The Partition of India refers to the creation on 14 August 1947 and 15 August 1947, respectively, of the sovereign states of Dominion of Pakistan (later Islamic Republic of Pakistan) and Union of India (later Republic of India) upon the granting of independence to British India from Great BrITAIN INDIA WAS OFFERED TO GET INDEPENDENCE ON 14 AUGUST BUT HINDU PRIEST REFUSED BY CALLING IT AN UNFORTUNATE DAY AS IT WAS SHAB E QADR(NIGHT ON WHICH QURAN WAS REVEALED) OF MUSLIMS.SO PAKISTAN GOT INDEPENDANT ON THAT DAY. Massive population exchanges occurred between the two newly-formed nations in the months immediately following Partition. Once the lines were established, about 14.5 million people crossed the borders to what they hoped was the relative safety of religious majority. Based on 1951 Census of displaced persons, 7,226,000 Muslims went to Pakistan from India while 7,249,000 Hindus and Sikhs moved to India from Pakistan immediately after partition. Pakistan creation was based on the ideology that "Hindus and Muslims are two separate nations and muslims should have their independant country where they could live according to their beliefs." THE PARTITION created a permanant enimity between India and Pakistan and as a result both the countries turned NUCLEAR.