The Characteristic of a Believer From Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah From Tabqaat Al-Hanaabelah 1/294-295 By: Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal Muhammad ibn Habeeb Al-Andaaree narrates many things on the authority of our Imam. From among those things is an essay on the Sunnah. He said: “I heard Ahmad ibn Hanbal say: The Characteristic of a Believer from Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah is: 1. Whoever bears witness that no god has the right to be worshipped except Allah, He is alone without partners, and Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. 2. He establishes all that the Prophets and Messengers have come with. He believes in his heart that which he manifests. 3. He does not doubt in his belief. 4. He does not make a disbeliever out of anyone from the people of tawheed because of a sin. But he delays what is unknown to him of the affairs to Allah ‘Azza wa Jell. He entrusts his affairs with Allah ‘Azza wa Jell. He does not guarantee safety from Allah for a sin. 5. He knows that everything is by the qadaa of Allah and His divine decree, the good, the bad, everything! 6. He hopes for the good doer of the Ummah of Muhammad and he fears for the one who does badly. 7. He does not place anyone from the Ummah of Muhammad in jannah or the fire because of some good or bad that was done, so that Allah ‘Azza wa Jell He is the One to place His creation wherever He likes. 8. He knows the right of the salaf, those whom Allah has chosen to attend His Prophet. 9. He gives preference to Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthmaan. He knows the right of ‘Alee ibn Abee Taalib, Talhah, Az-Zubair, ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn ‘Owf, Sa’d ibn Abee Waqqaas, Sa’eed ibn Zaid ibn ‘Amr ibn Nufail over the rest of the Companions. Indeed, they are the nine who were with the Prophet on the mountain of Heraa when the Prophet said: “Be calm Heraa, because you have upon yourself a Prophet, a truthful one and a martyred. And the Prophet is the tenth of them. 10. He shows mercy on all of the Companions of Muhammad. The young from among them and the old. He speaks of their virtues and refrains from that which broke out among them. 11. The salaah of the two ‘eeds, fear, jumu’ah, and the jamaa’ah with every ameer, whether he is righteous or wicked. 12. Wiping over the leather socks during travel and when not traveling. 13. Shortening during travel. 14. The Qur’aan is the speech of Allah and His revelation and it is not created. 15. Faith is a statement and an action. It increases and decreases. 16. Jihaad is ongoing since the time that Allah sent Muhammad up until the last group who will fight the Anti-Christ. They will not be harmed by the wrongdoing of the wrongdoer. 17. Buying and selling is permissible until the Day of Resurrection in accordance with the Book and the Sunnah. 18. Saying Allahu Akbar is four times over the funeral. 19. Supplication for piety is for the Imams of the Muslims. Do not revolt against them by the sword. Do not fight in fitnah and remain in your homes. 20. The belief in the punishment of the grave. 21. The belief in Munkar and Nakeer. 22. The belief in the Pool and the Intercession. 23. The belief that the people of Paradise will see their Lord The Blessed and Exalted. 24. The belief that those who profess the oneness of Allah will exit the fire after being burned, just as the hadeeth narrates these things on the authority of the Prophet. 25. We believe in the truth of them and we don’t make any analogy with them. 26. This is what the scholars of all the cities have agreed upon. .