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "Have suhoor, for in suhoor there is blessing (barakah)." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, 4/139).

Keeping Away From Sins

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "Whoever does not stop speaking falsehood and acting in accordance with it, Allah has no need of him giving up his food and drink." (Al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 1903).

Being the Most Generous

Another Sunnah tradition of Ramadan is being very generous. It is a time to help the poor and the needy and to give the best, not the worst. It is a time when all Muslims should rush to help those in need. Prophet Mohammad never refused anyone who asked of him.
"The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) was more generous in doing good than a blowing wind." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath no. 6).

Rush to Break the Fast

Another Sunnah tradition of the prophet was to rush to break the fast. When breaking the fast say, "Allahumma laka sumtu wa 'ala ridhqika aftartu" (O Allah! For You did I fast and with Your bounties did I break the fast.). Prophet Mohammad use to break the fast with fresh dates. If fresh dates were not available then dried dates and if dried dates were not available, then water. After eating the dates and drinking the water, Prophet Mohammad prayed.

It is important not to overfill the stomach when breaking the fast. The Sunnah states to fill the stomach with 1/3 food, 1/3 water and to leave 1/3 empty. Then after the meal is finished say, "The thirst has gone and the veins have recovered and the blessing is established if Allah wills" (dhahaba dhamaa'a wabtallat al-urooq wa thabatal ajr inshaa'allaah) [Ahmad, Al-Baihaaqee].


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