Questions & Answers on Innovations

Discussion in 'Islamic Discussion' started by Abu Abdillah, May 1, 2008.

  1. Abu Abdillah
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    Abu Abdillah Super Moderator Staff Member

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    Question And Answers On Bid’ah (Innovation)
    Author: Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen

    Source: Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
    Published: Saturday 3rd January 2004

    Question. What is and what is not a Bid’ah (Innovation)?

    Answer: According to sharee’ah, the definition is ‘Worshipping Allaah in ways that Allaah has not prescribed.’

    If you wish you may say,

    ‘Worshipping Allaah in ways that are not those of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) or his rightly guided successors (al-Khulafaa ar-Raashidoon).’

    The first definition is taken from the aayah,

    “Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?” [Soorah Ash-Shooraa (42):21]

    The second definition is taken from the hadeeth of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), who said,

    “I urge you to adhere to my way (Sunnah) and the way of the rightly-guided successors (al-Khulafaa ar-Raashidoon) who come after me. Hold fast to it and bite onto it with your eyeteeth [i.e., cling firmly to it], and beware of newly-invented matters.”

    So everyone who worships Allaah in a manner that Allaah has not prescribed or in a manner that is not in accordance with the way of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) or his rightly-guided successors (al-Khulafaa ar-Raashidoon), is an innovator, whether that innovated worship has to do with the names and attributes of Allaah, or to do with His rulings and laws.

    With regard to ordinary matters of habit and custom, these are not called bid’ah (innovation) in Islaam, even though they may be described as such in linguistic terms. But they are not innovations in the religious sense, and these are not the things that the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) was warning us against.

    And there is no such thing in Islaam as bid’ah hasanah (good innovation).”

    [Majmoo Fataawa of Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen, vol. 2, p. 291]

    Question: What are the types of Bid’ah?

    Answer: Bid’ah may be divided into two categories:

    Bid'ah which constitutes kufr (disbelief)
    Bid’ah which does not constitute kufr (disbelief)

    Questions: What is the definition of bid’ah which constitutes kufr and that which does not constitute kufr?

    Answer: Shaykh Haafidh al-Hakamee – rahimahullaah – said,

    “The kind of bid’ah which constitutes kufr is when one denies a matter on which there is scholarly consensus, which widely-known, and which no Muslim can have any excuse for not knowing, such as denying something that is obligatory, making something obligatory that is not obligatory, or making something haraam halaal.

    Or making something halaal haraam; or believing some notion about Allaah, His Messenger (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) and His Book when they are far above that, whether in terms of denial of affirmation – because that means disbelieving in the Qur’aan and in the message with which Allaah sent His Messenger (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam).

    Examples include the bid’ah of the Jahamiyyah, who denied the attributes of Allaah; or the notion that the Qur’aan was created; or the notion that some of the attributes of Allaah were created; or the bid’ah of the Qadariyyah who denied the knowledge and actions of Allaah; or the bid’ah of the Mujassimah who likened Allaah to His creation... etc.

    The second category, bid’ah which does not constitute kufr, is defined as that which does not imply rejection of the Qur’aan or of anything with which Allaah sent His Messengers.

    Examples include the Marwaani bid’ahs (which were denounced by the greatest Sahaabah who did not approve of them, although they did not denounce them as kaafirs or refuse to give them bay’ah because of that), such as delaying some of the prayers until the end of the due times, doing the Eid khutbah before the Eid prayer, delivering the khutbah whilst sitting down on Fridays, etc.” [Ma’aarij al-Qubool, 2/503-504]


    Question: What is the ruling on one who commits Bid’ah is he a Kaafir (disbeliever) or not?

    Answer: The answer is that it depends. If the bid’ah constitutes kufr, then the person is one of the following two types:

    Either it is known that his intention is to destroy the foundations of Islaam and make the Muslims doubt it. Such a person is definitely a kaafir; indeed, he is a stranger to Islaam and is one of the enemies of the faith.

    Or he is deceived and confused; he cannot be denounced as a kaafir until proof is established against him, fair and square.

    If the bid’ah does not constitute kufr, then he should not be denounced as a kaafir. Rather, he remains a Muslim, but he has done a gravely evil action.

    Question: How do we deal with those who commit bid’ah?

    Answer: Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen – rahimahullaah – said,

    “In both cases, we have to call these people – who claim to be Muslim but who commit acts of bid’ah which may constitute kufr or may be less than that – to the truth, by explaining the truth without being hostile or condemning what they are doing. But once we know that they are too arrogant to accept the truth – for Allaah says,

    “And insult not those whom they (disbeliever's) worship besides Allaah, lest they insult Allaah wrongfully without knowledge.” [Soorah al-An'aam (6):108]

    If we find out that they are stubborn and arrogant, then we should point out their falsehood, because then pointing out their falsehood becomes an obligation upon us.

    With regard to boycotting them, that depends upon the bid’ah. If it is a bid’ah which constitutes kufr, then it is obligatory to boycott the person who does it. If it is of a lesser degree than that, then it is essential to examine the situation further. If something may be achieved by boycotting the person, then we do it; if no purpose will be served by it, or if it will only make him more disobedient and arrogant, then we should avoid doing that, because whatever serves no purpose, it is better not to do it.

    And also in principle it is haraam to boycott a believer, because the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said,

    “It is not permissible for a man to forsake [not speak to] his brother for more than three [days]”


    [Adapted from Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 2, p. 293]
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  2. IslamIsLight
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    IslamIsLight Islam is my life Staff Member

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    salam aleikum

    Jazakallah khair
    Very beneficial article

    waaleikum salam
  3. Abu Sarah
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    Abu Sarah Allahu Akbar Staff Member

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  4. mariamanas
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    mariamanas New Member

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    salam.can someone with very good knowledge,tell me if salaat tasbhi is bidah,with very clear understanding please.i;m confused.may ALLAH subhanataallah reward you.
  5. Proud_2b_Muslim
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    Proud_2b_Muslim Ahmad M. Al-Marshoud

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    :salam2:
    thanks for this great post
    jazak Allah khayran insha`Allah
  6. Phoyage
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    Phoyage Junior Member

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    Really Nice
    A bit long...
  7. Jaunty
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    Jaunty New Member

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    Real worship of God is from one's heart. It just comes natural.
  8. salahdin
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    salahdin Junior Member

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    Asalama ALEIKUM WA RAHMATULLAHI WA BARAKATU SHURAN FOR THE POST MAY ALLAH (swt) REWARD YOU FOR THIS
  9. ahmad al magtani
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    ahmad al magtani Kulo Nuwun

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    IS there no source from other scholar about bid'ah?
  10. junaid hasan
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    junaid hasan Banned

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  11. faithoftheheart
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    faithoftheheart Islam,

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    Thanks alot sis Mashallah!! :)
  12. xSharingan01x
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    xSharingan01x TraVeLer

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    Great thread, Is this sticky? If not it should be a must read for everyone!
  13. EGY.Muslim
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    salat tasbhi is not bidah , there is a hadith about it but its a weak hadith so its ok to perform it. but i would suggest you to do it once
  14. abuayesha
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    abuayesha Junior Member

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    :salam2:

    Besides innovations (Bid'a) among Muslim community Shirk is practiced openly. For an example, I would like to relay a story promoted by Jamaath Aththableeg.

    In the name of Ahmed Ibn Hanbal rahimahullaah the story is written and read in their gatherings. It reads as follows:

    Once Ahmed Ibn Hanbal rahimahullaah in a dream visited Allaah swt and talked to Him. He (Ahmed Ibn Hanbal) asked Allaah swt that what he should do to reach Him. And Allaah swt answered him to read Qur'an. Then he asked Allaah swt wheter he should read Qur'an knowing the meaning or without. Allaah swt addressed him by his name (Ahmed) and told him to read Qur'an with the meaning or without.


    By introducing this story the Author of the book Fadhaail-e-Amal, Zackaria claims, according to the tone of the story, that Ahmed Ibn Hanbal rahimahullaah received WAHY. Naoudu billaah.

    While talking the evil of Bid'a, we should not forget to remind the greatest sin that is SHIRK.

    May Allaah bless you brother for the nice contribution.

    Wassalaam
  15. cmelbouzaidi
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    cmelbouzaidi Junior Member

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    :salam2: wonderful thread and very important. Jazak Allahu Khair for sharing :)

    :wasalam:
  16. allah is with me
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    allah is with me Rabana Wa laqal Hamd

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    salam

    :salam2:


    thnks alot brother/sister for telling us about bidah .,...before i was not so write but now after seeing this ..am very thankfull
  17. Miss_Ayub
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    Salaam

    Jazakallah khair, that was very informative and beneficial

    Wassalam
  18. amk_047
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    The Deviations of Sufism

    The Reality of Sufism in Light of the Qur'an & Sunnah - Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Rabee Ibn Haadee al-Madkhaalee -

    Please Refer to My Playlist for future reference:
    http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=BF479C64518AA574

    [intro from the book]
    My brothers and sisters, this is an introduction to the topic which I shall deal with & that is: The Reality of Sufism in Light of the Quraan & the Sunnah. This is because Sufism has greatly affected the lives of the Muslims since the third century after Hijrah until the present day, & reached its peak in the last centuries. It has greatly affected the beliefs of the Muslims & has diverted it from its true course which was laid down in the Noble Quraan & the pure Sunnah. This is the most dangerous aspect of Sufism since Sufi thinking has become combined with veneration of the pious people & the shaykhs & exaggeration in veneration of the dead, just as it has become combined with the saying that everything in existence is in reality Allaah (wahdatul-wujood), not to mention the other aspects of Islaam which Sufism has corrupted, in that its followers are characterised by dependence upon others whilst falsely claiming to depend on Allaah, and by their monasticism. Likewise they have removed the spirit of Jihaad, which is to fight in the way of Allaah, with what they claim to be the greater jihad, i.e. striving against ones own soul (jihaadun-nafs). They base this upon the saying: We have returned from the lesser Jihaad to the greater Jihaad: striving against ones own soul. Whereas this is a baseless [i.e. fabricated] hadeeth and has provided the opportunity in the previous two centuries for colonialist powers to occupy most of the Muslim lands, & Sufism has not ceased pitching its tent in all areas of the lands of the Muslims.

    [all videos are in english]

    Part 1: Intro

    [yt]duM07mAcOoc[/yt]

    Part 2: The Definition of Sufism and its 1st appearance

    [yt]imgKPfrww8k[/yt]

    Part 3: How Did Sufism Begin?

    [yt]Nua1csuKFu4[/yt]

    Part 4:Schools of Thought Among the Sufis

    [yt]pcq4Qtu09bw[/yt]

    Part 5:Veneration of the Shaykhs among the Sufi's

    [yt]RwvTXrSnbPY[/yt]

    Part 6:The Difference Between Zuhd (Abstemiousness) & Sufism
    [yt]7UtY7izjBPw[/yt]

    Part 7:Iniquity of the Extreme Sufis

    [yt]HIIvF1k3eKM[/yt]

    Part 8:The Unity of Religions According to Ibn Arabee.

    [yt]BxjKmjZhOdw[/yt]

    Part 9:"Miracles" of the Sufis
    [yt]6XNvy2u99Ys[/yt]

    Part 10:A Final Word

    [yt]d5lfsSU4-Co[/yt]

    go to www.spubs.com for more info on the deviations of the sufis.
  19. eminbey
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    eminbey 信得過…是我的名字

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    masha allah,very beautiful ...May allah have mercy on all our truthfull schollars Ameeen
  20. siham2009
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    siham2009 New Member

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    tnx

    tnx a lot for the topic :jumpclap:

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