~*~*~Islamic Word Meaning~*~*~

Discussion in 'Word Games' started by Seeking Allah's Mercy, Oct 19, 2010.

  1. Janaan
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    Janaan ربنا اغفر لنا ذنوبنا Staff Member

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    As-salaamu `alaikum warahmatullaah!

    Mawqoof. Or Al-Mawquuf is a hadeeth which reaches the Sahaabah- regardless of continuity in the chain of transmission.

    In my...research, I came across this; Ar-riwaayat Al-mawquufah. Riwaayatul Mawquufah is one whose primary source is one of the sahaabah(companions of Rasool of Allaah)

    ^If that's correct, i suggest Mawqûdhah(t) for the next word.
  2. kashif_nazeer
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    kashif_nazeer ~~~Alhamdulillah~~~

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    :wasalam:warahamatullahi wabarakatuhu
    I found that mawqudhah is an animal that is killed by violent blow,like shooting stabbing etc.
    It is mentioned in verse 3 of Surah al maidah

    Hurrimat AAalaykumu almaytatu waddamuwalahmu alkhinzeeri wama ohilla lighayri Allahibihi walmunkhaniqatu walmawqoothatu walmutaraddiyatuwannateehatu wama akala assabuAAuilla ma thakkaytum wama thubihaAAala annusubi waan tastaqsimoo bil-azlamithalikum fisqun alyawma ya-isa allatheena kafaroomin deenikum fala takhshawhum wakhshawni alyawmaakmaltu lakum deenakum waatmamtu AAalaykum niAAmatee waradeetulakumu al-islama deenan famani idturra fee makhmasatinghayra mutajanifin li-ithmin fa-inna Allahaghafoorun raheem

    Sahih International
    Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah , and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows. That is grave disobedience. This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion. But whoever is forced by severe hunger with no inclination to sin - then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.


    If that is correct,my next word is Al-Waswãs
  3. Janaan
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    Janaan ربنا اغفر لنا ذنوبنا Staff Member

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    As-salaamu `alaikum warahmatullah!

    You're right akhy! It's referred to any animal that does not get proper slaughtering..

    Waswâs means whisperer(referred to shaytaan-who whispers evil into the hearts of people)...

    Next word:Fidyah
  4. Seeking Allah's Mercy
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    Seeking Allah's Mercy Qul HuwaAllahu Ahud!

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    Wa alaykum asalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu. . .

    Fidyah means expiation or compensation or ransom.

    It is the amount paid by a person to make up for his missed fasts. Incase the person is old or has a disease which keeps him from fasting permanently.

    It is mentioned in the Quraan:

    [Observing Sawm (fasts)] for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days. And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day). But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for him. And that you fast is better for you if only you know”

    [al-Baqarah 2:184]

    With regard to the manner of feeding, one has the choice between giving each poor person half a saa’ [equal to half of a kilogram] of food such as rice and the like (i.e., approximately one and a half kilograms) or making food and inviting the poor to eat.

    Taken from Islamqa.

    Next word: Mardood hadith.
  5. Seeking Allah's Mercy
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    Seeking Allah's Mercy Qul HuwaAllahu Ahud!

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    I found the following so I decided to share this about Mauquf hadeeths.

  6. Janaan
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    Janaan ربنا اغفر لنا ذنوبنا Staff Member

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    As-salaamu `alaikum warahmatullaah!

    ^I noticed most(if not all) of the terms you provide has something to do with 'hadeeth'.:)

    Mardûd hadeeth is declined, turned down, passed up, cast off and unapproved of(hehe sorry couldn't resist listing) due to omission from the chain(sanad) of a narrator which results in the inability to attest the reliability of this narrator or due to the narrator's integrity being questioned or due to the weakness of the matn of the hadeeth or it's contradiction to the Qur'aan.
    In a single word, Mardûd(hadeeth) means REJECTED !.
    Types of hadeeth that fall under hadeeth mardûd are: Mu`allaq, Mu`dil, Munqati`, Shadh, Mu`allal, Munkar and Mawdu'u.

    *Sister you put me through so much reading..hehe. But I suppose it was beneficial!:)

    Next Word:Hudûd
  7. Seeking Allah's Mercy
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    Seeking Allah's Mercy Qul HuwaAllahu Ahud!

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    That's because most of these words tend to come in my readings, than I have to look for the meaning and all. It was initially because of this "problem" that I made this thread. Back then the I just had to 'type' the word and get a detailed answer from members here *Smile*.

    Jazakallah khair for providing the answer.

    As for hudood:

    Hudud (Arabic , also transliterated hadud, hudood; singular hadd, حد, literal meaning "limit", or "restriction") is the word often used in Islamic literature for the bounds of acceptable behaviour and the punishments for serious crimes. In Islamic law or Sharia, hudud usually refers to the class of punishments that are fixed for certain crimes that are considered to be "claims of God." They include theft, fornication, consumption of alcohol, and apostasy.

    [Taken from wiki]

    Also, I found out in my search that it is mentioned in the Quraan only once:

    It is He Who has sent down to you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) the Book (this Qur'an). In it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book [and those are the Verses of Al-Ahkam (commandments), Al-Fara'id (obligatory duties) and Al-Hudud (legal laws for the punishment of thieves, adulterers)]; and others not entirely clear. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials), and seeking for its hidden meanings, but none knows its hidden meanings save Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord." And none receive admonition except men of understanding. (Tafsir At-Tabari).

    Next word: Mufarradun (It's meaning is explained in a hadith*Smile*). Quote the hadith if you can.
  8. Janaan
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    Janaan ربنا اغفر لنا ذنوبنا Staff Member

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    As-salaamu `alaikum warahmatullaah !

    ^Achaa(Means, I see=D). What I do(or I'm gonna do from this point on) is just pick random words from the qu'aan..:)

    Yup here's the hadeeth..

    Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allaah's apostle (s.a.w) was traveling along the path leading to Makkah that he happened to pass by mountain Jumdan. He said: proceed on, it's Jumdan, Mufarradun have gone ahead. They(his companions)said: Allaah's apostle, who are Mufarradun? He said, they are those males and females who remember Allaah much.

    So no need for a definition, it's in^there!:)

    Next Word: Al-`iqaab(or `Iqaab)
  9. Seeking Allah's Mercy
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    Seeking Allah's Mercy Qul HuwaAllahu Ahud!

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    Asalamoalaikom wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu. . .

    I just thought it's high time for me to enlist the rules here:

    All these rules are for the purpose of making the thread more benefiical. May Allaah increase our knowledge.

    Jazakaallah khair!
  10. Seeking Allah's Mercy
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    Seeking Allah's Mercy Qul HuwaAllahu Ahud!

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    From the primitive root عقب(Aqaba), to follow, to ensue, to pursue.

    'Iqaab عقاب is a noun which means:

    1) punishment or infliction of punishment

    2) penalty

    Source: wiki.

    Source.

    The Qur’an has described the punishment of the hereafter as great, painful, severe, and demeaning.:

    ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ شَاقُّوا اللَّـهَ وَرَ*!سُولَهُ ۖ وَمَن يُشَاقِّ اللَّـهَ فَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

    That is because they opposed Allah and His Messenger. And whoever opposes Allah - then indeed, Allah is severe in penalty. [Surah Hashr:4]


    وَإِنَّ رَ*!بَّكَ لَذُو مَغْفِرَ*!ةٍ لِّلنَّاسِ عَلَىٰ ظُلْمِهِمْ ۖ وَإِنَّ رَ*!بَّكَ لَشَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

    But verily, your Lord is full of Forgiveness for mankind inspite of their wrong-doing. And verily, your Lord is (also) Severe in punishment. [Surah Ar Rad:6]

    Also in [Surah Ghafir:22] and [Surah Maidah:98]



    Next word: ta’weel
  11. thariq2005
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    thariq2005 Praise be to Allah!

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    Assalaamu `alaykum


    Here is a interesting one: What is Shaadh in hadeeth terms? (Provide an example inshaa'Allaah)

    Wassalaamu `alaykum
  12. JenGiove
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    JenGiove Junior Member

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    :salam2:

    HEY! One I can almost answer! :) This is my weak attempt at answering this question.

    Shaadh means that the narration has no support or origin in other hadiths, hense, it is incorrect. <I beg forgiveness if I am even a little bit incorrect>

    I found this online and while *I* personally don't understand it all because of the Arabic words, I thought I'd post it as my example and maybe someone else can understand it better...or even explain it. :)

  13. Janaan
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    Janaan ربنا اغفر لنا ذنوبنا Staff Member

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    ^Well, Jen...Shadh doesn't necessarily mean 'incorrect'. It's actual meaning(As I read..) is irregular.
    Adding onto what you found, here's mine,
    According to Ash-shaafi`I, a shad hadeeth is one that is reported by a trustworthy person but goes against the narration of a person more reliable than him. It does not include a hadeeth that is unique in it's contents and is not narrated by someone else(Al-hakim 119).

    An example of a shadh hadeeth, according to some scholars, is one that Abu Dawud and At-tirmidhi transmitted through the following isnad(chain of narration):

    Abdul waahid ibn Zaid...Al`Amash...Abu Salih....Abu hurairah==the prophet s.a.w: "when one of you offers two raka`aaha before the Dawn prayer, he should lie down on his right side."

    Regarding it, Al-bayhaqi has said,
    Abdul waahid has gone against a large number of people with this narration, for they have reported the above as an 'act' of the prophet(sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and not as his saying; Abdul waahid is alone amongst the trustworthy students of Al-`Amash in narrating these words.(As-suyuti 1235; Salih 260)


    *Jen, you needa provide the next word since 'you' actually answered the previous one..
  14. Seeking Allah's Mercy
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    Seeking Allah's Mercy Qul HuwaAllahu Ahud!

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    Asalamamoalaikom wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu. . .

    It's good that you answered, because I'm thoroughly confused. I think I'll stop playing the game for a while to understand the concept of Shaadh hadeeth.

    I read:

    a) Shaadh, "odd" or "irregular" narration.

    b) Imam Shafi’i definition of Shaadh (And also of the majority of the ulema): It has to meet two conditions: it comes solitarily from trustworthy sources and it contradicts a stronger source (or sources).

    This one is understandable.

    c)Al Haakim’s definition: Al-Hakim Said: " Shaadh hadith is a Hadith that was narrated by a Thiqa ( Trusty Narrator) yet this specific narration is odd. In other words, His narration has no support or origin in other narrations. He also Mentioned: The I'lla of the Shaadh Hadeeth cannot be found on the contrary of the Moa'lal hadith, which its I'lla can be found" [ Muqadimat Ibn Salah: 1/44]


    This is "Extremely" confusing. especially because I don't understand the bold parts.

    Are Shaadh hadith reliable? I ask because both the definition talk about "trusty narrators". My 'readings' tell me they are not. If so, than what does it mean to have been narrated from "trusty narrators".


    Also I found that some of the most 'twisted' ideas were 'tagged' up as shaadh hadith.


    And it has got some other meaning besides tafseer as well?
  15. JenGiove
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    JenGiove Junior Member

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    :salam2:

    I see Sister Seeking and I use the same search engine! lol! and visit the same sites! lololololol!!!!

    Ok, since this is a game to learn new words to better understand Islam how about we add a new rule....

    The next word has to relate in some way to the word answered....that way we have a "chain" of words that connect to each other and it might make it easier to understand them in the end.

    My word <and I hope someone with more knowledge will come and explain "Shaadh"...

    sister Seeking, you'll like this one....

    My word is.."I'lla"
  16. Seeking Allah's Mercy
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    Seeking Allah's Mercy Qul HuwaAllahu Ahud!

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    Wa alaykum.

    Thanks dear Sister, I need to know that one.

    I hope the one who landed us with this troublesome word explain can explain it. Because as far as I know, the three of us are stuck in here forever with this word i.e "Shaadh".

    It's starting to sound evil to me O_O
  17. JenGiove
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    ROTFL!

    Well, in a way it is since a Shaadh hadith means that while the narrator may be someone trustworthy...for example Muslim...the commentary on it isn't supported by anything else. So while the person is trustworthy, the conclusion is not since it isn't repeated in other Hadiths..If a 'behavior' is out of pattern, then something is wonky about the conclusion...you see what I mean? Here's the example stated earlier..

    I think what "shaadh" is saying is that if the conclusion was correct.."lie down on the right side"...then why is it that only Abdul waahid narrates it and not the others? Surely if it was Sunnah then other narrators would have reported it as well. The man is trusted but since he is the ONLY one to state it, then it may not be accurate or out of context....something is "irregular" about it. I think determining something "shaadh" or not is a "checks-and balances" mechanism set into place to keep the Sunnah clear and accurate and unblemished with human error.
  18. thariq2005
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    thariq2005 Praise be to Allah!

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    Assalaamu `alaykum

    Maa shaa'Allaah lot of reading going on there.

    Generally, 'Shaadh' applies to "Additions of a narration" that has been narrated by a trustworthy narrator, but that same addition is not narrated by those who are "more trustworthy" than him.

    Let me give a contemporary example that is discussed by many scholars- just giving it so you guys can do more reading on this inshaa'Allaah.

    We have the narration that is narrated by Al-Nasaa'ee, Ibn Khuzaymah and others- on the authority of Waa'il Ibn Hujr:

    I will certainly watch how the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prays. So I watched him and he stood up and said takbeer (“Allaahu akbar”), and raised his hands until they were level with his ears. Then he placed his right hand on his left hand, wrist and lower forearm. When he wanted to bow, he raised his hands likewise, and put his hands on his knees, and when he raised his head he raised his hands likewise. Then he prostrated and put his hands level with his ears, then he sat with his left foot tucked underneath him and put his left hand on his left thigh and knee, and he put the edge of his right elbow on his right thigh. Then he held two of his fingers and made a circle, then he raised his forefinger and moved it, making du’aa’ with it.

    The Isnaad of this hadeeth is as follows:

    Waa'il ibn Hujr (Sahaabi) > Kulayb (narrates from Waa'il)> `Aasim ibn Kulayb (narrates from his father- Kulayb)

    From `Aasim about 13 people narrate the same kind of hadeeth. This specific hadeeth with the wording "I saw him moving it" was narrated from `Aasim by a narrator called Zaa'idah ibn Qudaamah. Zaa'idah is a trusthworthy narrator- but one should note that there are more trustworthy narrators than Zaa'idah who narrate this narration from `Aasim- from them is the likes of Sufyaan al-Thawri, Sufyaan ibn `Uyaynah, Shu`bah ibn Hujaaj (all three are to be considered to be from the Kibaar al-Huffaadh!) and many more. None of the other 12 narrators narrated this addition- "I saw him moving it". And we clearly see that Zaa'idah has opposed 12 trustworthy narrators. Thus, scholars mentioned that this addition about moving the finger is "Shaadhdh" (Odd) and so that specific addition is to be rejected. This was the opinion of Shaykh Muqbil, Shaykh `Abdullaah al-Fawzaan and others (from the contemporary scholars). Students of knowledge have also mentioned that the moving of the finger was not mentioned by any of the salaf in their Fiqh books.

    Remember, the narration is generally accepted- but it is that extra addition that is not accepted.

    Hope that did not confuse anyone.

    Wassalaamu `alaykum
  19. Janaan
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    Janaan ربنا اغفر لنا ذنوبنا Staff Member

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    ^Jazaa'kAllaahu khayr, akhy!

    Ukhty, seeking Allaah's mercy.. I actually 'did' understand shaadh hadeeth 'before' Thariq made his pretty long(but beneficial) explaination..:)

    Brother Thaariq, could you be so kind as to also explain I'lla?? After reading much, I saw that it means 'hidden cause' behind a hadeeth.. Could you elaborate on that ?:)
  20. JenGiove
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    :salam2:

    Brother Thariq, I hope that Ramadan is going smoothly and peacefully for you, and for all the members here...

    Yes, there was lots of reading and hopefully a little bit of understanding. I'm glad y6ou returned to clarify things since guessing leads to shaadh...which leads to bi'dah..which leads to zina...and we all know where zina leads..:(

    Since you answered, CORRECTLY, the term "shaadh"..care to try your hand at "I'lla"...please....pretty please...with Ramadan cookies on top? ROTFL!~

    ....*whispers to self* I've been hanging around Seeking too long...she's making me loopy...either that or the lack of sleep..one of the two. :) :p Love you sis!

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