Seeing Allaah (by the believers in Paradise)

Discussion in 'Fundamental Beliefs in Islam Tawheed and Aqeedah' started by Shishani, May 31, 2015.

  1. Shishani
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    Will the believers see their Lord in Paradise?

    Praise be to Allaah. The blessings which Allaah bestows upon His slaves cannot be counted. Allaah has singled out the believers for additional blessings in this world, as He has blessed them with Islam, and chosen them to be guided by the Qur’aan, and He will bless them exclusively in Paradise with the greatest blessing that He can bestow, which is the honour of looking upon His holy Face in the Paradise of ‘Adan, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “Some faces that Day shall be Naadirah (shining and radiant). Looking at their Lord (Allaah)” [al-Qiyaamah :22-23]

    i.e., the faces of the believers will be beautiful and radiant, joyful because they are looking at the Face of their Lord. Al-Hasan (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “They will look at their Lord and their faces will become radiant with His Light.”

    It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “[The phrase] ‘Some faces that Day shall be Naadirah (shining and radiant)’ means, because of the blessing. ‘Looking at their Lord’ means, looking upon the Face of their Lord.” This is the opinion of the mufassireen among the scholars of the Sunnah and hadeeth.

    Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “There they will have all that they desire and We have more (for them, i.e. a glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic” [Qaaf 50:35]

    What is meant by “more” here is looking upon the Face of Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, as that was interpreted by ‘Ali and Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with them).

    Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “For those who have done good is the best reward and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah)” [Yoonus 10:26]

    The “best reward” is Paradise, and “even more” is looking upon the Face of Allaah, as that was explained by the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as was narrated by Muslim in hisSaheeh (266) from Suhayb, according to whom the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When the people of Paradise enter Paradise, Allaah will say, ‘Do you want anything more?’ They will say, ‘Have You not brightened our faces, admitted us to Paradise and saved us from Hell?’ Then the veil will be lifted and they will not have seen anything more dear to them than looking upon their Lord, may He be glorified and exalted. This is what is meant by ‘even more.’” Then he recited the verse (interpretation of the meaning): “For those who have done good is the best reward and even more (i.e. having the honour of glancing at the Countenance of Allaah)” [Yoonus 10:26]

    So once you know that the people of Paradise will not be given anything there that is more dear to them than looking upon the Face of their Lord, it will become clear to you just how great is the deprivation and loss that awaits the sinners whom Allaah warns with the words (interpretation of the meaning): “Nay! Surely, they (evil doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day” [al-Mutafiffoon 83:15]

    We ask Allaah to keep us safe and sound

    How beautiful are the words of al-Shaafa’i, which were narrated from him by al-Rabee’ ibn Sulaymaan – who was one of his students – who said: “I was with Muhammad ibn Idrees [i.e., al-Shaafa’i], who had received a letter from Upper Egypt in which it said, ‘What do you say about the aayah, “Nay! Surely, they (evil doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day” [al-Mutafiffoon 83:15]?’Al-Shaafa’i said: ‘Because they will be veiled by the wrath (of Allaah), this indicates that the friends of Allaah will see Him beceause He is pleased with them.’”

    This is some of the evidence from the Qur’aan which proves that the believers will see their Lord in Paradise.

    With regard to the evidence in the Sunnah, there is a great deal of it. For example:

    1 – Al-Bukhaari (6088) and Muslim (267) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that some people said: “O Messenger of Allaah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?” The Messenger of Allaah said, “Do you doubt that you see the moon on the night when it is full?” They said, “No, O Messenger of Allaah.” He said, ‘Do you doubt that you see the sun when there is no cloud?” They said, “No, O Messenger of Allaah.” He said, “You will see Him likewise…”

    According to a report narrated by al-Bukhaari: “you will not have any doubts or disputes concerning seeing Him,” and seeing Him will not cause you any hardship or make you tired. And Allaah knows best. Summarized from Sharh Muslim.

    2 – Also in al-Saheehayn (al-Bukhaari, 6883; Muslim, 1002), it is narrated that Jareer ibn ‘Abd-Allaah said: “We were sitting with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), looking at the moon on the night of the fourteenth (of the month). He said, ‘You will see your Lord with your own eyes just as you are looking at this (moon), without any doubt that you are seeing Him.’

    The comparison in this hadeeth is between seeing and seeing, i.e., just as we see the sun in all clarity on a cloudless day, and no one prevents anyone else from seeing it despite the large numbers of people looking at it, and just as we see the moon completely on the night when it is full, and we see it so clearly, despite the large numbers of people who are looking at it, so too the believers will see their Lord on the Day of Resurrection, so fully and clearly. But there is no comparison in the ahaadeeth between what is seen in one case and the other, may Allaah be exalted far above such a thing, for there is nothing like unto Allaah, and He is the All-Hearing, All-Seeing.

    3 – al-Bukhaari (4500) and Muslim (6890) narrated from Abu Moosa that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Two gardens of silver, their vessels and everything in them, and two gardens of gold, their vessels and everything in them. And there will be nothing between the people and their seeing their Lord, may He be blessed and exalted, except the veil of pride concealing His Face in the Paradise of ‘Adan.”

    The ahaadeeth about seeing Allaah were narrated by nearly thirty Sahaabah. Whoever learns them will have certain knowledge that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said them. So whoever claims after this that no one will see Allaah in the Hereafter is rejecting the Qur’aan and the message with which Allaah sent His Messengers, and he is exposing himself to the stern warning mentioned in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): “Nay! Surely, they (evil doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day” [al-Mutafiffoon 83:15]

    We ask Allaah to keep us safe and sound, and we ask Him to bestow upon us the joy of looking upon His holy Face…. Ameen.

    See Sharh al-‘Aqeedah al-Tahhaawiyyah, 1/209 ff; A’laam al-Sunnah al-Manshoorah by Shaykh Haafiz al-Hukami, p. 141.
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  2. Shishani
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    The belief regarding seeing Allaah (ar-Ru'yah)

    English: http://as-salaf.com/article.php?aid=77&lang=en
    Arabic: http://as-salaf.com/article.php?aid=51&lang=ar

    Definition of Ru’yah In the Arabic language:
    (The letter) Ra’, (The letter) Hamzah, (The letter) Ya’, make a root that indicates sight and vision with the eye or mind (baseerah). (1)
    And Ru’yah with the eye (seeing) has one object, while Ru’yah with knowledge has two objects (meaning in sentence structure). (2)

    The belief of the Pious Salaf (Predecessors), Ahl As-Sunnah and Jama’ah, in regards to Seeing Allah:
    He is not seen in this worldly life because of Allah’s saying, when Musa (Moses) alayhi assalam asked to see Allah: {You cannot see Me}[7:143], and for the saying of the Prophet –sallallahu alayhi wa sallam- in the hadith about the Dajjal: ”You will not see your Lord until you die“.
    As for the believers seeing Allah on the day of Judgement, then it is confirmed by the Quran, Sunnah, and consensus of the Pious Salaf, and this sight will be with the eyes, as it will be proven in this article insha Allah.

    Evidence from the Quran:

    Allah Ta’la said –translation of the meaning- {Some faces that Day shall be radiant * Looking at their Lord (Allâh)} [75:22-23:]
    {For those who have done good is the best (reward) and even more} [10:26]
    The Prophet -sallallahu alayhi wa sallam- explained the “even more” (ziyadah) to mean: looking at Allah Azza wa Jal, the hadith is quoted under the evidence from the Sunnah.
    {Nay! Surely they will be veiled from their Lord that Day} [83:15]
    Meaning the kuffar (disbelievers) will be veiled from seeing Allah –Azza wa Jal-, as the Salaf and Imams of Sunnah explained.

    Evidence from the Sunnah (Hadiths)

    The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said: “When those deserving of Paradise would enter Paradise, the Blessed and the Exalted would ask: Do you wish Me to give you anything more? They would say: Hast Thou not brightened our faces? Hast Thou not made us enter Paradise and saved us from Fire? He (the narrator) said: He (Allah) would lift the veil, and of things given to them nothing would be dearer to them than the sight of their Lord, the Mighty and the Glorious. He then recited the verse: {For those who do good is the best reward and even more} [Sahih Muslim]

    He –sallallahu alayhi wa sallam – also said: ”You will see your Lord with your eyes.“ [Sahih Bukhari]

    Jarir said: The Messenger of Allah –Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam- came out to us on the night of the full moon and said: ”On the day of rising you will see your Lord as you see this (moon). You will not be harmed by seeing Him.“ [Sahih Bukhari]

    Ibn Hurairah –radiyallahu anhu- narrated that the people asked: “Messenger of Allah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Judgement?” The Prophet –sallallahu alayhi wa sallam- said, ”Do you dispute with one another about seeing the moon on the night of the full moon?“
    They said: “No, Messenger of Allah.”
    He asked: ”Do you dispute with one another about seeing the sun when there are no clouds?“ They answered: “No, Messenger of Allah.”
    He said: ”You will see Him like that.“ [Sahih al Bukhari]

    The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also said: ”There is none among you but that his Lord will speak to him without any interpreter between Him and him, or a veil to veil him.“ [Sahih al Bukhari]

    Statements from the Pious Salaf:
    1. Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Layla (3) (A Tabi`ee/d. 83 H.) said regarding Allah’s saying: {For those who have done good is the best (reward) and even more (ziyadah)} [10:26] : «The “best reward” (Al-Husna) is the Jannah (Paradise), and the “even more” (ziyadah) is looking at the Face (wajh) of Allah –Azza wa Jal-, Neither darkness nor dust nor any humiliating disgrace shall happen to them after seeing Him (Allah).» (4)

    2.`Amer bin Sa`d Al-Bajali (Tabi`ee/d. around 90 H.) said regarding ayah [10:26]: «Ziyadah (even more) is looking at the Face (wajh) of their Lord Azza wa Jal.» (5)

    3. Qatadah (Tabi`ee/d. 117 H.) said regarding the ayah [10: 26]: «As for the ziyadah, it is looking at the Face of the Most Gracious (Allah).» (6)

    4. Al-Awza`i (d. 157 H.) and Sufyan Ath-Thawri (d. 161 H.): Al-Waleed bin Muslim said: “I asked Al-Awza`i, Sufyan Ath-Thawri, and Malik bin Anas about the hadeeths that mention the Ru’yah (seeing Allah Ta’alah), so they said: «Pass it as it came, without (asking) How».” (7)

    5. Abdul-Aziz bin Abdullah Al-Majishoon (d. 164 H.) said, when he was asked about what the Jahmiyyah innovated: «The Shaytan (devil) continued to busy them with their false hopes until they negated His saying {Some faces that Day shall be radiant * Looking at their Lord (Allâh)} [75:22-23], so they said: ‘No one sees Him on the day of Judgement.’ , By Allah they have negated the best honor that He honored his awliya’ with on the day of judgment, that is looking at His Face.» (8)

    6. Imam Malik bin Anas (d. 179 H.) said: «The people look at Allah Ta’ala on the day of judgment with their eyes.» (9)
    He also said about the reports on seeing Allah Azza wa Jal: «pass them as they came without (asking) How.» (7)

    7. Imam Shafi`i (d. 204 H.) said: «In Allah’s saying (translation of the meaning) : {Nay! Surely they will be veiled from their Lord that Day} [83:15] is evidence that His awliya’ see Him on the day of Judgement with the vision of their faces (i.e. eyes).» (10)
    And in another report: «evidence that the awliya’ of Allah see Allah.» (11)

    8. Hisham bin Ubaidellah Ar-Razi al-Hanafi (d. 221 H.): «It has reached us from the tafsir (explanation) of the Quran, and the muhkam Hadith, that Allah –Jal Thana’uh- is seen in the Hereafter.» Then he mentioned the reports in tafsir of the Quran and hadiths of the Messenger of Allah – sallallahu alayhi wa sallam-. (12)

    9. Ishaq bin Rahwaih (d. 238 H.) said: «And it has passed in the the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah –sallallahu alayhi wa sallam- that the people of Jannah will see their Lord, and it is from the greatest favors for the people of Paradise.» (13)

    10. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241 H.): It reached him that a man said: “Allah Ta`ala (The Exalted) is not seen in the Hereafter.”, so he (Imam Ahmad) became extremely angry, and said: «Whoever says that Allah Ta`ala is not seen in the Hereafter then he has disbelieved, upon him is the curse of Allah and His Anger, whoever it was; Hasn’t Allah Azza wa Jal said: {Some faces that Day shall be radiant * Looking at their Lord (Allâh)} [75:22-23], and he Ta`ala said: {Nay! Surely they will be veiled from their Lord that Day} [83:15], this is evidence that the believers see Allah Ta`ala.» (14)

    He also said: «The Jahmiyyah said: "Allah is not seen in the Hereafter." And Allah Ta`ala said: {Nay! Surely they will be veiled from their Lord that Day} [83:15], this cannot be except that Allah Ta`ala is seen. And (He) Ta`la said: {Some faces that Day shall be radiant * Looking at their Lord (Allâh)} [75:22-23], this is looking at Allah Ta`la, and the Hadeeths reported from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam: ”You will see Your Lord“ with a sound narration … and the Quran is a witness that Allah Ta`ala is seen in the Hereafter.» (15)

    11. Khushaish bin Asram (d. 253 H.) said in his book “Al-Istiqamah”: «And Jahm [founder of Jahmiyyah sect] denied [the belief in]looking at Allah, and Allah said: {Some faces that Day shall be radiant * Looking at their Lord (Allâh)} [75:22-23], and said: {Their greeting on the Day they shall meet Him will be Salâm Peace} [33:44]» Then he mentions a number of textual evidences. And he said: «If the believer is veiled from his Lord and does not see him, and the disbeliever is veiled from his Lord, then what then what favor does a believer have over the disbeliever? And the speech of Allah -Azza wa Jal-, His Messenger, and the companions of His Messenger are more rightfully to be followed than the sayings of Jahm in the seeing of Allah -Azza wa Jal-.» (16)

    12. Muhammad bin Yahya Adh-Dhuhli (d. 258 H.): Muhammd bin Yahya was asked about the hadith: “Did you see Allah?" He –sallallahu alayhi wa sallam- answered: ”It isn’t for anyone to see Allah“. He (Adh-Dhuhli) said: «That is in this world, but in the Hereafter the people of Jannah will look at Allah –Azza wa Jal- with their sight.» (17)

    13. Abu Zur`ah Ar-Razi (d. 264 H.), and Abu Hatim Ar-Razi (d. 277 H.) said: «We have reached the Scholars in all the lands – The Hijaz, Iraq, Sham and Yemen –, and from their Madhhab was: … that Allah -Tabaraka Wa Ta’ala- will be seen in the hereafter, the people of Jannah will see Him with their sight, and will hear His speech how and as He Wills.» (18)

    14. Uthman Ad-Darimi (d. 280 H.) said: «When Allah put a restriction for seeing Him in the Hereafter with His saying: {Looking (ila) at their Lord (Allâh)} (i.e. with the preposition “ila” which means to/towards), we knew that it is the seeing of the eyes.» (19)

    15. Abu Bakr bin Abi `Asim (d. 287 H.) said: «and from the matters which the people of knowledge have agreed upon, and attributed it to the Sunnah is …. Affirmation of the seeing of Allah Azza wa Jal, His awliya’ see Him in the Hereafter, the seeing of the eye, as the reports have come.» (20)

    16. Abu Al-Abbas Tha`lab (d. 291 H.) said regarding the ayah {Their greeting on the Day they shall meet Him will be Salâm Peace} [33:44]: «The scholars of the Arabic language are upon Agreement that the “meeting” here (i.e. in the ayah) is not but seeing with the eyes.» (21)

    Statements of Scholar after the era of the Salaf

    17. Ibn Jarir At-Tabari (d. 310 H.) said: “And the believers see their Lord on the day of Judgement with the sight, like they see the sun without any clouds, and like they see the moon when it is full (i.e. in its clearity), because of the hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.” (22)

    18. Abu Ja`far Tahawi (d. 321 H.) said in his famous aqeedah:«Ru’yah is true for the people of Jannah, without encompassment and without kayfiyyah.»

    19. Abu Bakr al-Ajurri (d. 360 H.): «As for the people of happiness: …. They believed in Allah alone, did not associate any partners with Him, and affirmed their speech with actions, so He ended their lives upon that (i.e. Tawheed and truthfulness), so they are in their graves in bliss, on the day of resurrection they are given glad tidings, and looking towards Allah with their eyes.»

    20. Ibn Shaheen (d. 385 H.): «And I bare witness that Allah –Azza wa Jal- is seen on the day of judgment, and He appears to His creation so the people of Jannah would see Him, and He is veiled from the people of disbelief.» (24)

    21. Ibn Abi Zamanin al-Maliki (d. 399 H.): “And from the sayings of Ahl Assunnah: That the believers see their Lord in the Hereafter , and He is veiled from the disbelievers and polytheists, so they do not see Him.” (25)

    22. Abu Uthman As-Sabuni Ash-Shafi`i (d. 449 H.): «And Ahl AsSnnah bare witness that the believers see their Lord –Tabaraka wa Ta`ala- on the day of Judgement with their sight, and they look at him, as it has been reported by authentic narrations from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who said: ”You see your Lord as you see the moon on the night it is full“. And the likening in this report is the likening of the seeing (i.e. the action of seeing the moon and seeing Allah) and not the likening of the seen.» (26)
    And he said in his will that he bares witness that the awliya’ of Allah: «See Him with their eyes in the Hereafter.» (27)

    What we have quoted suffices, and in order for the article not to be too long, or else the statements of the pious salaf and scholars of Sunnah on this matter are much more.

    The Meaning of Allah’s saying –transaltion of the meaning-: {No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all vision} [6:103]​

    A group from the Pious Salaf explained this ayah to mean: The seeing of Allah Azza wa Jal in this world (in dunya):

    - Rafee` Abu Al-`Aaliyah (d. around 93 H.) said in the interpretation of ayah {"Glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first of the believers."}[7: 143] : «And before him there were believers, but he (Musa) says –As Allah mentions in the Quran: {“I am the first of the believers”} I am the first who believes in this, that no one see You before the day of judgment. And He says: {No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all vision}meaning that no vision can see Him in this world (dunya).» (28)

    - Isma`il Ibn `Aliyyah (d. 193 H.) said in tafsir of the ayah: «This is in the dunya (this worldly life) .» (29)

    - Ibn Al-Mubarak (d. 181 H.) : Ibn Rahwaih said: “It was said to Ibn Al-Mubarak that someone interpreted the two ayat {No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all vision}[6:103] and {Some faces that Day shall be radiant * Looking at their Lord (Allâh)}[75:22-23] to be contradictory, so he makes waqf in the issue of Ru’yah (i.e. He doesn’t say that Allah will be seen nor that he won’t be seen).”
    So Ibn Al-Mubarak said: «The sheikh is ignorant of the meaning of the ayah, Allah’s saying {No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all vision} does not contradict {Some faces that Day shall be radiant * Looking at their Lord (Allâh)}, because the first one is in this world, and the other one is in the Hereafter.» (30)

    - Yahya bin Sallam (d. 200 H.) said: «{No vision grasps Him}meaning in this world.» (31)

    - Hisham bin Ubaidellah Ar-Razi al Hanafi (d. 221 H.): Ibn Abi Hatim reported that his father –rahimahullah- reported that Hisham bin Ubaidellah said something similar to that.” Meaning the interpretation of Isma`il Ibn `Aliyyah that was quoted previously. (32)

    - Uthman Ad-Darimi (d. 280 H.): «So it is said to this Merrisi (the heretic) : “You read the book of Allah and your heart is inattentive in what is recited to you. Do you not see that the companions of Musa begged Musa to see Allah in this world (dunya) and said {"O Mûsâ (Moses)! We shall never believe in you until we see Allâh plainly."} [2:55], and didn’t say “until we see Allah in the hereafter” but in this world, and Allah has said: {No vision grasps Him} meaning the vision of the people of this world. And if they had asked him (Musa) to see Him in the Hereafter, like the companions of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they wouldn’t have been hit with a thunder-bolt, and he wouldn’t have told them except what Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to his companions, when they asked him: “Do we see our Lord on the day of Judgement?” so he said: ”yes, you will not be harmed in seeing Him“.» (33)

    And a group of them interpreted the word “Al-Idrak” in the ayah[6:103] to mean: encompassment, meaning that the sight does not encompass Allah Azza wa Jal, though it sees Him on the day of judgment.

    - Qatadah (d. 117 H.) said regarding the interpretation of the ayah:«And He is too Great for the vision to encompass Him.» (35)

    - Abu Bakr Al-Ajurri (d. 360 H.): If someone said: ‘What is the interpretation of His (Allah) saying: {No vision grasps Him}?’, it is said to him: According to the people of knowledge, it means: Visions do not surround Him, nor encompass Him -Azza wa Jal-, and they see him without encompassment, and they do not doubt seeing Him, as a man would say: ‘I have seen the sky’, and he is truthful, and his sight did not encompass the whole sky.” (36)

    - Ibn Hibban (d. 354 H.) said in his “sahih”: “He is seen on the day of Judgment, and the visions do not encompass Him when it sees Him, for Al-Idrak is encompassment, and Ru’yah is looking, and Allah is seen and not encompassed.”

    - Abu Muhammad al-Baghawi (d. 510 H.) said: “Know that Idrak is not the same as ru’yah, because al-Idrak is: to reach the end/extreme limit of something, and encompass it, and ru’yah is to see with the eye. And ru’yah can be without encompassement.” (37)

    _________________________________________

    (1) “Mu`jam Maqayis Al-Lugha” by Ibn Faris (2/472)
    (2) “As-Sihah Taj Al-Lugha” by Al-Jawhari (6/2347)
    (3) Trustworthy (Thiqah) from the older Tabi`een.
    (4) “Ar-Rad `ala Al-Jahmiyah” by Ad-Darimi (pg. 100) with an sahih chain, and “As-Sunnah” by Abdullah bin Ahmad (1/244) with a different sahih chain.
    (5) “Ar-Rad `ala Al-Jahmiyyah” by Ad-Darimi (pg.101); “As-Sunnah” by Abdullah bin Ahmad (2/257); and “Sharh Usool I`tiqad Ahl Assunnah” by Al-Lalaka’I (3/461)
    (6) “Jami` Al-Bayan” by At-Tabari (his tafsir) (12/161); Tafsir Abdur Razzaq As-San`ani (2/294)
    (7)”Sharh Usool I`tiqad Ahl Assunnah” by Lalaka’i (3/527); Mu’jam Ibn al-Muqri’ (pg.111); “As-Sifat” by Ad-Daraqutni (pg.75)
    (8) “Sharh Usool I`tiqad Ahl Assunnah” by Lalaka’i (3/502); “Al-Uluw Lil-`Alee Al-Ghaffar” by Adh-Dhahabi (pg. 142)
    (9) “Ash-Shari`ah” by Al-Ajurri (2/984); “Sharh Usool I`tiqad Ahl As-Sunnah” (3/501)
    (10) “Al-Ibanah AlKubra” by Ibn Battah.
    (11) “Manaqib Ash-Shafi`I” by Al-Bayhaqi (1/420)
    (12) “Sharh Usool I`tiqad Ahl Assunnah” (3/506), Al-Lalaka’i said: Abdur Rahman (Ibn Abi Hatim) mentioned it (in his book “Rad ala Jahmiyyah”) and said: “I found in a book that my father had which was authored by Hisham in refutation of the Jahmiyyah …etc.”
    (13) Musnad Ishaq bin Rahwaih (3/672)
    (14) “Ash-Shari`ah” by Al-Ajurri (2/986)
    (15) “Ash-Shari`ah” (2/986-987), with a chain containing trustworthy narrators.
    (16) “At-Tanbeeh war-Rad `Ala Ahl bida` wal-Ahwa” by Al-Malti (pg. 127-129)
    (17) “Ma`rifat Ulum Al-Hadith” by Al-Hakim (pg.266)
    (18) “Sharh Usool I`tiqad Ahl Assunnah” (1/176-180) with a sahih chain. And Ibn Qudamah narrated a part of it with two different chains in his book “Ithbat Sifat Al-Uluw” (pg. 182-184)
    (19) “Naqd Ad-Darimi `Ala Bishr Al-Merrisi” (2/821)
    (20) “As-Sunnah” by Ibn Abi `Asim (2/1027-1028)
    (21) “Al-Ibanah” Al Kubrah by Ibn Battah, ch. Rad `ala Jahmiyyah: section “Belief that the Believers will see their Lord on day of Judgement.”
    (22) “At-Tabseer fi Ma`alim Ad-Deen” by At-Tabari (pg137)
    (23) “As-Shari`ah” (2/979)
    (24) “Sharh Madhaheb Ahl Assunnah” by Ibn Shaheen (pg. 319)
    (25) “Riyadh Al-Jannah fi Takhreej Usool As-Sunnah” by Ibn Abi Zamanin (pg. 120)
    (26) “Aqeedat As-Salaf As-hab Al-Hadeeth” by As-Sabuni (pg. 76)
    (27) “Tabaqat Shafi’iyah alKubra” by As-Subki (4/289)
    (28) “Sharh I’tiqad Ahl AsSunnah” by Al-Lalaka’I (3/521)
    (29) Tafsir Ibn Abi Hatim Ar-Razi (4/1363)
    (30) Musnad Ishaq bin Rahwaih (3/674)
    (31) Tafsir Ibn Abi Zamanin (2/89)
    (32) Same as footnote #12
    (33) Naqd Ad-Darimi ‘Ala Bishr Al-Mirrisi (1/366-367)
    (34) “At-Tanbeeh war-Rad ‘ala Ahl Al-Bida’ wal Ahwa” by Al-Malti, chapter: mentioning the mutashabih of the Quran.
    (35) Tafsir Tabari (9/459)
    (36) “As-Shari’ah” (2/1048)
    (37) “Ma’alim At-Tanzil” by Al-Baghawi (3/174)
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