Historic Umar ibn Al-Khattab RA.

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    Umar RA and Cloak, Sword, Pants, Shirt, Crown & Shoes of Chosroes:

    When Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas RA sent the cloak, sword, pants, shirt, crown and shoes of Chosroes to Umar after the battle of al-Qadisiyah, Umar looked at the people and the tallest and most well-built of them was Suraqah ibn Ja’tham al-Madlaj.

    He said: “O Suraqah, get up and put these clothes on.” He stood up and put them on, and he hoped to keep them.

    Umar said to him: “Walk over there,” so he walked away.

    Then he said, “Come back,” so he came back.

    Then he said: ”Excellent! A Bedouin from Banu Madlaj wearing the cloak, trousers, sword, belt crown and shoes of Chosroes. What a day, O Suraqah, when you are wearing some of the belongings of Chosroes. It will be an honor for you and your people. Take it off.”

    So Suraqah took it off, and Umar said: “[O Allah], You withheld this from Your Messenger and Prophet (SAW), and he was dearer to You than me, and You withheld it from Abu Bakr, who was dearer to You than me, then You gave it to me. I seek refuge from You lest Your giving it to me be a test.” Then he wept until those who were with him felt sorry for him.

    Then he said to Abdur-Rahman: “I urge you, sell it and share out (its price) before evening comes.”

    [Mahd as-Sawb fee Fada’il Ameer al-Mu’mineen Umar ibn al-Khattab, 2/625]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 234

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    may Allah showers millions and millions blessing and peace upon our beloved Prophet, his companions and all those who strive to follow them until the day of judgement, jazak Allah for sharing
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    Ameen yo your dua'a akhi. Wa iyyaki :)
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    Garbage Dump = Dunya:

    It was narrated that Abu al-Ashhab said: Umar passed by a garbage dump and stopped there, and it was as if his companions were bothered by it (the smell). He said, “ This is this world of yours which you are so eager for and you weep over.”

    [Az-Zuhd by Imam Ahmad, p.118]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 236

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    Simplicity Defined:

    Umar RA was late one Friday, then he came out and apologized to people for keeping them waiting.
    He said: "I was late because of this garment of mine; it was being washed and I do not have any other garment."

    [Mahd as-Sawab fee Fada'il Ameer al-Mu'mineen Umar ibn al-Khattab, 2/566]

    It was narrated that Abdullah ibn Amir ibn Rabee'ah said: "I set out for Hajj with Umar ibn al-Khattab RA, from Madeenah to Makkah and back again, and no tent was set up for him. He used to put a cloak or a mat on a tree and shade himself beneath it."

    [At-Tabaqat by Ibn Sa'd, its isnad is Saheeh]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 237

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    JazakAllah khair! Truly he was an example for us to follow! how brave he was how just he was! Subhan Allah. May Allah bestow him with Mercy Ameen
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    uniqueskates Rabbe Zidni Illma

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    Wa iyyaki sister. Jazak Allah Khair for reading them :)
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    Harsh life in Dunya for Luxury in Jannah:

    One day the Mother of the Believers Hafsah (RA) entered his place and saw that he was living a harsh and ascetic life.

    She said: “Allah has bestowed a lot of good things upon us, and has granted you ample provision. Why do you not eat food that is better than this, and wear finer clothes than this?”

    He said, “You tell me whether this is right or wrong.”

    And he mentioned the Messenger of Allah (SWT) and the hard life that he lived, and he kept reminding her of how the Messenger of Allah SWT had lived when she was with him, until he made her weep.

    Then he said, “I had two companions who followed a certain path, and if I follow a hard path, perhaps i will join them in their life of luxury (in Paradise).

    [Az-Zuhd by Imam Ahmad, p.125; at-Tabaqat, 3/277]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 237

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    "Umar RA just won't take the honey":

    One day he fell sick, and they gave him some honey as a remedy. There was some honey in the bayt al-mal which had been brought from one of the conquered lands. Umar would not take the honey, as the doctors advised him to do, until he had gathered the people, ascended the minbar, and asked the people for permission: “If you give me permission (I will take it), otherwise it is haram for me.”

    The people wept out of compassion for him, and they all gave him permission, and they said to one another: ”What a man you are, O Umar! You have made it difficult for the caliphs who come after you.”

    [Fara’id al-Kalam li’l-Khulafa al-Kiram, p.113; al-farooq by ash-Sharqawi, p.275.]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 240

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    A Lesson from Donkey Ride:

    It was narrated that al-Hasan al-Basri said: Umar went out on a hot day, holding his cloak over his head. A young man passed by on a donkey and he said, "O young man, let me ride with you.” The young man got down off the donkey and said, “Ride, O Ameer al-Mumineen. He said, “No; you ride and I will ride behind you. Do you want me to have more comfortable place (in the front) and you ride in the less comfortable (at the back)?” So he rode behind the young man, and entered Madeenah riding behind him, with the people looking on.”

    [Ashab ar-Rasool by Mahmoud al-Masri, 1/157]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 241

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    "Pitch the Zakah Camels":

    A delegation came from Iraq to Umar ibn al-Khattab, among whom was al-Ahnaf ibn Qays. It was an intensely hot summer day and Umar had wrapped his head in an abayah and was daubing the zakah camels with pitch.

    He said: ”O Ahnaf, put aise your garment and come help the Ameer al-Mumineen with this camel, for these are zakah camels, to which the orphans, widows and poor are entitled.”

    A man among the people said: “May Allah forgive you, O Ameer al-Mumineen, Why don’t you tell one of your slaves who look after the zakah to take care of it?”

    Umar said, “What slave can be more of a slave than me or Ahnaf? The one who has been appointed in charge of the Muslims affairs owes them the same duties of sincerity and fulfillment of the trust as a slave owes to his master.”

    [Akhbar Umar, p 343; Ashab ar-rasool by Mahmoud al-Marsi, 1/156]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 241-242

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    "Feeling A Little Proud eh?":

    It was narrated that Urwah ibn az-Zubayr RA said: “I saw Umar ibn al-Khattab RA carrying a vessel of water on his shoulder, and I said, “O Ameer al-Mumineen, you should not have to do this.”

    He said, “When the delegations came to me listening and obeying, I felt a little proud, and I wanted to put a stop to that."

    [Madarij as-Salikeen, 2/330]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 242

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    "Abu Bakr was better than me":

    It was narrated from Jubayr ibn Nufayr that: “A group of people said to Umar ibn al-Khattab, we have never seen any man who judges more fairly, speaks the truth more plainly and is more harsh in dealing with the hypocrites than you, O Ameer al-Mumineen. You are the best of people after the Messenger of Allah SAW."

    Awf ibn Malik said, “You are lying, by Allah, there was one after the Messenger of Allah SAW.

    He asked, ‘who was that?’

    He said, “Abu Bakr”,

    Umar said,Awf is right, and you are lying. By Allah, Abu Bakr RA was better than the scent of musk when I was still more astray than my people’s camel” – i.e., before he became Muslim, because Abu Bakr RA became Muslim six years before him.

    [Manaqib Umar by Ibn al-Jazwi, p.14; Mahd as-Sawab, 2/586]

    This is indicative of Umar’s humility and his respect for the virtuous, which was not limited only to those who were still alive, but included those who had died too. He did not agree to deny their virtue or ignore their memories, and he continued to speak well of them on every occasion; he strove to make the people respect those noble characters and not forget the great deeds they had done. Thus good deeds were perpetuated from one generation to another, and righteous deeds were not forgotten just because the ones who had done them were absent or had passed away. This is a sign of loyalty and faith.

    [Shaheed al-Mihrab, p.144]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 242-243

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    :subhanallah:

    "May your mother be bereft of you":

    Umar went out in the darkness of night and saw Talhah ibn Ubaydullah RA. Umar went and entered one house, and then he entered another house. The following morning, Talhah went to that house and found a paralyzed, blind old woman.

    He said to her, “Who is this man who comes to you?”

    She said: “He has been taking care of me for such and such a time. He brings me what I need and takes away any rubbish from me.” Talhah said (to himself): “May your mother be bereft of you, how could you check on Umar?”

    [Akhbar Umar p.344; Mahd as-Sawab, 1/356]

    Concern for the weaker members of society is one of the main factors of success, and one of the greatest means of drawing closer to Allah. The leaders of Islamic movements, rulers of Muslim people, Imams of mosques and Muslims in general should pay attention to this aspect of their societies.

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 265

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    Umar said to a man who was thinking of divorcing his wife: “Why do you want to divorce her?” He said, “I do not love her.” Umar said, “Must every house be built on love? What about loyalty and appreciation?”

    [Al-Bayan wa at-Tabayeen, 2/101; Faraid al-Kalam, p.113]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 270

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    :subhanallah:

    "Every Muslim should kiss the head of Abdullah ibn Hudhafah":

    The Romans captured the great Sahabi Abdullah ibn Hudhafah as-Sahami, and took him to their king, who said to him:“Become Christian and I will share my kingdom with you and give you my daughter’s hand in marriage.”

    Abdullah said to him, “Even if you gave me all that you possess and that all the Arabs possess to make me give up the religion of Muhammad SAW for the blink of an eye, I would not do it.”

    He said, “Then I will kill you.”

    Abdullah said, “It’s up to you.”

    So the king ordered that he be crucified and that the archers shoot him near his hands and feet, whilst he was telling him to become Christian, but he refused to do so. Then he ordered that he be taken down and a huge pot of copper be heated up. Then one of the Muslim prisoners was brought and thrown into it, and when he looked there was nothing left but bones. He again told him to become Christian, but he refused. Then he ordered that Abdullah be thrown into that pot, and he was lifted on a pulley to be thrown in, but he wept and the king hoped that he would respond and he again told him to become Christian.

    But Abdullah said, “I am only weeping because I have but one soul to be thrown into this pot for the sake of Allah. I wish that I had as many souls as there as hairs on my body, so that they may all receive this torture for the sake of Allah.”

    According to some reports, the king imprisoned him and deprived him of food and drink for several days, then he sent wine and pork to him, but he did not touch them.

    The king summoned him and said, “Why did you not eat?”

    He said, “They were permissible for me (in that situation), but I didn’t want to give you the satisfaction.”

    He said, “Yes.”

    The king said to him, “Kiss my head and I will let you go.” Abdullah said, “And will you let all the Muslim prisoners go?”

    So Abdullah kissed his head, and he let him go and he let all the Muslim prisoners go with him.

    When he came back, Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “every Muslim should kiss the head of Abdullah ibn Hudhafah, and I will be the first, and he stood up and kissed his head.”

    [Tafsir ibn Kathir, 2/610]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 273-274

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    `Abdullaah bin Hudhaafah. Subhaanallah! One of my favorite incidents. Jazaakallahu khayran akhy.
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    uniqueskates Rabbe Zidni Illma

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    Wa iyyaki sister. JazakAllah Khair for reading it. :)
    The book is filled with amazing instances, I find it very hard to decide which one to omit. Everything seems magical, full of wisdom and displays the beauty of our deen. SubhaanAllah. :)

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    "Umar RA and a Muhajid who honored his Mother":


    Some fighters came from Syria, heading for Yemen, and Umar had dishes of food that he would set out after Fajr. One of those men came and sat down, and started to eat, using his left hand. Umar – who used to watch the people whilst they were eating – said to him: “Eat with your right hand.”

    But he did not respond. Umar repeated it, and he said, “O Ameer al-Mumineen, it is busy.”

    When he had finished eating, Umar called him and said, “What kept your right hand busy?”

    He brought out his arm and it was cut off. Umar said, “What is this?”

    He said, “I lost my hand on the day of al-Yarmook.”

    He said, ”Who does wudoo for you?” He said, “I do wudoo with my left hand, and Allah helps me.”

    Umar said, “Where are you going?” He said, “Yemen, to my mother whom I have not seen for so many years.” Umar said,And you honor your mother too.” And he ordered that he be given a servant and five camels from the camels given in charity, and he loaded them up for him.

    [Ash-Shaykhan Abu Bakr wa Umar min Riwayat al-Baladhuri, Pp.174,175]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 276

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    Umar RA kissing the head of Ali RA:

    A man complained about Ali to Umar and when Umar looked into the matter he said to Ali: “Sit down alongside your opponent, O Abu al-Hasan.” Ali’s expression changed, and Umar passed judgement concerning the matter, then he said to Ali, “Did you get angry, O Abu al-Hasan, because I treated you and your opponent equally?”

    Ali said, “You did not treat me and my opponent equally, O Ameer al-Mumineen, because you honored me and called me Abu al-Hasan, using my kunyah, but you did not call my opponent by his kunyah.”

    Umar kissed the head of Ali and said, “May Allah not keep me in a land where Abu al-Hasan is not there.”

    [Umar ibn al-Khattab, By Salih Abdur Rahman, p.79]

    From - Umar ibn Al-Khattab His Life & Times by Dr. Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi. p. 280

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