Latinized And English Names of Arabic Origin

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    uzeshan S.O.A

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    The concepts developed by the Muslim astronomers and scientists were widely studied in Europe and became the basis of modern astronomy and science.
    Most of the names of stars in European languages are derived from Arabic origin as shown in the table below.

    Latinized/English Name ----> [/COLOR]Arabic Name
    Achernar ----> Akhir al-Nahr
    Acrab ----> Aqrab (Scorpion)
    Altair ----> Nasr al-Tair
    Daneb ----> Dhanab al-Dujajah
    Denebola ----> Dhanab al-Asad
    Fomal Haut ----> Famm al-Hut


    In the Mathematical vocabulary the Algebra, zenith, Nadir and cipher are borrowed from Arabic words.

    Latinized/English Name ---->Arabic Name
    Algebra ----> al-Jabr
    Algorism, Algorithm ----> Al-Khawarizmi
    Zenith ----> Cenit
    Azimuth ----> Al-sumut
    Cipher, Zero ----> Sifr


    Famous Scientists


    Arabic Name Latinized/ ----> English Name
    Jabir Ibn Haiyan ----> Geber
    Al-Khawarizmi ----> Algorism, Algorithm
    Al-Kindi ----> Alkindus
    Al-Battani ----> Albategnius
    Al-Farghani ----> Al-Fraganus
    Al-Razi ----> Rhazes
    Al-Farabi ----> Al-Pharabius
    Abu Al-Qasim Al-Zahravi ----> Albucasis
    Al-Haitham ----> Alhazen
    Abu Al-Hasan Al-Mawardi ----> Alboacen
    Ibn Sina ----> Avicenna
    Ibn Zuhr ----> Avenzoar
    Ibn Rushd ----> Averroes
    Al-Zarqali ----> Arzachel
    Al-Bitruji ----> Alpetragius
    Al-Sufi ----> Azophi
    Ibn Bajah ----> Avempace
    Ali Abbas ----> Hale Abbas
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