Allahu Akbar! Prophet Muhammad was not Mentally Ill !

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    Why the Prophet Muhammad was not Mentally Ill: Part I – Schizophrenia
    (Tayyab Pirzada)

    نٓ‌ۚ وَٱلۡقَلَمِ وَمَا يَسۡطُرُونَ
    مَآ أَنتَ بِنِعۡمَةِ رَبِّكَ بِمَجۡنُونٍ۬

    “By the inkstand and by the pen and by that which they write.
    You [Muhammad] are not, by the grace of your Lord, mentally ill.” (Qur’ān, 68:2-3)

    Introduction

    Of the various criticisms against the Prophet Muhammad (sa) by modern atheists, one that is especially naive is the notion that the Prophet Muhammad (sa) was somehow mentally ill, and that the revelations he purportedly received from a Divine source were in fact the product of his own disturbed mind. Notwithstanding the amount of prophecies in the Qur’ān that were fulfilled not only in the Prophet’s own lifetime but in the lives of his successors (the Caliphs) as well as even in modern times, this article will instead analyze the possibility of mental illness as the source of the revelations from a clinical psychological perspective. The author, though not a professional in mental health, is studying neuroscience and mental health at the university level and intends to pursue the clinical neurology field in the future, God Willing.

    Inasmuch as hallucinations are concerned whether auditory or visual, these episodes of psychosis fall under mainly four disorders, two psychiatric and two neurological, that of schizophrenia, delirium, dementia, and epilepsy. We shall analyze the diagnostic criteria for each and see if they applied to the Prophet Muhammad (sa), after which a discussion on the nature and probable neurological mechanism of revelation (God speaking to man) will be addressed. This research will be released in parts, with Part I (the current) about schizophrenia, part II regarding delirium, Part III on dementia, Part IV on epilepsy, and Part V on the nature and neurological mechanism of revelation, along with instances of such in the scientific world.

    Schizophrenia

    [​IMG]
    Schizophrenic brain scans; associated with enlarged ventricles and decreased temporal grey matter

    Schizophrenia is a severely disabling mental disorder involving hallucinations and delusions, as well as often paranoia and irrational beliefs.


    The clinical diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Vol. 5 (DSM-5) are listed as follows:

    A. Two (or more) of the following, each present for a significant portion of time during a 1-month period (or less if successfully treated). At least one of these must be (1), (2), or (3):


    1. Delusions.
    2. Hallucinations.
    3. Disorganized speech (e.g., frequent derailment or incoherence).
    4. Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior.
    5. Negative symptoms (i.e., diminished emotional expression or avolition).

    B. For a significant portion of the time since the onset of the disturbance, level of functioning in one or more major areas, such as work, interpersonal relations, or self-care, is markedly below the level achieved prior to the onset (or when the onset is in childhood or adolescence, there is failure to achieve expected level of interpersonal, academic, or occupational functioning).

    C. Continuous signs of the disturbance persist for at least 6 months. This 6-month period must include at least 1 month of symptoms (or less if successfully treated) that meet Criterion A (i.e., active-phase symptoms) and may include periods of prodromal or residual symptoms. During these prodromal or residual periods, the signs of the disturbance may be manifested by only negative symptoms or by two or more symptoms listed in Criterion A present in an attenuated form (e.g., odd beliefs, unusual perceptual experiences).

    D. Schizoaffective disorder and depressive or bipolar disorder with psychotic features have been ruled out because either 1) no major depressive or manic episodes have occurred concurrently with the active-phase symptoms, or 2) if mood episodes have occurred during active-phase symptoms, they have been present for a minority of the total duration of the active and residual periods of the illness.

    E. The disturbance is not attributable to the physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or another medical condition.

    F. If there is a history of autism spectrum disorder or a communication disorder of childhood onset, the additional diagnosis of schizophrenia is made only if prominent delusions or hallucinations, in addition to the other required symptoms of schizophrenia, are also present for at least 1 month (or less if successfully treated).

    Now we will analyze each of these criteria that are relevant in turn (with the exception of C-D since they build on A-B, and the exception of F since the diagnosis is for the Prophet when he was an adult).

    A.) 1. Prophet Muhammad (sa) did not have any false delusions as schizophrenics usually have, which are most often of a persecutory nature and are opposed to reality. A schizophrenic may think that the government is out to get him/her and may display ideas of reference (i.e. seeing supposed signs of things in neutral stimuli, such as seeing “proof of a government plot” in a newspaper cutting). The Prophet (sa) did not display any such delusions that would usually be distressing to the individual. On the contrary, he was firm in his conviction as a prophet to the extent that when asked by the Meccans to abandon his call as a prophet, he said:

    “Even if they placed the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left, to force me to renounce my work, verily I would not desist thereform until Allah made manifest His cause, or I perished in the attempt.”[1]

    It could however be argued that he may have suffered from delusions of grandeur (which usually manifest themselves in the schizophrenic thinking that God has chosen him/her for for some special mission or that he/she holds some place of status), however this is also debunked by the fact that the Meccans offered the Prophet (sa) riches and status if he stopped his prophetic mission yet he refused. In addition, he was known as al-Amīn (the trustworthy) and al-Sādiq (the truthful) among the Arabs prior to his mission. In fact, when he stood on a mountain and asked the Meccans if they would believe him if he hypothetically said that an army was approaching the city of Mecca, they unanimously agreed that they would.[2] An entire society of people including its most intellectual would not accept the ramblings of a delusional person. And yet all the Meccans unanimously agreed he was truthful, and later the chieftains of Arab society in Mecca became his followers including ‘Umar bin al-Khattāb, Abū Sufyān bin Harb, ‘Uthmān bin al-‘Affān, and others.

    2. It could be argued that his revelations constituted hallucinations, but this will be discussed in due forth.

    3. It is recorded in the earliest biographical accounts that when the Prophet (sa) would speak, he would be coherent, speak in a moderate tone, and often repeat himself at least once to make the message clear.[3] This is not the disorganized speech shown by schizophrenics.

    4. The Prophet (sa) did not display catatonia (immobility in strange bodily positions over extensive periods of time), which is a (rare) symptom displayed by some schizophrenics.

    5. The Prophet (sa) did not display any of the negative symptoms for schizophrenia, which include flat affect (facial expression of emotion) and avolition (lack of motivation to do anything). On the contrary, a companion named ‘Abdullah bin Hārith narrates that “I did not see anyone who smiled more than the Messenger of Allāh.” [4] It is well recorded as well, that the Prophet (sa) would often cry to let out his emotions, during prayer or otherwise.


    B.) The revelations experienced by the Prophet (sa) did not impair him in any way. On the contrary, he was able to effectively function in marital and family life, as well as function as the head of an entire state in Madinah. In addition to this, it should be noted that a very prominent symptom of schizophrenia is the failure to maintain regular standards of self-hygiene. The Prophet Muhammad (sa) on the other hand was known to be extremely particular in matters of hygiene, to the point that he said he brushed his teeth almost before every time he prayed during the five daily prayers. He in fact stated that “Cleanliness is half of faith.” [5]

    E.) The Prophet (sa) did not take any form of drug or intoxicant for recreational use in his entire life, although it was the custom of the Arabs of the time.

    In addition to all this, it should be noted that epidemiological studies have revealed that schizophrenia has an onset of late adolescence and early adulthood (especially for males)[6], while the Prophet (sa) received his first verbal revelation at age 40. According to this diagnosis, the Prophet (sa) was not in any way or form suffering from any type of schizophrenia.

    Works Cited
    1 Sīrah Ibn Hishām of ‘Abdul-Mālik bin Hishām (died 213 A.H.)
    2 Tārīkh al-Tabarī (History of Tabarī) of Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad bin al-Jarīr al-Ṭabarī, Vol. II, pg. 228; Tārīkh al-Khamīs of Hussayn bin Muhammad bin Hasan Dayār Bakrī, Part I, p. 279
    3 Shamā’il al-Tirmidhī of ‘Abu Abū ‘Īsa Muhammad al-Tirmidhī (died 279 A.H.), Chapter on the Speech of the Prophet (sa), pg. 107
    4 Shamā’il al-Tirmidhī of ‘Abu Abū ‘Īsa Muhammad al-Tirmidhī (died 279 A.H.), Chapter on the Laughter of the Prophet (sa), pg. 109
    5 Sahīh Muslim, Book of Purification (2), Hadith #1
    6 Erick Messias, Chuan-Yu Chen, and William W. Eaton. “Epidemiology of Schizophrenia: Review of Findings and Myths.Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 30, 3 (September 2007): 323–338.
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    Q: Could it not have been that Muhammad(pbuh) suffered from Schizophrenia and that the feeling of revelations was but a symptom of that disorder? In fact, was he not called a madman by his contemporaries?

    Answer:

    It has been the most important allegation of the rationalists that prophet Muhammad(pbuh) suffered from Schizophrenia. For, as far as those who will not recognize the existence of God are concerned, no matter how often the truth of revelation is reiterated to them, they will never ever appreciate it. It is for this reason that any discussion with the atheist must, necessarily, begin with the issue of the existence of God. How, indeed, can a people, who reject the very existence of the Lord Creator himself, be made to accept the truthfulness of a revelation that proceeds from Him ?

    With regard to the question posed here, however, it is its second part that must actually be dealt with first. Was Muhammad(pbuh) called a madman by his contemporaries? If so, then what were the symptoms of madness, which he exhibited, on the basis of which they had made this allegation?

    Upto the age of forty, Muhammad(pbuh) had been the owner of a personality that was truthful in its disposition and accepted by all in society. In this long period of time none had ever, in any way, attributed to him the state of lunacy.

    It is, however, true that after prophethood he had been subject to the allegation of being a madman. But significantly enough, it was not just a madman that Muhammad(pbuh) was called. Indeed, he had been abused with the allegations of being a sorcerer, a magician, one affected by witchcraft, a poet and the like. Was it because of a marked and obvious difference in his personality, or mental disposition, that they abused him as being such ? That this was, indeed, the case, was never advocated by any of them. Their problem had been the Qur'an and the ideas which it contained. Muhammad(pbuh) had spoken out against their traditional beliefs. Moreover, because he had called it Divine, people were fast being attracted to the Qur'an which he now recited to them.All these allegations against him were but the deliberate fabrications of the guardians of the traditional religion who now realized that they had to resort to his character assasination if they were to isolate him from the people.

    The time when Muhammad(pbuh) had publicly declared his prophethood; the time of the Hajj was at hand. The leaders of Mecca greatly feared that Muhammad(pbuh) would propagate his religion among the people who would come from all the different parts of Arabia and that they would be attracted by the Qur'an. Forthwith did they convene a meeting. It was then decided that they would first meet with those who arrived for the Hajj and unleash a propaganda against Muhammad(pbuh). The next discussion centered on the question as to how Muhammad(pbuh) was to be described. That each should give a different description would be an affront to their own credibility. What, then, would be the allegation that may be made in common between them? Some said, "Let us say that Muhammad(pbuh) is a soothsayer." To this, Waleed bin Mugheera, a prominent tribal chief retorted, "That can never be. For, by Allah, he is not a soothsayer and we have seen soothsayers. Muhammad’s words are not the prophecies of soothsayers." Yet others said, "We shall say that he is a madman." Then said Waleed, "He is not a madman. We have seen madmen and he has nothing either of their mad talk or of their antics and devilish tendencies." At this, they said, "Then, in that case, let us say that he is a poet." But Waleed countered, "He is no poet. For we are aware of all the types of poetry and, for a surety, it is not poetry that he uttereth." The people then said, " Let us say, then, that he is a sorcerer." But Waleed retorted once again, "He is no sorcerer and he uses neither their knots nor their lutes."

    "Then what is it that you propose?" they demanded. He then declared, "Verily, there is a particular sweetness in his words. Its value is expansive, even as fruit-laden are its branches. For a certainty, all that you may utter against him will, in time, prove to be meaningless and futile. It is, therefore, suitable that he be described as a magician who is out to disrupt the ties between father and children, husband and wife as well as between the older and the younger brother!" Accept this the people did. They started, also, the propagation likewise.

    What is it that this incident gives us to understand?

    The allegation that he was a madman was but one among the other false propaganda fabricated by his enemies to alienate the people from the guidance of the prophet. In fact, the very people who spread this misconception themselves never believed in it. It is for this same reason, therefore, that to accept as evidence their allegation will be to do that which will amount to rank foolishness.

    The prophet had lived fourteen centuries ago. As such, to examine whether he did actually suffer from schizophrenia is, as of today, beyond us. It is, however, the revelation and dreams which he experienced that are now upheld as evidences by those who allege that Muhammad(pbuh) had, indeed, been a schizophrenic patient. Moreover, this claim has been put forward by the critics on the basis of the ahadith which describes the nature of the revelation as told by the prophet and the external and physical changes to which the prophet was subjected while in receipt of the divine revelation. However, an impartial enquiry into the subject as to whether the symptoms of a schizophrenic disorder were, indeed, present in the prophet will make it amply clear that this allegation is without any substance, whatsoever.

    One : The behavioural patterns of a schizophrenic patient is constantly in a flux. This inconsistency manifests itself in the behaviour displayed while dealing with other people and in one’s conversation as well.

    Examine the life and speech of Muhammad(pbuh). We are unable to trace out any contradiction, whatsoever, in his approach or character. If prophet Muhammad(pbuh) was, indeed, the owner of a code of behaviour that constantly shifted as well as of a manner of talking in which there was no relation between his present and past utterances, how was it possible that he did have so many trustworthy and devoted companions?

    The companions of Muhammad(pbuh) were never like the followers of the ordinary divines whom we have come to know of today. They were ever engaged in carrying out into practice all that he recommended them to accomplish. Is it believable that a great multitude of people would go on to carry out the bidding of a schizophrenic patient?

    Two : The responses of the schizophrenic patient, will also be contradictory. Indeed, such people might burst out crying in times of joy and burst out laughing in times of grief. It is also seen that they cry and laugh for no particular reason.
    The responses exhibited by Muhammad (pbuh) were, however, well-balanced. Consider just an incident in this regard. The prophet was once resting himself in the shade of a tree. Suddenly he is confronted by an attacker with a drawn-out sword who asks, "Who will now save thee from myself ?" With firmness came the prophet’s reply, "Allah!" Upon hearing this reply, behind which stood a great, and manifest, conviction, the sword slipped down from the hand of the would-be attacker.

    Is it possible to expect such strength of conviction from a schizophrenic patient?

    Three : Schizophrenic people are usually introverts. They never take the slightest interest in the happenings of the outside world.

    Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had never been an introvert. Indeed, he was a man who not only viewed with the greatest interest the developments in the world around him, but he also played out his own role were the circumstances prevailing ever to call forth such a necessity. He was, furthermore, a person who had striven not only to provide a moral code to the people, but also to live out a life that would stand as an exemplary model for them to follow.

    Lamartine wrote:

    "Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, the conqueror of ideas, the restorer of the faith, of a cult without images, the founder of twenty terrestrial empires and one spiritual empire - that was Muhammad. As regards all the standards by which human greatness may be measured, we may well ask the question: ‘Is there any man greater that he?" (Historie De la Turquie, vol. 2, page 277)​
    Is this the evaluative account about an introvert who was also a schizophrenic?

    Four : Those who suffer from Schizophrenia can hardly work systematically towards the attainment of any slated objective. Such people, who are unable to accomplish anything of significance, will necessarily be a mentally and physically exhausted lot.
    Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) had been the last of the messengers of God who had been sent for the guidance of humanity. He was eminently successful in that he accomplished the very purpose of his mission in a span of time which stretched roughly over two decades. Indeed, Muhammad(pbuh) managed to attract scores of people to the religion of truth by way of a disciplined method of propagation. It had been just all of twenty three years that was required to transform a people who had been nowhere in civilization and culture into a race that became the highest exemplars for the whole world. All those who have analysed history with impartiality have opined that Muhammad(pbuh) was indeed, the person who has most influenced the world.

    Will those, who know even a little about the said disorder, ever accept that all this was possible by a schizophrenic patient?

    Five : The Schizophrenic patient suffers from delusions as well as hallucinations. These delusion and hallucinations have no semblance or relation with reality.

    The critics have attributed Schizophrenia to him by classifyng the revelations and visions which the prophet Muhammad(pbuh) received into this category. We have, however, seen that none of the other symptoms of Schizophrenia were present in the prophet. Then how will it be possible to attribute a schizophrenic disorder to him in the light these revelations alone? The ‘revelations’ to which the schizophrenic patient is subject are but a symptom of the disease. Such revelations will be related and confined only to his own personal domains. But what of the revelations which Muhammad(pbuh) had experienced? Those revelations had served to carve out an ideal community in a step by step fashion.

    Firstly, it inculcated, in the people, the consciousness about God and of the Hereafter.

    Through stage after stage, it struck at the very root of the evils that had afflicted the society. In such manner was it, therefore, that the revelations experienced by Muhammad(pbuh) were able to become the very cause behind the creation of an exemplary society.

    Indeed, the revolution that was wrought stands at the pinnacle of greatness. In the broad sweep of history there has not been another revolution to rival it in any way.

    Is it ever possible that the delusions of a schizophrenic patient can serve as the cause of the creation of an exemplary society and of a faultless and incomparable revolution?

    It is clear from all this that the allegations that Muhammad(pbuh) was a schizophrenic patient and that it is the delusions which he had heard that form the contents of the Qur'an are merely allegations that do not deserve to be considered in their own right.
    Source
    Last edited: Jan 22, 2020
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    Refuting Temporal lobe Epilepsy,Hallucinations and Schizophrenia

    Temporal Lobe epilepsy: Seizures are absent, other symptoms are also discussed but no positive finding other than so called “hallucinations” .

    Hallucinations:All the causes are discussed and thus ruled out disproving any case of Hallucination.

    Schizophrenia:The diagnostic criteria is mentioned as well as discussed and the condition is ruled out too.

    Temporal lobe epilepsy:
    The characteristic point is the presence of seizure i.e. rhythmic contractions at one side of the body or face.

    No such description in any single hadees or quranic verse.

    No reports.

    Numbness,tingling and the sense that flesh is crawling

    No such reports

    Memory impairment

    Not at all.No such reports.

    Abdominal pain and nausea

    No reports

    Abnormal mouth behaviors

    No such reports.

    A hadees is quoted but it is not actually present in Sahih Bukhari.

    Abnormal head movements (forced turning of the head or eyes)

    No such hadees

    Repetitive movements (such as picking at clothing)

    No hadees or verse.

    Virtigo

    No reports.

    Features of temporal lobe complex partial seizure may include the following:

    • Motionless stare, dilated pupils, and behavioral arrest .Absent
    • Oral alimentary automatisms, manual automatisms, or unilateral dystonic limb posturing; reactive automatisms may also be seen Absent
    • Possible evolution to a secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizure Not at all.
    • Postictal period that can include confusion, aphasia, or (by definition) amnesia.Absent.
    Non authentic sources
    Now the quotations from non authentic sources from which disbelievers had gathered numerous so called symptoms.

    Being drowsy .The reference is Ibid which is a non authentic source.

    The countenance being disturbed.The reference is Tabaqat which is another non authentic Reference.

    Feeling of burning with heat.The reference is Majma Uz Zawaid which is non authentic source.

    Trembling.Again the reference provided is not authentic i.e. Tabari.

    Seeing trees and stones.Sira Ibn e Ishaq is a not an authentic reference of ahadees.

    Slight redness around the eyes,from Tabaqat– non authentic source.

    Sound of a camel during revelation.No such hadees found in Sahih Bukhari.You may search yourself.

    Camel kneeling under the power of revelation and mentioned as the animals responding to seizures.The fact is that NO reference is mentioned and regarding seizures,there were no seizures at all and no other symptoms.

    Authentic Ahadees with explanation
    Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 87, Number 111

    Narrated Aisha:
    the Prophet became so sad as we have heard that he intended several times to throw himself from the tops of high mountains and every time he went up the top of a mountain in order to throw himself down, Gabriel would appear before him and say, “O Muhammad! You are indeed Allah’s Apostle in truth” whereupon his heart would become quiet and he would calm down and would return home. And whenever the period of the coming of the inspiration used to become long, he would do as before, but when he used to reach the top of a mountain, Gabriel would appear before him and say to him what he had said before.

    Explanation: It is all about “we have heard that…”

    Hadees about Ali r.a. mentioning the face of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w. as reddish white .Reference Tirmizi

    Explanation: Once?There could be unlimited reasons and it can not be mentioned as a symptom of temporal lobe epilepsy.

    Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 1, Number 3:

    Narrated ‘Aisha:

    (the mother of the faithful believers) The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah’s Apostle was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright day light.

    Explanation: “Dreams coming true as a bright day light ” simply means that the Dreams coming true exactly.

    Bright day light which is highlighted by disbelievers does not point towards some visual hallucination.

    Hallucinations:
    Narrated ‘Aisha:

    (the mother of the faithful believers) Al-Harith bin Hisham asked Allah’s Apostle “O Allah’s Apostle! How is the Divine Inspiration revealed to you?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a bell, this form of Inspiration is the hardest of all and then this state passes ‘ off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says.” ‘Aisha added: Verily I saw the Prophet being inspired Divinely on a very cold day and noticed the Sweat dropping from his forehead (as the Inspiration was over).

    Explanation:

    1. Sweating
    2. Ringing
    3. Seeing the angel.
    The Question could arise for a non Muslims that are these really the hallucinations?

    Disbelievers insists that these are nothing else than the visual or auditory hallucinations or auras particularly related to temporal lobe epilepsy.

    He ignores the many important symptoms which are absent and assumes many symptoms from non authentic sources.The diagnosis must be proven wrong.

    Now come towards the Hallucinations.

    Hallucinations:

    1 Hypnagogic hallucination

    These occur just before falling asleep which was not the case of revelations.

    2 Peduncular hallucinosis

    These typically occur in Dark enviornments.This was not the case of revelations upon Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w. which had no fixed time.

    3 Delirium Tremens

    The person experiences nightmares,insight is gradually reduced and severe uncontrollable tremors and yes,it is mostly due to withdrawl of alcohol.

    None of this was true for our Holy Prophet s.a.w.w.

    4 Parkinson’s disease and Lewy body dementia

    Parkinsons Disease:Tremor, rigidity, slowness of movement, and postural instability.Not the case of Our Holy prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w.

    Core features of DLB are: fluctuating cognition with great variations in attention and alertness from day to day and hour to hour.Not the case of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w

    5 Migraine coma

    This type of hallucination is usually experienced during the recovery from a comatose state.

    Not a case of our Holy prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w.

    6 Charles Bonnet syndrome

    Severe sight impairment.Not a case of Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w.

    7 Focal epilepsy

    Already refuted.No other symptom or even the seizures were present.

    8 Drug-induced hallucination

    No drugs were taken at all so not the case at all.

    9 Sensory deprivation hallucination

    No sensory deprivation so not the case.

    10 Experimentally-induced hallucinations

    No experiment was conducted so again,it was not the case.

    11 Schizophrenia

    One cause of visual,auditory or command hallucinations is Schizophrenia but logically the man of a balanced ,leading and victorious personality could not be a schizophrenic.

    Diagnostic Criteria of schizophrenia:
    A. Characteristic symptoms:

    Two (or more) of the following, each present for a significant portion of time during a 1-month period (or less if successfully treated):​

    (1) delusions .Absent

    (2) hallucinations .The point which has to be refuted

    (3) disorganized speech (e.g., frequent derailment or incoherence) .Absent

    (4) grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior. Absent

    (5) negative symptoms, i.e.

    • Affective flattening– The person’s range of emotional expression is clearly diminished; poor eye contract; reduced body language Absent
    • Alogia– A poverty of speech, such as brief, empty replies Absent
    • Avolition – Inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activities (such as school or work) Absent
    B. Social/occupational dysfunction:
    For a significant portion of the time since the onset of the disturbance, one or more major areas of functioning such as work, interpersonal relations, or self-care are markedly below the level achieved prior to the onset (or when the onset is in childhood or adolescence, failure to achieve expected level of interpersonal, academic, or occupational achievement). Not the case of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w​

    C. Duration: Continuous signs of the disturbance persist for at least 6 months. No characteristic symptom other than the one I am refuting.

    D. Schizoaffective and Mood Disorder exclusion: He had a balanced personality so ruled out.

    E. Substance/general medical condition exclusion:Ruled out.

    F. Relationship to a Pervasive Developmental Disorder:
    If there is a history of Autistic Disorder or another Pervasive Developmental Disorder, the additional diagnosis of Schizophrenia is made only if prominent delusions or hallucinations are also present for at least a month (or less if successfully treated). No such Findings.​


    CONCLUSION:
    Temporal lobe epilepsy is ruled out as there were no seizures or any other symptoms.

    The authentic ahadees are explained while there were many non authentic sources too,from which disbelievers had mentioned the symptoms.

    Everything is ruled out regarding visual,auditory and command hallucinations.Every case of hallucination is discussed and ruled out.

    Schizophrenia is ruled out through the diagnostic criteria.

    The fact is that the experience can not be termed as hallucination or schizophrenia or Temporal lobe epilepsy.

    Source
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    He had Epilepsy?
    Other people who reject the Prophethood of Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon
    him) agree because of the historical evidence of Muhammad’s (Peace and Blessings be
    upon him) impeccable character and truthfulness that he would not have deliberately
    fabricated the Qur’an and his Prophethood, so they allege for some reason that he
    either had epilepsy or was delusional and actually believed that he was a Prophet.

    Firstly, again keeping in mind that Muhammad is perhaps history’s most well
    documented man, there is absolutely no evidence from his life to support this claim, and
    all evidence suggests that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) lived a
    normal and sane life all the way up to his death at the age of sixty (60). However in spite
    of that, we will nonetheless prove that this claim is false and malicious.

    Secondly, even some Orientalists (non-Muslims who have achieved considerable status
    as authorities on Islam) themselves have rejected these claims of epilepsy as false and
    ridiculous. Daniel commenting on the claim of epilepsy said:

    “…epilepsy as applied to the Prophet was the explanation of those who sought to
    amuse rather than to instruct”

    Khalifa, Mohammad The Sublime Qu’ran and Orientalism p. 13

    John Davenport said,

    "This remark that Muhammad has suffered the attacks of epilepsy is one of the false,
    awkward sayings of the Greeks by which they meant to stain the prestige of the
    propagator of a new religion, and turn the world of Christianity against his moral
    behavior and qualities."

    Udhri Taqsir, p.20

    There are various types of epilepsy, the main ones being grand mal, petit mal and
    psychomotor.

    Grand Mal includes generalized convulsions in which there is sudden unconsciousness
    with falling and shaking of the limbs. Sometimes the person screams just before the
    seizure and it is followed by stiffening and halted respiration. Next come jerky moves
    and one can bite one’s tongue and the person experiences a headache. Afterwards,
    they have no recollection of what happened.

    When Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) received revelation, it was
    described like the ringing of a bell, while other times the Angel Gabriel came to him in
    the form of a man and delivered the message directly. When one compares grand mal
    to the description of Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) receiving
    revelation, it is obvious that he did not suffer from grand mal.

    Petit Mal involves momentary lapses of awareness and more than seventy percent
    (70%) of patients have their first attack before the age of twenty. It involves no
    involuntary movements and can happen several times in a day without interruption of
    consciousness. This too, is in opposition to the description of Muhammad’s (Peace and
    Blessings be upon him) receiving revelation.

    Firstly, Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) was forty (40) years old when
    he began to receive revelation. And each time he received revelation, it was for several
    minutes – not moments.

    Psychomotor seizures involve convulsions. They last only a few seconds are
    accompanied with screams and mumbles which do not make words and sentences,
    much less entire chapters of a book which are not only completely understandable, but
    of the highest eloquence.

    Epilepsy takes control of one’s thoughts during seizures, yet Muhammad (Peace and
    Blessings be upon him) was in complete control during the revelation and was able to
    recall the event in detail, unlike one who would have an epileptic seizure.
    Beyond the above facts, one must ask how could Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be
    upon him) unconsciously know about previous nations? How could he unconsciously
    answer questions people asked him and be so correct? No one ever stood up to claim
    that they too are familiar with these stories.

    How could he know about future events which would later come to pass? How could he
    have known that the Persians and Romans would go to war and who would win the war
    years in advance?

    Therefore when the facts are examined, the epileptic seizures theories can not only be
    easily ruled out as absurd but we can only conclude that this claim is made out of
    outright maliciousness because the evidence is overwhelmingly against them.

    Norman Daniel commenting on the slanders made against Muhammad (Peace and
    Blessings be upon him) said:

    "All writers (referring to Western Writers) tended - more or less - to cling to fantastic
    tales about Islam and its Prophet... The use of false evidence to attack Islam was all but
    universal."

    Norman Daniel, Islam and the West, One world Publications 1993, p.267

    Daniel also goes on to explain:

    "At the worst there was the assertion of the fantastic,
    and its repetition without discrimination; at the best there was the selection of only those
    facts that served the purpose of controversy."

    ibid, p.268

    Nonetheless, material gain; desire for power; desire to unify the Arabs and ever having
    had epilepsy are all easily ruled out when any unbiased reader one looks into the life of
    Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him)

    Source: Who wrote the Quran
    • Ma sha Allah! Ma sha Allah! x 1
  5. Abu Juwairiya
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    May Allah reward you and your family brother.

    Keep up the good work.

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